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2003 - American Sociological Association Pages: 30 pages || Words: 7379 words || 
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1. Farley, John. "Residential Interracial Exposure Indices: Mean vs. Median Indices, and the Difference It Makes" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Atlanta Hilton Hotel, Atlanta, GA, Aug 16, 2003 Online <.PDF>. 2019-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p108074_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Interracial exposure (p*) indices have been widely-used in studies of residential racial segregation. However, a recent pilot study raised serious issues about the use of these indices, because they are based on the mean statistic, which may yield misleading results in the case of skewed distributions, as is often the case with census tract racial compositions. An alternative median exposure index (p*-md) is proposed, and mean and median indices of white-to-African American and African American-to-white exposure are compared for the fifty largest metropolitan areas in the United States. The analysis shows that the two measures produce different results, and that these differences are maximized in those areas that are most segregated and, for African American-to-white exposure, in areas where the largest number of African Americans live. This creates significant problems in the interpretation and use of mean exposure indices, and in most cases, the median exposure index yields a result more representative of the residential neighborhood exposure of the majority of whites and African Americans.

2011 - International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition" Pages: 7 pages || Words: 4441 words || 
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2. Sinai, Joshua. "Indications and Warning Indicators for Terrorist Warfare’s Crossing the Threshold into Causing Weak and Failing State and Where Governments Succeed in Preventing Their Collapse" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA, Mar 16, 2011 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p499264_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper will apply several theoretical, epistemological and ontological approaches within the discipline of international studies to examine discrete indications & warning (I&W) indicators that need to be identified as preemptively as possible in order to forecast the threshold at which terrorist insurgencies begin to succeed in severely weakening the ability of central governments to maintain control over their countries in several significant governance areas (e.g., territorial control, physical security, inadequate provision of fundamental public services, etc.). One of the hypotheses to be tested is that it is the terrorist actors that play a key role in undermining central government authority and effectiveness. Another assumption is that identifying the threshold for insurgent success or failure is key to effective preemptive intervention and the prevention of protracted and costly terrorist insurgencies. The recent cases of terrorist insurgencies in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Somalia and Yemen will be used as case studies of weak and failing states, while Israel, Saudi Arabia and Sri Lanka will be used as examples where terrorist insurgencies have failed to weaken the central government and state order. A distinction will also be made between terrorism and guerrilla warfare, because in some of these cases insurgents have used both types of warfare.

2011 - 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society Words: 226 words || 
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3. Mawhinney, Hanne. "Civic health indices in the United States: Benchmarking indicators of citzenship" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Apr 30, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p494121_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Focusing on first-ever Maryland Civic Health Index, this paper describes a pioneering initiative to create state level indices of civic health as a part of a benchmark initiative for annual assessments of civic health in the United States under the authority of the Edward M. Kennedy Serve America Act. The Maryland Civic Health Index, a collaboration between the Maryland Commission on Civic Literacy, important civic partners, and the National Conference on Citizenship, is an analysis of state data that is included in the National Conference on Citizenship's 2010 National Civic Health Index. U.S. Census data was used to create the annual Index. The paper first reports on the overall patterns of civic engagement in the first-ever Maryland Civic Health Index. These patterns reveal that the Free State finds itself ahead of the national average on almost every major indicator of civic health. Marylanders are highly connected to information, discuss issues and politics often, and vote in greater proportions than the national average. More Maryland citizens are members of organized groups and are leaders of those groups than is the norm nationally. The paper also describes results of the Maryland's first-ever Civic Literacy Summit. At the Summit, several hundred Maryland educators, leaders, and citizens reflected on the state's civic health and made a series of recommendations for ways to improve it.

2011 - American Psychology - Law Society / 4th International Congress of Psychology and Law Words: 100 words || 
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4. Taylor, Paul., Tomblin, Samuel., Conchie, Stacey. and Menacere, Tarek. "Linguistic indicators of deception in some cultures are indicators of truth in others" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society / 4th International Congress of Psychology and Law, Hyatt Regency Miami, Miami, FL, Mar 02, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p483266_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This research is the first investigation of how linguistic indicators of lying vary across culture. Participants (N = 320) from four cultural backgrounds (Asian, Black African, East European, White British) completed a catch-the-liar task in which they provided genuine and fabricated statements about either past experience or an opinion/counter-opinion. Analysis of their statements showed that some indicators (e.g., use of negative emotion words) occurred more often in deceptive statements regardless of culture. However, the occurrences of other indicators (e.g., first-person and third-person pronouns) were reversed across cultures, in a manner consistent with the predictions of individualism–collectivism theory.

2005 - International Communication Association Pages: 35 pages || Words: 9569 words || 
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5. Shanahan, James., Nisbet, Erik., Diels, Janie., Hardy, Bruce. and Besley, John. "Cultural Indicators: Integrating Measures of Meaning with Economic and Social Indicators" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Sheraton New York, New York City, NY, Online <PDF>. 2019-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p14727_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: While measures to indicate social progress, “social indicators,” have been discussed periodically and seem to be returning to the fore, and the importance of economic indicators remains undisputed, empirical measures of cultural states in comparison remain rather undeveloped. Thus, there is no existing program for systematically gathering data that goes beyond simple indices of social welfare to reflect cultural states in which meaning is embedded. This paper is a first step in a theoretical reexamination of Gerbner’s original formulation of cultural indicators, as well as a roadmap for future work. We present a basic review of the main historical, theoretical, and applied aspects of established economic, social, and environmental indicators in order to develop a conceptual framework for integrating empirical measures of meaning with indices of social and economic conditions. Furthermore, we use the topic of violence and crime to demonstrate how an integrated framework combining social and cultural indicators may be applied to measure social welfare.

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