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2006 - American Political Science Association Pages: 30 pages || Words: 6893 words || 
1. Graber, Doris. and Navratil, Kevin. "How Television Dramas Raise Citizens' Civic IQ" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott, Loews Philadelphia, and the Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 31, 2006 <Not Available>. 2020-01-26 <>
Publication Type: Proceeding
Abstract: How Television Dramas Raise Citizens' Civic IQ

Millions of average Americans regularly watch television dramas like The Sopranos or The Simpsons, often year after year. They become familiar with the characters and develop positive or negative emotional attachments to them. The lives of these characters are frequently entwined with a variety of current political situations. To what extent do audience members develop political attitudes and learn political information based on their vicarious involvement in political issues aired in fictional television shows? Learning theories suggest that political dramas constitute an ideal learning environment. But do they really, and does the information have the potential to enhance civic knowledge? This paper explores the circumstances under which learning of politically relevant information takes place, the nature of learning and the substance of learning. The data come from traditional experiments, interviews, and content analyses of television dramas and message boards.

2006 - XVth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies Words: 366 words || 
2. Noland, Julia., Minnes, Sonia., Short, Elizabeth. and Singer, Lynn. "Infant Behavioral Predictors of Childhood Attention, Behavior and IQ in a High-Risk Cohort." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the XVth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies, Westin Miyako, Kyoto, Japan, Jun 19, 2006 <Not Available>. 2020-01-26 <>
Publication Type: Individual Poster
Abstract: Background and Aims: In low-risk cohorts, positive ratings of infant behavior are predictive of better ratings of behavior and cognitive performance in childhood. Behavioral problems, attentional problems, and below average IQs have been reported in both children who were prenatally exposed to cocaine and their SES-similar controls. In the current analysis we investigated predictive relations in a cohort including both cocaine-exposed children and their controls. Collapsing across exposure groups, we explored correlations between ratings of infant behavior and early childhood behavior ratings, selective attention performance and IQ.

Methods: Recruited at birth, the cohort consisted of 374 children (48% cocaine exposed) who participated in laboratory assessments in infancy(6, 12, & 24 months), as well as in childhood (4 & 6 years of age). In the infancy, the Bayley Scale of Infant Development(2nd Edition) was administered, including the Behavioral Rating Scale which required the examiner to report on behaviors during the assessment. The standardized Orientation/Engagement and Emotional Regulation factors were extracted.
At 4 & 6 years of age, the WPPSI-R IQ assessment and computerized continuous performance tasks designed to assess selective attention free from commission errors were performed. The examiner rated behavior during the visit on an assessment of ADHD symptoms and associated behaviors standardized for teachers (CTRS-R-S, ADHD index).
In this exploration, unadjusted correlations of Orientation/Engagement and Emotional Regulation ratings at 6, 12 & 24 months with behavior ratings, selective attention and IQ at 4 & 6 years of age were examined.

Key Results: Higher ratings of Orientation/Engagement at 6, 12, & 24 months were associated with higher IQ (range r=.13 to .33) at both 4 & 6 years visits and better behavioral ratings at 6 years (r=-.10 to -.16). Emotional Regulation ratings at 12 & 24 months were also predictive of higher with IQ (r= .12 to.42) and better behavior (r= -.10 to -.24) at both 4 & 6 years. Higher ratings of both Orientation/Engagement and Emotional Regulation at 12 & 24 months were associated with better selective attention at 4 years (-.12 to -.18).

Discussion: There are broadly-positive, small-to-medium sized associations between infant behavioral ratings and early childhood assessments of attention, ADHD behavior ratings, and IQ in a high-risk cohort.

2010 - ISPP 33rd Annual Scientific Meeting Words: 139 words || 
3. Dawes, Chris. "CHRM2, IQ, and Turnout" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 33rd Annual Scientific Meeting, Mark Hopkins Hotel, San Francisco, California, USA, Jul 07, 2010 <Not Available>. 2020-01-26 <>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Fowler, Baker and Dawes (2008) found voter turnout to be significantly heritable and two follow up studies identified specific genes that are associated with voting (Dawes and Fowler 2009, Fowler and Dawes 2008). However, these studies could not identify possible causal pathways linking genes to turnout. This is the first study to show that cognitive ability mediates a relationship between a specific gene and voter turnout. Using data collected by the Minnesota Center for Twin and Family Research and publicly available voter records, we show a significant association between a variant of the CHMR2 gene that has found to be related to cognitive ability and validated turnout. Further, we find evidence that cognitive ability partially mediates this relationship. Specifically, 12\% of the effect of the CHRM2 variant on turnout is mediated by IQ.

2011 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 47 words || 
4. Diamond, Brie. and Morris, Robert. "The Influence of IQ on Group-Based Trajectories of Prison Misconduct" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, Nov 15, 2011 <Not Available>. 2020-01-26 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Understanding prison misconduct is a central concern for overall prison safety and security. It has been suggested that the role of cognitive ability on such behavior warrants investigation. This study assesses the role of cognitive ability, as measured by IQ score, on prison misconduct using group-based modeling.

2013 - UCEA Annual Convention Pages: unavailable || Words: 2841 words || 
5. Hale, Sarah. and Hollingworth, Liz. "Assessment IQ of Principals" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the UCEA Annual Convention, Hyatt Regency, Indianapolis, IN, Nov 04, 2013 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-01-26 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Despite the demands on school leaders, little is known about how much they actually know about assessment and data or how well prepared they feel to make data-driven decisions. This study examines school leadership in the era of accountability from the perspective of the building principal. The research question guiding this study is: What do practicing principals really know about assessment?

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