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2009 - Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference Pages: 18 pages || Words: 3967 words || 
1. Yoo, Hye-Lim. "Sunshine to Kim Jung-Il, Clouds to North Koreans: Humanitarian Food Aid without Monitoring" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference, The Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 02, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2019-11-22 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study explores effects of humanitarian food aid offered by the South Korean government during the Sunshine Policy on North Koreans’ rights to food. Secondary research and data shows continuous and enormous food aid was offered, but not with proper monitoring system. This was carried out by policy, and resulted diversion of donated food and unfair food distribution in North Korea, which disturbed to improve North Korean’s rights to food. Furthermore, this research also presents that the food aid without monitoring system gives several challenges to both South Korea and international society to plan or operate future humanitarian food aid to North Korea.

2009 - American Studies Association Annual Meeting Words: 484 words || 
2. Chang, Juliana. "Perverse Citizenship: The Anti-Domestic Death Drive and Suki Kim's The Interpreter" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Studies Association Annual Meeting, Renaissance Hotel, Washington D.C., Nov 05, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-11-22 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: As Lauren Berlant, Bonnie Honig, and other critics have demonstrated, the rhetoric of romance between nation and immigrant shores up American myths of exceptionalism through its tropes of choice, desire, and consent. This essay provides a psychoanalytic reading of what I call “perverse citizenship” in Suki Kim’s novel The Interpreter, which offers a radically different take on such myths of the U.S. nation. I argue that The Interpreter counters the trope of immigrant romance through its emphasis on the death drive. If choice and consent are key elements of the conventional immigrant-nation romance, The Interpreter calls such romance into question by accentuating the constraints and compulsions that structure its narrative of a Korean immigrant family.
I refer to perversion in its Lacanian sense: service as instruments of law. In this case, the Park family serves as an instrument of U.S. immigration law. The Parks perform various kinds of service and entrepreneurial work, but the most pivotal form of entrepreneurship that they practice is their work as informants to the U.S. federal government, facilitating what Rachel Ida Buff refers to as “the deportation terror.” This informant activity is the secret kernel around which the novel circulates; the discovery of this secret—as well as the secret of child labor that also facilitates these deportations--forms the climactic revelation of the narrative. In exchange for reports on co-ethnic migrants who are undocumented or who have broken the law, the Parks receive not only financial rewards, but more importantly, the reward of U.S. citizenship. Though the Parks align themselves with U.S. national law, their daughter Suzy also recognizes their activity as “crimes,” or transgressions of social and ethical law.
This essay is part of a larger project on Asian American narratives of domesticity; in this study, I call The Interpreter an anti-domestic novel. The protagonist Suzy relinquishes all claims on family, treats her apartment as a temporary shelter, and accesses an anti-domestic jouissance through her affairs with married men. Suzy’s suspended domesticity indexes the suspended status of her citizenship. Following Deleuze, I interpret suspension as characteristic of masochistic perversion. Through masochistic and fetishistic perversion, Suzy makes herself into an object, disowning her will and disclaiming the status of the self-possessed subject of liberal democracy and national citizenship. Suzy’s apprehension of domesticity through the lens of an illicit anti-domesticity allegorizes her apprehension of citizenship through the lens of criminality. I trace Suzy’s anti-domestic death drive to her family’s business of informing and translating for the state, a business that breaks apart homes and families as the state deports undocumented migrants. The too-terrible power of translation granted by the state to Suzy’s sister as a child translator becomes wielded by Suzy as an adult for extra-state purposes. I explore the meaning of Suzy, as the perverse citizen, taking the law into her own hands.

2010 - International Communication Association Words: 139 words || 
3. Bae, Hyuhn-Suhck., Brown, William. and Kang, Seok. "Social Influence of a Religious Hero: The Late Cardinal Stephen Kim Sou-hwan's Impact on Cornea Donation and Volunteerism" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Suntec Singapore International Convention & Exhibition Centre, Suntec City, Singapore, <Not Available>. 2019-11-22 <>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: This study examined the mediated influence of a celebrated religious hero in South Korea, Cardinal Stephen Kim, through two forms of involvement--parasocial interaction and identification--on intention toward cornea donation and volunteerism, and investigated how the news media diffused of his death. A structural equation modeling analysis with a web-based voluntary survey of more than 1,200 people in South Korea revealed a multi-step social influence process, beginning with parasocial interaction with Cardinal Kim, leading to identification with him, which predicted intention toward cornea donation and volunteerism. Additional investigations found that news of Cardinal Kim?s death diffused rapidly through both media and interpersonal communication. Results of this study demonstrate that religious leaders who achieve a celebrity-hero status can prompt public discussion of important issues rather quickly through extensive media coverage, enabling them to promote prosocial behavior and positively affect public health.

2010 - American Studies Association Annual Meeting Words: 464 words || 
4. Tsai, Robin. "Climate Change in Kim Stanley Robinson’s Science in Capitol Trilogy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Studies Association Annual Meeting, Grand Hyatt, San Antonio, TX, <Not Available>. 2019-11-22 <>
Publication Type: Internal Paper
Abstract: “Global warming” is understood to mean that “the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere and oceans is increasing” (Masahiro 7), and it is caused by two main contributive factors: the greenhouse effect (Flannery 19-20) and the rise of CO2 levels in the earth’s atmosphere (Flannery 27-35). The myriad effects of global warming include the melting of icecaps in the Arctic Ocean, a rise in sea level, the extinction of plants and wildlife, and the spread of disease, to name only the notable. In his 1987 essay “Speaking a Word for Nature,” eco-critic Scott Russell Sanders proffers a “key articulation of what literature needs to do if it’s to get us to acknowledge the ecological implications of our presence on the planet,” especially the exigent issues of global warming and social action (Slovic 118).

Set in Washington, D.C., the three novels of Kim Stanley Robinson’s Science in the Capital trilogy—Forty Signs of Rain, Fifty Degrees Below and Sixty Days and Counting—are de facto works about climate change, portraying a “chillingly realistic tale of people caught in the collision of science, technology, and the consequences of global warming.” In Forty Signs of Rain, Charlie Quibler, an environmental policy advisor for Senator Phil Chase, together with his wife Anna, a science administrator and finicky perfectionist (18), attempt to convince Senator Chase to adopt greenhouse climate policies. Meanwhile, a group of Buddhist monks arrive in Washington to lobby for the island nation of Khemblung, which is sinking due to rising sea levels. Unlike the monks, politicians remain unresponsive to climate change and its effects. Fifty Degrees Below picks up where Forty Signs of Rain left off. Frank, a character who attended the meeting of the lobbying monks in the first novel, decides to stay in the nation’s capital for another year to help mitigate abrupt climate changes after a global warming-caused deluge. Unable to find a suitable place to live, Frank “goes feral.” In the process, he becomes acquainted with a group of homeless people and builds a tree house, in which he attempts to survive the winter cold. As the title of the book suggests, temperatures in D.C. have reached fifty degrees below zero, a result of the total stagnation of the warm Atlantic Gulf Stream following the melting of the polar ice caps. Later in the novel, Frank spends a fair amount of time with the Khembalese—the island nation citizens whose land is sinking. Throughout the book, Frank muses upon man’s special relationship with nature, and considers how humanity’s struggle against the environment has shaped our thoughts, actions and responsibilities to nature and other people. In my analysis of this work, I examine the conditions of possibility and impossibility under which we represent, act out, and attend to global warming.

2011 - 35th Annual National Council for Black Studies Words: 371 words || 
5. Cullors, Kasey. "Barbie Resurrection: Comparative Analysis of Tyra Banks, Lil Kim, & Nicki Minaj as Black and Barbie in Popular Culture" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 35th Annual National Council for Black Studies, The Westin, Cincinnati, OH, Mar 16, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-11-22 <>
Publication Type: Individual Presentation
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Introduced in 1959 to the market as a pornographic gag gift, Barbie has commodified and appropriated by a multitude of audience. However, in the last decade, there has been a resurgence of Barbie: she’s now Black. Although the site for Barbie has changed, the inherent issues of the adapted performance of her have problematized Black femininity. Be it clear, Barbie’s character is a performance of some type of femininity. However, the fragmented femininity that Barbie introduces is has consequences when moving from a narrative to a life performance.
When Barbie comes alive, the negativity that is associated with the constructs inherent in the doll becomes a part of the person portraying the character. Apart of being Barbie includes creating a post-self devoid of separation between the appropriation and its creator which is stronger in some cases rather than others. For the sake of this research, Barbie is a subject who has been defined and redefined as one of the most polarizing fictional characters. In the case of Tyra Banks, Lil’ Kim, and Nicki Minaj, one can see the inherent polarization that Barbie transfers to the black female: it places the Black female within the confines of duality rather than a spectrum. Black Barbie has come alive in Black culture and has reaffirmed traditional expectations of femininity which has pigeonholed the woman in both film and reality as commodities and spectacles of sexuality.
As stated afore, Barbie is a performance with an expansive stage. On this stage, Barbie encourages dualisms through the love/hate relationship that one has with her inanimateness, especially when people appropriate the image by sampling post-humanness for profit. Particularly for the Black female demographic, Barbie is part of two ongoing dialectic of black female sexuality: asexual v. hypersexual and maturity versus prepubescent innocence . Whether Barbie is performed in music or for a movie, she polarizes audiences because she embodies feminine ideals without being a woman. Furthermore, the pervasiveness of the Barbie image, regardless of its name, is inescapable. Barbie comes alive when people adapt the lifestyle that she promotes. Barbie is just as alive today as she was when she was created: appropriated, affirmed, and performed.

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