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2008 - Rural Sociological Society Words: 122 words || 
1. Hartle, Jeffery. "The British Virgin Islands: Case Study in Protecting Remote Island Communities from Fire and Other Emergencies" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Rural Sociological Society, Radisson Hotel-Manchester, Manchester, New Hampshire, Jul 28, 2008 <Not Available>. 2020-02-27 <>
Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: This presentation is based upon a qualitative study of territorial fire protection conducted for the Government of the (British) Virgin Islands in 2002, along with subsequent research. The territory consists of almost fifty islands, although most aren’t inhabited. This presentation will identify some of the problems associated with providing fire and rescue services to isolated, remote island communities in one Caribbean archipelago. These problems include the obligation to provide equal access to services, resource limitations, resource location, limited staffing, and natural and technological hazards. Photographs of local hazards and local resources will illustrate these problems. Similar difficulties may also be present in other isolated or remote rural communities, especially those communities where tourism swells the local population.

2010 - 54th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society Words: 174 words || 
2. Rappleye, Jeremy. "Revisiting the Metaphor of the Island: reflections on isomorphism, transfer, and ‘world culture’ from an island misunderstood" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 54th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, Illinois, <Not Available>. 2020-02-27 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Revisiting the Metaphor of the Island: reflections on isomorphism, transfer, and ‘world culture’ from an island misunderstood

Jeremy Rappleye, Oxford University and University of Tokyo


This presentation is organized around a critical revisiting of the metaphor of a fictional, newly ‘discovered’ island that world culture theorists have often employed to convey the key tenets of isomorphism and global convergence (e.g. - Meyer et al., 1997, Ramirez, 2003). It seeks - however - to utilize the ‘real’ case of the 'island' of Japan and its socio-educational evolution since its ‘discovery’ by the West and ‘importation’ of modernity to raise important questions about the applicability, validity, and implications of such a theoretical stance. Working to encompass both historical change and the marked policy shifts of the past decade, it imagines Japan and its twisted, ambivalent, and often misrepresented relationship with West as an extraordinarily compelling locale to refine theoretical perspectives on convergence, educational transfer, and tensions between internationalization and indigenisation; critical themes for comparative education that ‘globalization’ has thrust into fuller relief the world over.

2013 - American Studies Association Annual Meeting Words: 418 words || 
3. Lyons, Laura. "Island of Debts: Corporate Interests, Community Struggle, and Water on the Island of Lanai" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Studies Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Washington, Washington, DC, Nov 21, 2013 <Not Available>. 2020-02-27 <>
Publication Type: Internal Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper considers how the economic and cultural fates of the approximately 3,000 residents of the Hawaiian island of Lāna‘i have been inextricably tied to the fortunes and debts of specific corporate heads. From James Drummond Dole, who in the early twentieth century bought and transformed the island into his “pineapple kingdom” to David Murdock (CEO of Castle and Cooke and Dole Hawai‘i), who attempted in the late 1980s and 1990s to reconfigure the island as an exclusive tourist destination, the residents of Lāna‘i have been subject to the economic vicissitudes of a single person who owned 98% of the island’s acreage. Following the global financial crisis, Murdock found himself severely leveraged and unable to sustain the reported $18-25 million losses the island was costing him each year. During the summer of 2012, Larry Ellison, CEO of Oracle, purchased Lāna‘i from Murdock, for an undisclosed sum estimated to be no less than $500 million. The transfer of the island from one single owner to yet another, however, hinged on approval from the Hawai‘i State Utilities Commission since the sale included the only three public utility companies on the island. For his part, Murdock retained the right to develop a controversial wind farm along a pristine coastline. Coming less than a year after the beginning of the Occupy Wall Street protests, the sale of this island, though involving less square acreage than many CEOs might own elsewhere, exposed the vulnerabilities of the 99% at the hands of the 1%. In island newspapers and other outlets, Hawai‘i’s citizens have been debating the efficacy and ethical problems attached to one of the most prized trophies of the wealthy, the privately owned island. Of particular concern has been the problems faced by residents when control over the island’s natural resources such as wind and water rests in the hands of a singular, largely absent landlord. In this paper, I examine the ways that each of these three successive corporate heads have remade the island, and particularly its natural environment, to maximize private profit with little consideration for the cultural or economic positions of the island residents, the majority of whom are Native Hawaiian. In the case of Dole and Murdock, those attempts were largely unsuccessful and arguably ended with the loss of their island asset. My paper concludes by looking at a series of community-based actions to take back the waterways from protests at state commissions to guerilla projects meant to divert water from luxury gulf courses to small farms and neighborhoods.

2016 - National Women's Studies Association Words: 95 words || 
4. Novak, Royce. "Postcolonial Colonialism on a Prison Island: Intimate Interactions between Political Prisoners and Indigenous Women on Buru Island as a Site of Colonization, 1969-79" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Women's Studies Association, Palais des congrès de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Nov 10, 2016 <Not Available>. 2020-02-27 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: From 1969-79, Buru Island, Indonesia, became an infamous penal colony for Suharto’s political opponents. Rather than focus on male political prisoners, I examine how intimate interactions and relationships between male political prisoners and indigenous women inflected an assumed Java-centric ethnic hierarchy. Thus, political prisoners were simultaneously victims of an authoritarian state as well vehicles for colonization. These interactions broke down traditional gender relations in indigenous society, reorienting it towards a national society. By interrogating the troubled relationship between postcoloniality and colonialism, we can begin to understand the barriers to and conditions for understanding decoloniality.

2019 - NAISA Words: 244 words || 
5. Case, Emalani. "“You’re not an islander; you’re Hawaiian”: Indigenous and Settler (Co)operations in our Sea of Islands" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the NAISA, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand, <Not Available>. 2020-02-27 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Abstract: Prominent Hawaiian scholar Haunani-Kay Trask once declared, “Only Hawaiians are Native to Hawaiʻi. Everyone else is a settler.” According to Trask, those who cannot claim a genealogical connection to the land are categorized as “settler,” regardless of their stories of struggle and if or when they suffered subjugation at the hands of the colonial power. To deny the status of settler is to escape being implicated as somehow benefiting from the colonial state. In Hawaiʻi, indigeneity operates in specific ways, providing a means through which Hawaiians can articulate difference and independence and justify claims to land and place as well as the right to self-determination.

Operations of indigeneity, however, are complicated when articulations of belonging are extended to include more fluid spaces like the sea, and in the case of Oceania, when these connections draw on older genealogical ties between islands and islanders in our sea of islands. As a Hawaiian, I understand myself as indigenous to Hawaiʻi. Now living and working in Aotearoa, however, I must understand myself as a settler, even if I am not always categorized as such by indigenous people here who often locate me somewhere between: unlike other islanders, but also not Māori. In this paper, I will reflect on my own positionality, and more specifically, on the pedagogical underpinnings of the Pacific Studies spaces I work—located in Oceania but also on another’s indigenous land—while also examining what responsibilities of cooperation might look and feel like in these contexts.

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