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2012 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 10603 words || 
1. Ale, Komathi. and Chib, Arul. "Evaluating the Impact of the One Laptop per Child Laptops on Education in Rural Indian Primary Schools" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Sheraton Phoenix Downtown, Phoenix, AZ, May 23, 2012 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-11-16 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: There is increased hype and hope surrounding the advent of low-cost computing devices, specifically targeted at rural children. This study aimed at evaluating the psychological empowerment of children through a computing in education intervention. The impact assessment was guided by the cognitive component of the Psychological Empowerment theory. Using quantitative pre- post- intervention surveys, fieldwork was conducted to carry out a quasi-experiment among 68 children, test group (n=41) and control group (n=27), from primary schools in the rural regions of Uttaranchal, India. Participants in the test group interacted with 14 One Laptop per Child (OPLC) laptops during a five-month period. In order to assess the sustainability of impact, post-tests at short-term and medium-term periods were conducted. The results of survey questionnaires completed by all children and six teachers were analyzed. Hypotheses that tested the positive impact of the use of low-cost computers on improving the computer self-efficacy, and functional and technological literacy of children in rural India were proven significant for children exposed to the OLPC. Findings also indicated significantly greater increases among children in the test group than that of the control group for these test variables. The hypotheses that the use of the OLPC laptops will increase teachers’ assessment of the functional literacy and technological literacy of children are also supported. Theoretical and practical implications to implementations ICT in education are discussed.

2008 - American Studies Association Annual Meeting Words: 248 words || 
2. Fouche, Rayvon. "One Laptop Per Child? Mobile Technology, Gadgetry, and Community" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Studies Association Annual Meeting, Hyatt Regency, Albuquerque, New Mexico, <Not Available>. 2019-11-16 <>
Publication Type: Invited Paper
Abstract: In January 2005, at the World Economic Conference in Davos, Switzerland, Nicholas Negroponte announced the seemingly radical idea of a low-cost laptop for the developing world, what would soon be known as the “one hundred dollar laptop.” From Negroponte’s initial announcement to the distribution of the first XO-1 laptop in the global south, One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) has raised a host of interesting questions about information technology, computer design, global markets, international relations, and democracy. However, one aspect the project that has only emerged recently is the organization of user groups in the United States.

Though the laptops were not destined for the developed world, consumers in the United States and Canada were give a short window of time (November 15-December 31, 2007) to purchase and XO laptop through the “give one, get one” program. Those who ordered early received their laptops in December 2007. This paper will trace how this artifact not intended for American and Canadian consumers has produced emerging communities invested in its development. By studying the Champaign-Urbana OLPC users group, this paper will consider how a technology that aims to enable children in the developing world to connect to the rest of the globe can build community for middle and upper middle class American gadget freaks. Finally this paper will explore how this mobile technology that would enable people to communicate at a distance has in fact precipitated less virtual interaction and more embodied communication.

2011 - International Communication Association Words: 198 words || 
3. Schudson, Michael. "Can Database Democracy and Laptop Reporting Save Journalism?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Boston, MA, <Not Available>. 2019-11-16 <>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: Some 90 years ago Walter Lippmann sighed that the world had grown too complex for newspapers to give a good account of it to their readers. He held that journalism would serve its democratic purpose well only if outside agencies or "political observatories" (in government, in the non-governmental sector, and in universities) provided journalists
with reliable and useable accounts of the world. Two things have happened since then that make Lippmann's analysis relevant today. First, those political observatories emerged and now dot the landscape, their research capabilities large and their efforts to make
the research digestible often (not always) impressive. Second, the Web puts that research literally in the lap of journalists the world over. The collective knowledge of the newsroom still counts for something -- but defining exactly what can no longer be taken for granted. The
collective knowledge of researchers everywhere is also available in the newsroom through online search engines. Learning to navigate the Web is part of what a journalist must do. This paper will discuss the changing balance of the collective knowledge of the newsroom, the
online availability of outside data and outside analysis, and the individual energy and creativity of the reporter.

2012 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 78 words || 
4. Dimkov, Trajce., Junger, Marianne., Pieters, Wolter. and Hartel, Pieter. "Laptop Theft: How Easy is it?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Nov 14, 2012 <Not Available>. 2019-11-16 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Background. Several authors have emphasized the importance of guardians as the protectors of targets.
Goal: To test the effectiveness of guardians in protecting laptops.
Method: we performed a physical penetration test with social engineering: ‘thieves’ entered a building and attempted to steal laptops.
Results: 50% of the attempts resulted in a success: the ‘thieves’ could take away the laptop.
Conclusion: Theft of laptop can be quite easy. We will discuss the implications of our findings for theory and research.

2015 - International Communication Association 65th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: 1538 words || 
5. Li, Ruobing., Wang, Ruoxu., Chen, Tsai-Wei., Law, Yuen Lam. and Sundar, S. Shyam. "Are We More Impulsive on Smartphones? A Comparison of Impulse Buying on Smartphones and Laptops" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association 65th Annual Conference, Caribe Hilton, San Juan, Puerto Rico, May 21, 2015 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-11-16 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: As smartphones become ubiquitous and increasingly able to perform complex tasks, they may encourage impulsive behaviors. We conducted a study examining the association between online shopping device, consumers' shopping enjoyment and their impulse buying behaviors. Results indicated smartphones have stronger power of transferring people's shopping enjoyment to shopping impulsiveness.

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