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2016 - ICA's 66th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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1. Benefield, Grace. and Shen, Cuihua. "Group and Individual Network Measures Predict Individual Performance in an MMOG" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 66th Annual Conference, Hilton Fukuoka Sea Hawk, Fukuoka, Japan, Jun 09, 2016 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-05-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1107815_index.html>
Publication Type: Extended Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In this study, individual-level and group-level network effects are tested against individual performance in a Massively Multiplayer Online Game. Across three distinct types of networks, the preliminary results suggests that there are individual costs to being centrally located in the character-character network, but there are some individual performance benefits to being a member of a guild with ideal intra- and inter-group network structures.

2017 - APSA Annual Meeting & Exhibition Pages: unavailable || Words: 4644 words || 
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2. Kidder, Paul. "Individualism and the Single Individual: Kierkegaard and Tocqueville’s America" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA Annual Meeting & Exhibition, TBA, San Francisco, CA, <Not Available>. 2019-05-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1248308_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Alexis de Tocqueville’s account of 19th-century American political culture puts great emphasis on Americans’ belief in individualism and the authority of individual opinion. Yet despite their passionate profession of such beliefs he finds that Americans are, in fact, unusually susceptible to the power of public opinion. This ironic state of affairs results in public opinion exercising its authority in unnoticed and unsuspected ways, narrowing the range of public discourse and creating an insidious psychological vehicle for social biases and, potentially, tyranny of the majority. Tocqueville goes so far as to say, “I do not know any country where, in general, less independence of mind and genuine freedom of discussion reign than in America.” Tocqueville’s account of this state of affairs forms a striking parallel to features of Søren Kierkegaard’s account of Danish society and “Christendom” generally. For this reason Kierkegaard’s theories regarding what it means to be a “single individual,” or authentic human subject, provide a basis for addressing the question as to what might constitute a more consistent individualism within the American context than the somewhat naïve individualism described by Tocqueville. Genuine individualism, for Kierkegaard, must be won through efforts of introspection, self-appropriation, and critical reflection on social life, posing a much greater challenge to the individual than is typically associated with the formation of opinions in a democratic culture.

2015 - 15th Biennial Conference of the Society for Community Research and Action Words: 152 words || 
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3. Ecker, John., Aubry, Tim., Farrell, Susan., Klodawsky, Fran. and Hay, Elizabeth. "Individual, Housing, and Neighbourhood Level Predictors of Psychological Integration Among Vulnerably Housed and Homeless Individuals" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 15th Biennial Conference of the Society for Community Research and Action, UMass Lowell Inn & Conference Center, Lowell, MA, Jun 25, 2015 <Not Available>. 2019-05-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p995756_index.html>
Publication Type: Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Psychological integration is a benchmark within community psychology practice. The current longitudinal study evaluated the individual, housing, and neighbourhood level predictors of psychological integration among a population of homeless and vulnerably housed individuals. Participants were recruited at homeless shelters, meal programs, and rooming houses in Ottawa and participated in three in-person interviews, each approximately one year apart. Prospective and cross-sectional predictors of psychological integration at follow-up 1 and follow-up 2 were examined. There were 397 participants at baseline, 341 at follow-up 1 and 320 at follow-up 2. A hierarchical multiple regression uncovered several significant predictors of psychological integration. The most salient and common predictors were being older, having greater social support, living in high quality housing, and residing in a neighbourhood with a positive impact. Implications for service provision and policy advancements to better address psychological integration among homeless and vulnerably housed individuals are discussed.

2015 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 8187 words || 
Info
4. Choi, HwaJung., Elo, Irma. and Heisler, Michele. "Are Individuals Living in More Equal Counties Healthier than Individuals Living in More Unequal Counties?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Chicago and Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Aug 20, 2015 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-05-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1006585_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Using a propensity score matching technique, we examined the contextual effect of income inequality on health. After removing those who newly/recently moved into the area (<5 years), we further assessed which SES group showed an association between income inequality and health.
Bivariate analysis results from the unmatched sample show that adults living in high income-inequality counties have poorer health in all health measures (SRH, ADL, IADL, blood pressure, CESD, stroke, diabetes, psychiatric problem) except for heart problem. After propensity score matching, only the adverse association with self-rated health status (SRH) remained statistically significant at the 5% level. Psychiatric problems were also significantly more prevalent for adults living in high income-inequality counties when we compare adults who lived in the area at least 15 years. The significant association with poorer SRHS is likely to be observed between 40th and 80th wealth percentiles, between 40th and 90th income percentiles, and among individuals without college education.
The question of whether income inequality has a causal effect on health has been argued for several decades. Our findings suggest adverse effect of income inequality may exist in terms of self-rated general health status and psychiatric problem for middle- and high- economic groups (except for very high).

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