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2017 - APSA Annual Meeting & Exhibition Pages: unavailable || Words: 4012 words || 
1. Crandall, Matthew. "To Boldly Go Where No Hegemon has Gone Before: What Star Trek tells us about US Hegemonic Power" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA Annual Meeting & Exhibition, TBA, San Francisco, CA, <Not Available>. 2019-12-15 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The changing world order will be post-American in nature. This also means that the liberal world order failed in its mission of universalism,as a truly world order would include the incorporation of other countries such as China and Russia. This article will use themes from the fictional universe Star Trek as a framework to analyze the role of US foreign policy in this failure. Star Trek is a utopian post-modern vision for a future American lead world order. This article will evaluate US foreign policy through the lenses of Star Trek highlighting how US foreign policy has too often reflected the villains of Star Trek rather than the United Federation of Planets. In short, US has created a power based system for US interest rather than a rules based system established by values. By highlighting the similarities of Star Trek villains to US foreign policy, it will also be able to suggest a path forward to the creation of a truly united global world order in line with that presented in Star Trek. While Star Trek is science fiction, if several lessons from it were applied a peaceful world order might be more fact than fiction.

2016 - ICA's 66th Annual Conference Words: 193 words || 
2. Kwami, Janet. "Ebola Coverage and Representations of Africa: An Analysis of Hegemonic and Counter-Hegemonic Narratives on Twitter" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 66th Annual Conference, Hilton Fukuoka Sea Hawk, Fukuoka, Japan, <Not Available>. 2019-12-15 <>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: In today’s global and convergent media landscape, social media sites provide spaces for both amplification of and resistance to hegemonic discourses by media organizations, politicians, civil society organizations and citizens on global and local issues. In the summer of 2014, there was heightened interest in the continent of Africa by the global news media following the emergence of the Ebola infectious disease on the shores of the United States and other developed countries. This study investigates the politics of representation in the framing of the Ebola epidemic as a dangerous threat to the public in developed countries through the mechanism of ‘othering.’ This study draws on postcolonial theory and Actor Network theory to map out archetypal narratives and counter-narratives on Twitter to explore the ways in which social media sites such as Twitter both support and challenge hegemonic representations of the African continent. The aim of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of the complex nature of framing of Africa and African problems in international media, particularly in the era of social media where networked conversations amplify global issues, (re)producing echo chambers as well as creating spaces for resistance and counter-narratives.

2004 - The Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 29 pages || Words: 19912 words || 
3. Cady, Frederic. and Kuan, Eugene. "Hegemonic Party Reform andAdaptability: No Longer Hegemonic But Still Going Strong in Mexico andTaiwan" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 15, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-12-15 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Some democratization studies
suggest that former hegemonic/authoritarian parties should decline
and/or whither away once a nation makes the transition toward
democracy. Both Mexico and Taiwan made the transition to democracy and,
in 2000, former hegemonic political parties in Mexico (PRI) and Taiwan
(KMT) lost national power after ruling for several decades. Despite
these historic losses, both remain strong political parties in their
respective nations. In this paper, we look at hegemonic party reform in
Mexico and Taiwan. We begin to examine how these former hegemonic
parties have adapted to the new circumstances facing them and explore
the variables/mechanisms that have allowed them to remain strong. Both
the Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) and the Kuomintang (KMT)
have always displayed a degree of flexibility, even in the heyday of
their hegemony. During the democratic transition period (1980s/1990s),
the pace of internal party reform increased in both parties. The reform
process became more intensive after 2000. Reforms and/or changes we
examine include: how these parties have adapted to losing the national
president as the defacto party leader; reforms that change the
mechanism for selection of party leaders and candidates for public
office; the changing status of sub-national party units; reforms that
attempt to bring new members into the party or change the status and/or
rules relating to party members; and reforms that result in changes in
party ideology. Electoral loss appears to be a key factor that has
driven party reform. It does not appear, however, that simply losing
elections is the only variable that has led to change. In some
circumstances it also seems as if these parties enact reform in order
to prevent losing before it occurs, akin to taking “preventive
medicine.” Initial indicators are that reform generally helps these
former hegemonic parties in the electoral arena.

2008 - ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES Pages: 25 pages || Words: 11710 words || 
4. Grundig, Frank. and Ward, Hugh. "Hegemonic Leadership or Leadership Competition? Beond Hegemonic Stability Theory" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES, Hilton San Francisco, SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA, Mar 26, 2008 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-12-15 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The theory of hegemonic stability (HST) has been criticized on both, theoretical and empirical grounds. In this paper we develop a model that is in line with HST but provides a more sophisticated causal mechanism for the lack of public good provision though hegemonic leadership and we test this model empirically. In our model states differ in terms of both, ideal points on the relevant issue dimension and power; hegemons and other leaders can make side-payments to veto actors that oppose a change away from the status quo in a setter type model. We show that if there is leadership competition the hegemon does usually only get its way if it has an ideal point that is no more progressive than other leaders’ ideal points, even if the hegemon is significantly better endowed. We test our hypotheses empirically using CINC scores as a measure of our key independent variable by developing a measure of regime effectiveness based on the new International Regimes Database as our dependent variable.

2011 - 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society Words: 268 words || 
5. Knowlton, Autumn. "Bilingual education for Mayas in Guatemala: Hegemonic or counter-hegemonic?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, <Not Available>. 2019-12-15 <>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: Increasingly, Latin American governments are incorporating bilingual and mother tongue instruction in public schooling for indigenous communities. By better integrating indigenous peoples into the public educational system, these governments increase their effectiveness in bringing these communities under their control without resorting to open repression. My research focuses on Guatemala, where the majority of the population is indigenous and still reeling from the devastating effects of the country’s 30 year long civil war.
Education is a central component of capitalist hegemony as theorized by Antonio Gramsci. Using hegemony as my theoretical framework, my research findings demonstrate how bilingual education programs in Guatemala are actually part and parcel of the government’s attempts to secure hegemony in Mayan communities, where its authority over and within these communities is still a source of great contention. The goal of my research is to explore counter-hegemonic forms of resistance in indigenous communities in Guatemala where communities can pursue self-determination, including but not limited to exercising autonomy over their communities’ education.
My methodology is based on Patti Lather’s critical research paradigm, which assumes that “discourse is embedded in (and controlled by) rhetorical and political purpose” (2006). My research goes beyond the rhetoric of the Guatemalan government’s stated interests in “pluriculturalism” and bilingual education, proceeding to analysis of the ideological underpinnings of these policies. Indigenous communities participate in formal education in higher numbers since implementation of bilingual education, but the Guatemalan government continuez its assimilationist policy towards the country’s Mayan peoples.

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