Guest  

 
Search: 
Search By: SubjectAbstractAuthorTitleFull-Text

 

Showing 1 through 5 of 7,620 records.
Pages: Previous - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ... 1524 - Next  Jump:
2006 - International Studies Association Words: 158 words || 
Info
1. Dixon, Gregory. "Changing IGO Institutions and State Behavior: How Domestic Institutions Affect State Behavior in the Context of IGO Institutional Change" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA, Mar 22, 2006 <Not Available>. 2018-11-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p97920_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: As the UN, the EU, and several other significant IGO?s debate changes to their core institutions, institutional design at the IGO level has become a topic of great discussion among policy-makers. The design of IGO institutions is an important consideration in examining how member states act. Changes in IGO institutions will cause changes in member states? behavior, but these changes will not affect all member states equally. The character of the changes in the IGO institutions should affect member states differently depending on the nature of their domestic political institutions. Comparing dispute behavior at the GATT and WTO, this paper demonstrates how the change in the Dispute Settlement Mechanism within the trade regime had a greater effect on democratic states than one their non-democratic counterparts. At a time when a number of major IGO?s are seeking to change their institutions, this paper adds an important element to consider how such changes will affect the behavior of member states.

2005 - Southern Political Science Association Pages: 24 pages || Words: 11317 words || 
Info
2. Gronke, Paul. and Cook, Timothy. "The Institutions-Incumbents Gap: A Reassessment of Institutional Support and Approval for Members of Institutions in American Government" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, Inter-Continental Hotel, New Orleans, LA, Jan 06, 2005 <Not Available>. 2018-11-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p67278_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In this paper, we reevaluate the claim of a “gap” between support for institutions and support
for members, forwarded more forcefully by Hibbing and Theiss-Morse (1995). Here we show
that the institutions / members gap is historically contingent. In 2002, six months after the
terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center, and after an historic rally in public acclaim for
social and political institutions, we far a far smaller gap. The constellation of public opinion
toward institutions, then, seems to be more responsive to public events than some previous
theories have found.

2008 - APSA 2008 Annual Meeting Pages: 36 pages || Words: 9963 words || 
Info
3. Fuller, Douglas. "Importing Institutions to Enhance Performance: How Foreign Financial Institutions Ameliorate Institutional Deficiencies in China’s Political Economy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA 2008 Annual Meeting, Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts, Aug 28, 2008 Online <APPLICATION/DOWNLOAD>. 2018-11-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p278572_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper argues that there has been a common assumption in the field of comparative political economy that the key institutions of a given domestic political economy are relatively mutually reinforcing and tightly interconnected with at best some small friction in the interaction between the key parts. Mutually reinforcing and tightly interconnected institutions are ones with institutional complementarities where the arrangements in one institutional domain impact the difference in utility in another institutional domain. This paper dubs this assumption the holistic view of comparative political economy. Within the holistic view, interaction with foreign institutions can only lead to two outcomes. In the robust outcome, foreign institutions have little effect on the operation of domestic institutions. In the fragile outcome, the intrusion of foreign institutions disrupts the delicate balance of institutions within the domestic political economy with grave consequences for the economy.
Arguing against the assumption that the holistic view is correct, the paper provides evidence of successful use of importing foreign institutions in China. Importing institutions is utilizing the institutional effects of institutions located abroad. It is not imitation or transfer of foreign institutions to be re-built within the domestic political economy. In the case of China, the financial institutions of advanced capitalism have encouraged technological development that China’s own financial institutions failed to provide. Thus, this importation of foreign institutions far from being disruptive has had an ameliorative effect on China’s economy and calls into question the basic assumption of the holistic view.

2008 - APSA 2008 Annual Meeting Pages: 25 pages || Words: 12510 words || 
Info
4. Schmidt, Vivien. "From Historical Institutionalism to Discursive Institutionalism: Explaining Institutional Change in Political Economy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA 2008 Annual Meeting, Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts, Aug 28, 2008 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2018-11-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p278339_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: To explain change in comparative political economy, a ‘discursive institutionalist’ approach focused on ideas and discourse is a necessary complement to older ‘new institutionalist’ approaches. Historical institutionalist approaches have difficulty explaining change, tend to be static and equilibrium-focused; and even where they get beyond this through accounts of incremental change, they are more descriptive than they are explanatory of change. The turn to rational choice institutionalist approaches for agency, for ‘micro-foundations’ to historical institutionalist ‘macro-patterns,’ also does not solve the problems of historical institutionalism. A turn to discursive institutionalism could. Using examples of reforms in national political economies and welfare states, the paper illustrates how ideas and discourse help explain the dynamics of change (and continuity).

2004 - International Studies Association Words: 352 words || 
Info
5. Powers, Kathy. "Trade Institutions as Security Institutions: RTAs, Civil War and Ethnic Conflict" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Le Centre Sheraton Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Mar 17, 2004 <Not Available>. 2018-11-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p73401_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Regional trade agreements (RTAs) are trade institutions that can also be security institutions. Trade institutions specify rules for trade among members. RTAs are a type of trade institution that specifies rules for trade liberalization among a limited number of states. Trade promotes peace and reduces conflict is a popular liberal tenet among scholars and policy makers. Consequently, conventional wisdom suggests that increased trade flows because of RTA membership as well as shared membership in a RTA should indirectly diminish militarized conflict among member states. Mansfield and Pevehouse (2000) examined how RTA membership shapes interstate conflict while Powers (2001) examined how RTA security integration influences this type of conflict. Little work in the trade and conflict literature or institutions and conflict literature considers trade, RTAs and a different scale of conflict, intra-state war, which includes civil war and ethnic conflict. Schneider et al (2003) addresses this gap by examining the relationship between regional economic integration through RTAs and civil war but does not consider RTA structure in the analysis. This paper builds on this work by evaluating the consequences of variation in RTA security integration for intrastate conflict within member states. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is an example of an RTA in which members have integrated in the security arena extensively. It is a customs union that possesses military alliances, dispute settlement mechanisms and a military force that serves peacekeeping and defense purposes. ECOWAS used its military force to intervene in a peacekeeping capacity in the Liberian and Sierra Leone civil wars in the 1990s and the recent Ivory Coast crisis. The objectives of this paper are twofold: (a) I illustrate how regional trade agreements (RTAs) can also be security institutions. These trade institutions often sign military alliance agreements like mutual defense pacts, non-aggression pacts, and ententes agreements within the RTA structure (b) I present descriptive statistics about RTA security integration and intrastate war and perform a simple test of the influence of RTA security structure on the likelihood of militarized intrastate conflict within member states. As an initial step, I examine African RTAs and intrastate conflict from 1950-1992.

Pages: Previous - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ... 1524 - Next  Jump:

©2018 All Academic, Inc.   |   All Academic Privacy Policy