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2018 - ACJS 55th Annual Meeting Words: 130 words || 
1. Liu, Siyu. and Lee, Jonathan. "Interpersonal Safety Net? The Role of Youth’s Interpersonal Relationships in School Violence" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ACJS 55th Annual Meeting, Hilton New Orleans Riverside, New Orleans, LA, Feb 13, 2018 <Not Available>. 2019-11-19 <>
Publication Type: Paper Presentation
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Social learning theory maintains that individuals model their behaviors after others through interactions, and frequent interactions facilitate behavioral reinforcement. As a child is growing up, his/her peers, parents, and teachers are the most salient and powerful models to help form behavioral patterns. Taking advantage of the expansive coverage of Pennsylvania Youth Survey (PAYS) data, we aim to explore two main research questions: 1). What are the roles of these individual-level relationship predictors (with parents, with peers, and with teachers) in youth violence? and 2) How do these indicators, when aggregate to school level, affect the outcome of school violence? The study contributes to the literature by a comparative examination of the multi-faceted relationships in youth’s life and offer implications for facilitating better interpersonal relationship climate for school-based violence prevention programs.

2003 - International Communication Association Pages: 33 pages || Words: 7048 words || 
2. Vishwanath, Arun. "HOW INTERPERSONAL TRUST MANIFESTS ONLINE BEHAVIOR: A case study exploring the impact of societal levels of interpersonal trust on the utilization of online source credible information." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA, May 27, 2003 Online <.PDF>. 2019-11-19 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: As the Internet continues to expand globally, the understanding of the micro level connections between culture and online interaction is vital from a scientific perspective. The current study explores the effects of societal values of interpersonal trust on online interactions. Using data from the World Values Survey and Inglehart’s (1997) scores of interpersonal trust, the study compares the effect of seller feedback ratings on online auction participation in three economically similar but culturally distinct countries, Canada, France and Germany. The results indicate a significant interaction between culture, interpersonal trust levels and seller ratings on bidder participant. Cultures exhibiting high levels of interpersonal trust tend to participate in online auctions irrespective of the sellers feedback ratings. However, in low trust cultures, seller ratings have a significant effect on bidders. The extent of the effect seems to depend on the degree of trust and the variation in seller ratings.

2015 - International Communication Association 65th Annual Conference Words: 55 words || 
3. Walther, Joseph. "Interpersonal Uncertainty and Interpersonal Communication in Traditional and Mediated Encounters: A New Theoretical Perspective" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association 65th Annual Conference, Caribe Hilton, San Juan, Puerto Rico, May 20, 2015 <Not Available>. 2019-11-19 <>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This essay articulates a new perspective defining interpersonal impressions and interpersonal communication as based distinctly on contingent, interactive exchanges. It critiques extant theories of uncertainty reduction and interpersonal epistemologies as incomplete, and argues how a more definitive approach can help understand ironic and ineffective uses of new media in attempting to learn about prospective interactants.

2015 - SRCD Biennial Meeting Words: 497 words || 
4. Rose, Amanda., Glick, Gary., Schwartz-Mette, Rebecca. and Smith, Rhiannon. "The Relation Between Co-Rumination and Depressive Symptoms is Exacerbated by Interpersonal (But Not Non-Interpersonal) Hassles" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SRCD Biennial Meeting, Pennsylvania Convention Center and the Philadelphia Marriott Downtown Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, <Not Available>. 2019-11-19 <>
Publication Type: Presentation
Abstract: Co-rumination refers to extensively discussing problems and is characterized by rehashing problems, speculating about problems, and dwelling on negative affect (Rose, 2002). Although a number of studies have now examined co-rumination in friendship, important issues remain to be addressed. Although co-rumination is consistently found to be related to depression, the relations tend to be small. Co-rumination may be related to depression more strongly for some youth than others. The current study tests whether co-rumination is related to depressive symptoms most strongly for youth experiencing particular stressors. Also, research has examined friends’ tendency to co-ruminate but not the content of friends’ co-rumination. The current study examined the types of problems that co-ruminating adolescents typically discuss.

Exploring these questions was expected to highlight the interpersonal nature of co-rumination. Because interpersonal problems often are ambiguous and lack straightforward solutions, they are expected to be a prime focus of speculative, perseverative co-rumination. Additionally, the combination of co-rumination and interpersonal stressors is expected to predict depressive symptoms. Dwelling on potentially ambiguous and difficult-to-solve interpersonal problems may make the problems seem insurmountable and even more distressing. In contrast, the combination of co-rumination and non-interpersonal problems may not predict depressive symptoms. Dwelling on non-interpersonal problems may be less problematic because the parameters of non-interpersonal problems are typically better defined.

Adolescents (paired in 314 same-sex friend dyads) responded to the Co-Rumination Questionnaire (Rose, 2002), the Daily Hassles Questionnaire (Dubois et al., 2002; with subscale scores for peer, family, school, and sports hassles), and the Center for Epidemiologic Depression Scale (Radloff, 1977). The friends also discussed problems for 16 minutes. Their interactions were transcribed and thought units focused on problems were identified and timed (see Rose et al., in press). The content of each problem statement was coded. Friend dyads were given scores for the number of seconds spent discussing peer, family, school, and sports problems.

Multilevel models were tested with youth nested in friend dyads. Adolescents who reported greater co-rumination spent more time discussing peer and family problems, Standardized Parameter Estimates (SPEs) = .16 and .09, ps < .05. Co-rumination was unrelated to time spent discussing school and sports problems. Depressive symptoms were then predicted from co-rumination, each daily hassle, and their interaction (Table 1). Co-rumination and each daily hassle predicted depressive symptoms. The interaction between co-rumination and the daily hassle was significant for family hassles, marginal for peer hassles, and non-significant for school and sports hassles. Simple slope analyses indicated that co-rumination was unrelated to depressive symptoms for adolescents experiencing few family hassles, SPE = .06 F (1, 309) = 1.37, or peer hassles, SPE = .09, Fs (1, 307) = 3.07. However, co-rumination predicted greater depressive symptoms for adolescents experiencing family hassles, SPE = .23, F (1, 307) = 17.38, or peer hassles, SPE = .22, F (1, 307) = 17.38, ps < .0001. Youth who scored high on both co-rumination and peer or family hassles reported the greatest depressive symptoms (Figure 1). These results suggest an important interplay among interpersonal problems, co-rumination, and well-being.

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