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Showing 1 through 5 of 4,198 records.
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2007 - American Sociological Association Pages: 29 pages || Words: 6818 words || 
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1. Aisenbrey, Silke. and Brueckner, Hannah. "Gender Inequality by Choice? The Effects of Aspirations on Gender Inequality in Wages" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, TBA, New York, New York City, Aug 11, 2007 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-04-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p183206_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Focusing on the role of occupational choices in maintaining gender stratification, this paper analyzes occupational aspirations and attainment among cohorts born between 1942 and 1964. Although male and female life course patterns have strongly converged among younger cohorts, the gender wage gap is still significant. In theory and in daily debates, the differences in choices and characteristics of men and women are seen as one of the main driving forces in gendered wage inequalities. Our analysis is structured around the question of how much choice matters for the gender wage gap. We start out with a longitudinal analysis showing that the between occupational gender wage gap decreases over time and is nearly closed for the younger cohorts. We then demonstrate that, for the youngest cohort, gender differences in human capital, family obligations, and work life characteristics do not account for the gender wage gap. We also show that it is not – as assumed by human capital theorists – gendered aspirations and expectations that drive the gender wage gap. Our findings support structural demand side theories assuming inequality in wages is mainly generated on the labor market through discrimination against women.

2008 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Words: 140 words || 
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2. Mandel, Hadas. "Configurations of Inequality: Understanding Cross-national Differences in Gender Economic Inequality" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Sheraton Boston and the Boston Marriott Copley Place, Boston, MA, <Not Available>. 2019-04-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p276166_index.html>
Publication Type: Invited Paper
Abstract: The study focuses on cross-national differences in patterns of gender economic inequality and their relation to both welfare state policies and prevailing conceptions of gender equality. It shows that each of the typical patterns of state intervention is accompanied by an uneven record of achievements and failures in promoting different aspects of gender equality. Moreover, the very success of a policy on one count is the source of its limitations on another. These tradeoffs can best be understood in relation to the ideological contexts in which gender-related policies are embedded. Empirical illustrations of the theoretical arguments are provided for fourteen countries representing Esping-Andersen's welfare regimes. The different character of gender stratification across these countries is illustrated by their distinctive configurations of labor force participation, women's placement in the occupational and wage hierarchies, women's economic wellbeing, and autonomy from male partners.

2008 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Words: 1 words || 
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3. Tomaskovic-Devey, Donald. and Avent-Holt, Dustin. "Producing Inequality: Economic Sociology and Workplace Inequality" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Sheraton Boston and the Boston Marriott Copley Place, Boston, MA, <Not Available>. 2019-04-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p273396_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript

2009 - ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE" Pages: 27 pages || Words: 9743 words || 
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4. Rogowski, Ronald. "What Changes Inequality Within States, and What Does Inequality Change?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE", New York Marriott Marquis, NEW YORK CITY, NY, USA, Feb 15, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2019-04-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p313288_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The recent and well-documented rise in inequality within most industrialized democracies challenges our received, post-Kuznets view about how inequality changes over time and what changes it. Other recent research calls equally into question well-establi

2010 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 5879 words || 
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5. Murase, Yoichi., Takei, Isao. and Sakamoto, Arthur. "Attitudinal Foundations of Rising Inequality: Equalization Policy and Cognition of Inequality in Korea and Japan" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Atlanta and Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, GA, Aug 14, 2010 Online <PDF>. 2019-04-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p410579_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In many countries increasing social and economic inequalities are large problems. However there have been many neoliberalism policies to reduce government expenditures and welfare policies for these decades. We analyzed the attitude toward the government interference in economics and redistribution policy by using survey data in Korea and Japan. We pointed out the mechanism of the attitude on equality by Structural Equation Model (SEM).
The purpose of this study is to clarify the determinants of preference and the cognition of inequality in current society by statistical analysis. About the results, education and economic status related with the preference for equality and equalization policy in both countries. However, age had strong effect to the preference and cognition in Korea. There were some other variables related with cognition of inequality (the gap between rich and poor) in current society. Living length at current residence, authoritarian attitude had effects to the cognition. The causal mechanisms of preference and cognition were different between residential areas in Korea and Japan. We considered it was the result of large social change (industrialization and urbanization) in both countries and the effect of traditional values to people’s preference and cognition.

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