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Showing 1 through 4 of 4 records.
2015 - National Women's Studies Association Words: 98 words || 
1. Gray Fischer, Anne. "Sluts and Scum of the World: Hustlers, the Homophile Movement, and the War on Poverty in San Francisco" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Women's Studies Association, Wisconsin Center, Milwaukee, WI, <Not Available>. 2019-07-23 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Abstract: This paper examines the intersection of welfare liberalism and the politics of hustling through the homophile campaign to win War on Poverty funding for the sexual- and gender-nonconforming residents of San Francisco’s Tenderloin. In 1966, homophile activists collaborated with Vanguard, an organization led by Tenderloin hustlers, to combat the poverty that accompanied the criminalization of nonnormative sexual practices and gender presentation. As Vanguard and local homophile leaders scrimmaged for authority in the local antipoverty initiative, this case study illuminates the shifting tactics and trade-offs in the fight to expand the scope of inclusion in the liberal welfare state.

2012 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 7847 words || 
2. Woodward, Kerry. "Workers, Hustlers, and the Downwardly Mobile: Cultural Capital and Orientations to Work among Welfare-reliant Women" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Colorado Convention Center and Hyatt Regency, Denver, CO, Aug 16, 2012 Online <PDF>. 2019-07-23 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper explores welfare-reliant women’s orientations toward work and the types of cultural capital they possess. Based on a year’s worth of participant observation in two welfare offices, I found three ideal types of welfare-reliant women : hustlers, workers, and the downwardly mobile. Each group possessed different types and amounts of cultural capital, and therefore viewed work and economic survival through a somewhat different lens. By understanding these three different groups of women, scholars and welfare programs may be better able to assess the varieties of cultural capital different welfare participants have and what types of resources or support would be most beneficial for them.

2015 - American Society of Criminology – 71st Annual Meeting Words: 63 words || 
3. Hunt, Donald. and Wright, Richard. "“Can a Hustler Get a Tip?”: Exploring Offender Decision Making Inside the Culture of Cash" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology – 71st Annual Meeting, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, Nov 17, 2015 <Not Available>. 2019-07-23 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Offender decision making has been examined in the context of various types of crime, but rarely within the realm of the shadow economy. Drawing on interviews with active ticket scalpers in the southeast United States, this study explores the decision-making process of such offenders, focusing on the interplay of expertise, target selection and deterrence. Policy implications and future research are discussed.

2009 - 33rd Annual National Council for Black Studies Words: 408 words || 
4. Benson, Richard. "In the Spirit of the Hustlers Convention...: HIP HOP, the Emcee as Griot, and use of the ‘Counter Narrative’ in the context of CRT" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 33rd Annual National Council for Black Studies, Renaissance Atlanta Hotel Downtown, Atlanta, GA, <Not Available>. 2019-07-23 <>
Publication Type: Panelist Abstract
Abstract: The significance of Hip-Hop culture to the progression of the American society is as vital as the liberation ideology of the Black Power Movement. The inception and progression of Hip-Hop culture has meant the perpetuation of financial growth and prosperity to American society which has influenced the globe. These influences have been vital in shaping the scope of race and race consciousness in the socialization of the world and how individuals are perceived in the dominant sphere. Although, in the growth process of Hip-Hop there have been paradigm shifts that have helped to aid the perpetuation of negative stereotypes. These shifts in the culture of Hip-Hop deserve an analysis and critique to honor the marginalized people of American society that invented an art form as a medium of expression. This work provides not only a socio- historical perspective and legacy of the inception of Hip-Hop and the emcee, but it will be aided by the methodological framework of Critical Race Theory (CRT) to analyze the effectiveness of the urban griot and his/her legacy.

The tenets of Critical Race Theory have created a methodology that has been able to address the legal aspects of racism and in American society. The political, social, economic and educational aspects of American livelihood have maintained the ideology of a dominant ethnocentric framework that has maintained a consistent Eurocentric paradigm for the benefit of the dominant class. CRT has given the academician and society a scope of deconstruction that has been beneficial for comprehension of racism. Critical Race Theory has been able to show why racism has impacted the social fabric of American ideology which has transitioned to impact the globe. In conjunction with the art of the emcee, the facet of Hip-Hop that deserves further exploration is the legacy and use of the emcee as griot to provide the aspect of a social, economic and political counter narrative of peripherized peoples in urbanized spaces on a global scale. The act of actually hearing the voice of the subject in qualitative work aids in the deconstruction process of alienating those who the research is about.

In conjunction with the phenomenon of Hip-Hop, this work speaks to CRTs methodological use and potential as a pedagogical tool that addresses the multifaceted aspects of the ‘counter narrative’ in the legacy of griots and poets such as: Gil Scott-Heron, The Last Poets, The Watts Prophets, Amiri Baraka, and Haki Madhubuti.

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