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2013 - 57th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society Words: 690 words || 
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1. Yu, Baek-san. and Shin, Suyeong. "The Effect of Parents-children Communication Style on Teacher-students Relationship and Occupational Aspiration: With Lareau’s lens on S. Korea" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 57th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Hilton Riverside Hotel, New Orleans, LA, Mar 10, 2013 <Not Available>. 2019-10-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p635533_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: 1. Objectives or purposes of the paper.

This paper is a research on the effect of parents-children communication style on teacher-students relationship and occupational aspiration. Choosing a career in adolescence is actualizing one’s own world and related with his/her quality of life and satisfaction. As is well known, family background is a contributing factor determining occupational aspiration. The parents-children relationship, however, can release its influence. Especially, noted American researcher Lareau(2003) shows that there are stratified differences of nurture style and parents-children communication style in her qualitative research. Embracing her point of view, this study examines quantitatively whether this American research results fit on Korean situations or not.


2. Main perspective or theoretical/conceptual framework utilized.

Understanding Occupational Aspiration

An occupational aspiration is one of desired occupations that an individual considers being the most optimal occupational alternative at a certain point, and one which reflects personal interest, skills and achievement motivation (Gottfredson, 1981). Personal ability, gender, and proclivity are the major factors determining occupational aspiration. However, surrounding supports such as maternal and emotional encouragement also can reinforce or weaken the level of aspirations.


The Effects of Family Communication Style

Family communication styles represent typical nurturing strategies of social class. According to Lareau (2003), middle-class’s open family communication based on reasoning and contestation leads their children to get a sense of entitlement and active interaction skills. On contrast, children from lower-class family embody a sense of constraint as a consequence of their family communication style based on directives and rare questioning. As a result, middle-class students are more likely to have a close relationship with their teachers and often feel self-effectiveness than students from poor family background.

Hypotheses

1. The higher family SES will produce open family communications.
2. The open family communication will have a positive effect on the teacher-student relationship, and this relationship will have a significant effect on occupational aspirations.
3. There will be mediated effects between family SES→communication style→teacher-student relationship→occupational aspirations.
4. The effects of family SES and communication style will differ according to gender.


3. Analytical methods, research design, or modes of inquiry.

To achieve the hypotheses, SEM analysis, Sobel-test, and multiple group analysis were performed using SPSS 17.0 and AMOS 18.0. Also, to address potential bias resulting from missing data, FIML was selected. Dependent variable is occupational aspiration which measured with nominal scales, were assigned the International Socio-Economic Index (Ganzeboom & Treiman, 1996). Independent variables include (1) parental SES, (2) open family communication, (3) teacher-student relationship, (4) parents’ educational expectation for their children, (5) prior academic achievement, (6) school’s career and educational environment.


4. Data sources or evidence.

This study used a nationally representative sample of first year students in general high schools from the Korea Youth Panel Survey (2005) conducted by the Youth Policy Institute of Korea. Among the 3,085 high school 1st year in the pooled data, the final samples contain 2,022 except for inoccupation and non-classifiable type.


5. Results and/or conclusions.

Results showed that the higher the parents’ SES level, the higher the level of open family communication style. In addition, the open family communication style affected the teacher-students relationship, and this teacher-students relationship also had a significant effect on the level of occupational aspiration. Furthermore, the Sobel test results showed that the open family communication style was a significant mediator of the effect of parent’s SES on teacher-students relationship. There were also indirect influences of open family communication style on occupational aspiration through on teacher-students relationship.


6. Significance of the study to the field of comparative or international education.

This finding suggests that though it is often reported that families in Asia countries embodied authority and hierarchical communication styel (Chan & McNeal, 2003), even in these families parents-children communication style exists in a different form for parent’s SES, and this can lead to an achievement gap between classes.


References


Chan, K., & McNeal, J.U.(2003). Parent-child communications about consumption and advertising in China. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 20(4), 317-334.
Ganzeboom, H.B.G., & Treiman, D.J.(1996).Internationally Comparable Measures of Occupational Status for the 1988 International Standard Classification of Occupations.Social science research, 25, 201-239.
Gottfredson, L.S.(1981). Circumscription and compromise: A developmental theory of occupational aspiration, Journal of Counseling Psychology, 28, 545-579.
Lareau, A.(2003). Unequal childhoods: class, race and family life. Berkeley and LA: University of California Press.


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