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2009 - International Communication Association Pages: 36 pages || Words: 9363 words || 
1. Arpan, Laura., Bae, Beom., Chen, Yen-Shen. and Greene, Gary. "Does Humor Attenuate Hostility? A Comparison of Hostile Media Perceptions of News and Late-Night Comedy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott, Chicago, IL, May 20, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2019-09-15 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Politicians, scholars, and young viewers have been paying increased attention to political content in late night comedy over the past decade. Because young viewers report often learning about political issues from late night comedy, and thus, seem to treat the content as a source of news, the current study examined perceptions of bias in comedy content as compared to those for mainstream, broadcast news. A Hostile Media Effect was found for political content across five comedy shows, with Republican participants perceiving more bias across topics than Democratic participants. Additionally, exposure to news content was found to moderate the effect of political partisanship on perceptions of bias in news and comedy, suggesting that the use of a media bias heuristic explained bias ratings for both types of content.

2015 - ASEEES Convention Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
2. Bustikova-Siroky, Lenka. "Policy Hostility, Group Hostility and Voting for Radical Right: Micro-Level Evidence from Slovakia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASEEES Convention, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Nov 19, 2015 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-09-15 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Are radical right voters more xenophobic than voters of other parties? Although conventional wisdom indicates a positive relationship, evidence linking xenophobia and voting for extremist parties is surprisingly weak. Using an original survey in Slovakia, with an embedded survey experiment, the results indicate that indignation over governmental transfers towards a politically backed minority -- and not group hostility -- is the single strongest predictor of radical right voting. Extremist parties rally against ethnic minorities. Do radical right voters exhibit higher levels of group hostility towards non-titular ethnic groups when compared to other voters? Evidence that high levels of xenophobia, both at the individual and aggregate levels, are linked to correspondingly robust voting support for extremist parties is surprisingly weak. Loathing minorities in countries with vibrant neo-Nazi, skinhead and hooligan sub-culture, often ideologically aligned with right-wing extremist parties, does not mechanically translate into support for extreme/radical right parties either. This article argues that xenophobia is too common to explain the dynamic of voting for the radical right. I show that electoral support for radical right parties originates in policy hostility and in political aversion towards minorities but not in-group hostility. Radical right voters are not driven by xenophobia but by dissatisfaction with the policies of accommodation advanced by political parties on behalf of minorities. Radical right voters are unique, I argue, because their primary commitment is opposition to political concessions granted to politically backed minority groups.

2015 - SRCD Biennial Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
3. Buehler, Cheryl., Weymouth, Bridget. and Zhou, Nan. "Marital Hostility and Parent-Youth Hostility during Early Adolescence" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SRCD Biennial Meeting, Pennsylvania Convention Center and the Philadelphia Marriott Downtown Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Mar 19, 2015 <Not Available>. 2019-09-15 <>
Publication Type: Individual Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Existing research on the interconnections between marital and parent-child relationships has largely focused on how marital relationships affect parent-child relationships. Family systems theory, however, suggests that individuals and subsystems are interdependent, such that they are associated contemporaneously and over time (Cox & Paley, 1997). This study examined cross-lagged associations between marital and parent-youth hostility during early adolescence (6th to 9th grades). Youth gender, youths’ appraisals of threat associated with witnessing marital conflict, and parents' depressive symptoms were examined as moderators and represent individual factors from the dyads that might further explain associations.

Data were utilized from a longitudinal study of two-parent families with a youth that was in 6th grade at Wave 1 of data collection (N = 416) (Buehler, 2006). Marital and parent-adolescent hostility were measured via observer ratings (Melby & Conger, 2001). Youth perceived threat associated with interparental conflict and parent depressive symptoms were measured via youth and parent self-report, respectively (α range .80 - .92). Mother-adolescent and father-adolescent hostility were examined in separate models.
Data were analyzed using cross-lagged path analysis (AMOS 22) (see Figures 1 and 2). Higher 6th grade marital hostility was associated with increased 7th grade mother- and father-youth hostility. Higher 7th grade marital hostility was associated with increased 8th grade father-youth hostility. Higher 8th grade marital hostility was associated with increased 9th grade mother-youth hostility. Additionally, higher 6th grade mother-youth hostility was associated with greater 7th grade marital hostility. Father-youth hostility during 6th through 8th grades was associated with greater marital hostility when the youth was in 7th, 8th, and 9th grades. Youth gender did not moderate these findings.

To examine the moderating roles of youth perceived threat and parents’ depressive symptoms, several cut points were utilized: the top 33% of scores, the top 25% of scores, and for parents' depressive symptoms, the clinical cut point. Omnibus tests of the moderating effect of youth perceived threat were not significant in the mother or father models.

Omnibus tests of depressive symptoms were significant when using the clinical cut point in the mother model and the top 25% of depressive symptom scores in the father model. Higher 6th grade marital hostility was associated with increased 7th grade mother-youth hostility among families with mothers who met clinical levels of depressive symptoms. Higher 7th and 8th grade father-youth hostility were associated with greater 8th and 9th grade marital hostility, respectively, among families with fathers that scored in the top 25% of depressive symptoms. Significant cross-over effects of mothers' and fathers’ depressive symptoms were also found.

These findings suggest that in addition to spillover from marital to parent-youth relationships, expressed hostility also spills over from parent-youth to marital relationships. However, boundaries between marital and parent-child dyads may be more permeable in father-youth relationships than mother-youth relationships during early adolescence. Moreover, parents' depressive symptoms influence the interdependencies between marital and parent-youth relationships. Depressive symptoms may deplete psychological resources needed to address hostility and/or compromise parents’ abilities to manage boundaries between subsystems.

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