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2005 - American Political Science Association Pages: 45 pages || Words: 10147 words || 
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1. Sturgis, Patrick. and Tilley, James. "Political Sophistication and Issue Voting: An Intra-Individual Level Analysis" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott Wardman Park, Omni Shoreham, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, Sep 01, 2005 <Not Available>. 2019-04-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p41516_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Much attention in political science has been devoted to an explication of how voters make use of issues to guide political preferences. The extant literature suggests that, while sophisticated voters make greater use of issue proximity in their electoral calculus, issues remain important to even the least politically knowledgeable of citizens. The empirical investigations on which this conclusion is based have relied on analysis of cross-sectional data. In this paper we use repeated measures data to investigate how intra-individual change in measures of issue proximity is related to intra-individual change in party evaluations. Individual change in the distance respondents place themselves from a party is shown to be strongly associated with change in evaluations of the party over the same time period but this relationship is moderated by existing levels of political awareness. For less sophisticated voters, neither a directional nor a spatial model of issue proximity appears to apply.

2005 - American Sociological Association Pages: 20 pages || Words: 5247 words || 
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2. pande, amrita. "Intra-household Resource Allocation in India: Is there a mother daughter link?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Marriott Hotel, Loews Philadelphia Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 12, 2005 Online <PDF>. 2019-04-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p22394_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: My paper will analyze whether, in India, a woman’s employment and control over the income she earns increases her say in household decision-making - specifically any association between her employment and the educational attainment of her daughter(s). I use the National Family Health survey of 91,196 households in 26 Indian states (1998-1999) to test the association between woman’s control over cash income earned from her employment outside the house and her household share of income – indicators of her bargaining power within the household – with her ability to spend on her daughter’s education. Researchers theorize that women with their own cash income have greater opportunities to leave the marriage if necessary. This increases their power within the household to allocate money for specific purposes like investment in child’s education in general and, in particular to the education of their sons versus their daughters. If mothers do exhibit preference for the well being of their daughters over their sons, then those who have greater control over their earnings and/or contribute a greater share to total household income and thus have a greater ability to bargain for their preferences in the household should allocate more money towards their daughters education and this should be reflected in the daughters’ level of schooling. I test two related hypothesis:
1. Increased maternal share of household income is associated with higher level of schooling for girls
2. Increased maternal control over earned income is associated with higher level of schooling for girls
Supporting Publications:
Supporting Document

2006 - American Sociological Association Pages: 13 pages || Words: 2858 words || 
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3. Song, Eun young. and Jang, YongSuk. "Learning Becomes Diversified: Intra-, Inter- and Supra-national Learning Effects from Airline Accidents" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Montreal Convention Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Aug 10, 2006 Online <PDF>. 2019-04-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p103942_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Existing literature on airline accidents has been limited to errors of workers (e.g. pilots and maintenance personnel) or a single firm's failure. On the contrary, this research focuses on learning from undesirable experiences and examines hypotheses: strength of Middleness, effect of alliance membership and the global safety guidelines using a sample of 3368 accidents of the non-US commercial airliners in the world, from 1945 to 2005.

2004 - International Studies Association Pages: 38 pages || Words: 12259 words || 
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4. James, Thompson. "Patterns of Power In Europe: Off-Shore Balancing and Intra-Alliance Dynamics in the New Millenium" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Le Centre Sheraton Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Mar 17, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-04-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p73759_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Power politics in Europe persists into the 21st Century, following similar patterns as it has in the past, although the means and ends of such politics have changed, thanks to the security provided in the region by the US military guarantee. Attempts at regional domination by European powers are still the greatest threat to the region, while off-shore balancing remains the surest safeguard to prevent such. The US, as off-shore balancer, provides for balance not only against the traditional Russian threat but against its own allies as well, particularly Germany, while European states struggle for regional dominance, but through diplomatic and economic channels rather than with their militaries. As such, the recent crisis in trans-atlantic security relations over the Iraq issue can be seen as a continuation of the pattern that has characterized European security relations for centuries: Germany, along with France, attempted to dominate European foreign policy by forging an anti-invasion position; the result was that the rest of Europe rallied around the US to balance this German-French initative. Ultimately, the would-be regional hegemons were effectively balanced. That is to say, contrary to popular opinion, the trans-Atlantic security arrangement is working precisely as it ought to. Furthermore, by understanding how the traditional patterns of power politics in Europe are presently playing themselves out, one not only can appreciate the true nature of current US-European events, but one can also extrapolate to consider a broader theory of how power politics amongst peaceful states is played. Needless to say, in this age of a global American security guarantee, such an understanding is crucial to grasp the nature of international relations in the 21st Century.

2005 - International Studies Association Pages: 43 pages || Words: 12042 words || 
Info
5. Sarkees, Meredith. and Wayman, Frank. "Inter-State, Intra-State, and Extra-State Wars, 1816-2003" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii, Mar 05, 2005 <Not Available>. 2019-04-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p72020_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper reviews the five-and-a-half years of data that can now be added to the findings in Sarkees, Wayman, and Singer (2003). The period has raised interesting questions about trends in types of war. First, there have been three recent extra-state wars (Chechnya, Israel-Palestine, and Iraq 2004), a remarkable revival of a type of war that had disappeared for over two decades. There have been several inter-state wars since 1997, an increase in incidence of a type of war that had become very rare from 1990 to 1997. Of course, intra-state wars remain the most common type of conflict. The COW project has also identified a number of new conflicts of over 1,000 battle deaths that should be added to the 1816-1997 period, almost all involving non-state actors.

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