Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished ManuscriptReview Method: Peer Reviewed
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished ManuscriptReview Method: Peer ReviewedAbstract: This paper examines the effectiveness of government mandated safety and health committees in a union and nonunion worksite. Previous literature suggests that committees in nonunion worksites are not as effective; these studies usually measure effectiveness by enforcement activities, and to a lesser extent, injury and illness rates. Through open-ended interviews with management and employee representatives in a unionized lumber mill and nonunion high tech manufacturing facility, respondents suggest that relations of trust are key for committee effectiveness. Once trust relations are recognized and built upon, phenomena such as collaboration, learning-by-probing, and joint problem-solving described by respondents as effective tools for safety committee self-regulation. However, not all respondents at the nonunion high tech facility conveyed trust with management, and the forms of collective learning and problem-solving were not as extensive as at the unionized lumber mill.
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished ManuscriptReview Method: Peer ReviewedAbstract: Based on hypotheses derived from a life course perspective in conjunction with theory, this study explores whether spouse's employment and length of retirement affect post-retirement well-being (depressive symptoms) and whether such effects differ by gender. The analyses rely on pooled data from waves 1-3 of the Health and Retirement Surveys (HRS), using a subsample of married individuals who either remained continuously employed over time or completely retired since the wave 1 interviews (N=3,622). The data indicate that joint retirement enhances well-being among husbands and recently retired wives. Longer-retired wives seem to profit most from husbands' continued employment , and longer-retired husbands report relatively low well-being if their wives were non-employed some time before the husband's retirement. Apparently joint retirement leads to a albeit brief (especially for wives) honeymoon, whereas issues of control over the retirement transition and impingement on wives' domain may undermine well-being. These results show that marital context plays an important role in retirement well-being.
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished ManuscriptAbstract: Numerous studies in the field of political economy have sought
to better explain the relationship between the phenomenon of
globalization and the size of the public sector. This study
contributes to the field by elucidating the relationship interactive
relationship between economic openness and domestic income inequality
on government spending. Using a sample of 76 developed and developing
countries, I hypothesize that there are differences in the way that
advanced industrialized states react to increases of inequality and
economic openness when compared to developing countries. Best regards,
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished ManuscriptReview Method: Peer ReviewedAbstract: Keywords: Race, Class, Political Trust