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2003 - American Sociological Association Pages: 12 pages || Words: 3397 words || 
1. Gordy, Laurie. "The Gendered World of Sports: An Analysis of Sports Illustrated for Women and Sports Illustrated" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Atlanta Hilton Hotel, Atlanta, GA, Aug 16, 2003 Online <.PDF>. 2019-09-15 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: There has been increased media attention to women's sports over the past 5-10 years. No where is this more evident than with the creation of a magazine devoted to just women's sports -- Sports Illustrated for Women. Scholars assessing the presentation of female athletes by the media have generally concluded that the small amount of coverage given to female athletes has often been stereotypical and based on male athletic norms. Using content analysis of the feature stories in Sports Illustrated for Women and Sports Illustrated for the year 2001, this study explores how the gender of the intended audience shapes the definitions of sport, of athlete, and of female athlete. Sports is interpreted more broadly and a wide range of female athleticism is presented in Sports Illustrated for Women. However in Sports Illustrated, sports is interpreted more hierarchically, sports coverage is generally limited to the three major male professional sports (baseball, basketball, and football) and female athletes are included in very limited sports roles. To make it into the male world of sports coverage, female athletes have to be either in the gender appropriate and sexy sport of tennis or in the high audience drawing sport of basketball. Two very different realities of female athletes are constructed depending on the magazine one views. With the existence of the two sports magazines and the types of images presented in the magazines, the message is females can play whatever sport they want as long as they play in their own court.

2010 - 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions Words: 416 words || 
2. Okawa, Kana. and Kato, Kazuto. "Making scientific illustrations: communication and collaboration between scientists and illustrators" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions, Komaba I Campus, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, Aug 25, 2010 <Not Available>. 2019-09-15 <>
Publication Type: Paper Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Scientific illustration is the depiction of objects and concepts in order to record and to convey scientific knowledge. In previous studies, it has been concluded that use of scientific illustrations is effective to promote understanding of science.
To create scientific illustrations, some scientists collaborate with illustrators. Successful collaboration among scientists and illustrators is an important element to make effective illustration. On the other hand, it has been suggested that scientists and illustrators occasionally have difficulties in communication, and those difficulties inhibit successful process of making illustrations. Scientific illustrations have been studied in the fields such as science education, psychology, and sociology of scientific knowledge. In addition, collaboration between scientists and illustrators has been studied by historians of science. In science communication, however, there are little insights on the details of current situation in communication and collaboration between scientists and illustrators.
The purpose of this study is to consider what is needed for successful collaboration and communication between scientists and illustrators, by describing and analyzing a case of current status. We would like to show indications gained from two investigations: a participatory observation in producing a brochure, “Stem Cell Handbook”, for publicity of a research center, and semi-structured interviews with 11 professional illustrators, designers and art directors.
First, from the description by participatory observation we would like to show that collaboration of producing scientific illustrations is a process of creating ideas on the basis of shared knowledge between scientists and illustrators. In addition, it is suggested that different views of deformation of scientific knowledge in illustrations may cause a conflict between scientists and illustrators.
Second, we would like to show the results of semi-structured interviews that indicate some illustrators feel difficulties in communicating with scientists because of scientist’s negative attitude toward communication, scientist’s unclear explanation about their images of illustrations, and restrictions on communication depending on malfunction of institutional systems. It is also suggested that illustrators put emphasis on communicating the understanding of clear message when they discuss deformation of scientific knowledge in illustration.
In conclusion, these results indicate that scientists and illustrators need to be aware of each other’s special and local knowledge, and communicate and share their knowledge to facilitate collaboration. This shows the necessity of paying more attention to both of scientists and illustrators in the collaboration of creating scientific illustrations. Thus, this study suggests that illustrators collaborating with scientists are important actors in the field of STS and science communication. The implication of this research will provide a new perspective to discussions on these fields.

2007 - Mathematical Association of America Words: 64 words || 
3. Lotesto, Dan. "Using Average Velocity to Illustrate FTC" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Mathematical Association of America, The Fairmont Hotel, San Jose, CA, Aug 03, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-09-15 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: In the process of applying formulas in particle motion problems, students often forget the power of how these formulas are connected. By exploring the concept of average velocity via both a position function's secant line slope on an interval and the average value of it's corresponding velocity function on that interval, students can come to a better appreciation of the power of the FTC.

2007 - The American Studies Association Words: 508 words || 
4. Lewis, Adam. ""William Walker, Of Nicaragua": Filibusters, Illustrated Newspapers, and the Malleability of Imperial Citizenship" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The American Studies Association, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, Oct 11, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-09-15 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The filibustering of William Walker in Nicaragua during the 1850s presents a significant though often overlooked moment in U.S. history that unsettles the political and legal borders distinguishing domestic space from the foreign, which in turn complicates the boundaries of national identity. While at first glance Walker’s brief takeover of Nicaragua and the reinstitution of slavery in that country appear as an unconventional assertion of an individual U.S. citizen seeking personal power, recent scholarship has situated Walker and other filibusters firmly within the context of national territorial expansion, fueled by the ideology of Manifest Destiny. However, little critical attention has been paid to how Walker was figured as both a U.S. national subject and a “foreign” ruler in the popular press and at mass political rallies. Moreover, Nicaragua was also simultaneously understood as a part of and apart from “America,” laying bare inherent contradictions embedded within the legitimizing strategies that underwrote imperial expansion.

This paper attends to these contradictions by focusing on representations of both Walker’s and Nicaragua’s equivocal relationship to the United States during the 1850s. Accounts of Walker’s assertion of empire in daily and weekly periodicals served as cultural spaces that simultaneously delimited and extended the location of “America.” In particular, new technologies in print and visual culture such as illustrated newspapers played a significant role in depicting Walker as both a national hero and a legitimate foreign ruler. Written and pictorial accounts published in Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, for example, helped produce and reproduce the contradictions of U.S. imperialism, gendered and racialized national identity, and the unstable relations between domestic and foreign space, all of which point to the difficulty of defining the legal, cultural, and social place of “America.” In Leslie’s, Walker was positioned as both “American” and “Nicaraguan,” while the Central American country itself was represented as destined to be incorporated within the American home and also figured as immutably foreign.

This paper seeks to engage some of the stakes of American Studies in a transnational context, particularly the ways in which attempts to incorporate new places and peoples within the space of “America” often elicited cultural conflict and an indecisive national response. The representations of Walker’s short-lived conquest of Nicaragua found in this particular archive register the complex relations among new forms of media, empire-building, and the ambivalent attempt to construct discrete, coherent national spaces and identities at a time of great tension and transformation both within the U.S. and the larger world-system. This particular historical moment within the long history of U.S. empire also provides an unique occasion to consider the divergent means of legitimating imperial violence. How do we situate the U.S. government’s condemnation of private armies attacking sovereign countries in relation to state-sanctioned violence? Are these antagonistic, or can they be understood as working together in an attempt to forcefully redraw the boundaries of America? These, and other questions, will help critically situate one of the many transnational spaces marked by violence that shape the American past.

2008 - The Association for Women in Psychology Words: 50 words || 
5. Cote, Renee. "Was My Mother Schizophrenic? A Search for Truth, a Transformation. Illustrated book published February 2008." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Association for Women in Psychology, Hilton San Diego - Mission Valley, San Diego, CA, Mar 13, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-09-15 <>
Publication Type: Poster
Abstract: I never knew why my mother had been locked up in a psychiatric hospital in Québec for nearly 30 years, 1942-1970. We rarely talked about her and hardly visited her. It took me 12 years to reconstruct and publish her story with photographs (1996-2008). “Very moving and poignant” (Phyllis Chesler).

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