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2012 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 10604 words || 
1. Stanyer, James. "Intimate Leaders: Media Coverage of the Personal Lives of National Leaders in Seven Democracies" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Sheraton Phoenix Downtown, Phoenix, AZ, Online <PDF>. 2019-09-23 <>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: It is often remarked that the personal lives of politicians, like those of sports, film and television stars and host of other celebrities, have become a familiar part of the public's daily media consumption. Like celebrities in other fields leading politicians it is claimed have willingly surrendered their privacy, or have been unable to defend it from a celebrity-obsessed media. However, there is little if any systematic comparative research which explores the extent to which such personal information is a feature of mainstream media coverage. We do not know whether trends identified in some democracies, such as the UK and the US, are visible elsewhere. Based on extensive comparative research this paper examines the visibility of national leaders’ private lives in political books and national newspapers in seven democracies. In order to get a sense of whether and how coverage might have evolved in different countries it examines the publicity given to the different domains of leaders’ personal lives, both cross-nationally and over time. The paper examines the publicity given to significant events in the personal lives of national leaders and to their domestic realm and family life. Finally, it looks at the publicity given to their life stories and incidents from those stories, before exploring the underlying causes.

James Stanyer is Senior Lecturer in Communication and Media Studies at Loughborough University. He has published widely in the area of political communication and he is particularly interested in the relationships between popular culture and politics in advanced industrial democracies. He has recently completed comparative research for a monograph for Polity on the personalization of politics (forthcoming 2012).

2. Samban, Yair. "Terrorist Leaders as Political leaders: The Non-Compensatory Political Dimension in Terrorists' Decision-Making" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES, Hilton San Francisco, SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA, Mar 26, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-09-23 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The foreign policy analysis literature typically treats terrorist leaders as military threats or religiously-inspired actors. In this paper, we attempt to decode the political logic of leaders of three prominent terrorist organizations (the Palestinian Hamas, Lebanese Hizballah and global Al-Qaeda), using the ADA approach and a model based on Poliheuristic theory. Our findings indicate that similar to other political leaders, terrorist leaders attempt to avoid major political loss. This risk-aversion is effective either on the intra-group dimension (the leader's political standing vis-a-vis competing power-centers inside the organization), or on the inter-group dimension (the organization's position vis-a-vis other organizations, parties, and governments). Each of these dimensions is non-compensatory relative to other dimensions relevant to terrorist decisions (such as military, religious, etc), and their respective weight in the process is influenced by the organization's structure and its internal political dynamics.

2017 - 88th Annual SPSA Conference Words: 251 words || 
3. Doctor, Austin. "Follow the Leader: Rebel Leaders and Anti-Civilian Violence in Civil War, 1989-2014" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 88th Annual SPSA Conference, Hyatt Regency, New Orleans, LA, Jan 11, 2017 <Not Available>. 2019-09-23 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Intrastate war produces a variety of personalities and characters in leadership roles. News media and policy-makers often place a great deal of emphasis on rebel leaders in conflict scenarios. However, scholars know very little about how and why rebel leaders are able impact the dynamics of armed intrastate conflict. We aim to bring leaders back into analyses of intrastate conflict by arguing that rebel leaders are important actors in dynamic situations of warfare, capable of influencing both the duration of the conflict, as well as the intensity. Therefore, we re-conceptualize leadership roles to offer a typology of rebel leaders based on two important dimensions: their motivations for conflict and their prior military experience. This paper also introduces the Rebel Leaders in Civil War Dataset (RLCW), which contains detailed information on over 200 rebel leaders across 80 intrastate conflicts from 1989 to 2014. RLCW codes the motivation for conflict and military experience of rebel leaders, the actions and characteristics of rebel organizations, and a number of structural factors known to shape the dynamics of violence in civil war. Initial analysis of this data, in which we regress levels of anti-civilian violence on rebel leader type, suggests that variation in rebel leader type has meaningful effects on the extent to which rebel organizations are able and willing to engage in civilian targeting. These encouraging results suggest the need for further theoretical and data-gathering efforts to better understand the role of rebel leaders in intrastate conflict.

2017 - Comparative and International Education Society CIES Annual Meeting Words: 758 words || 
4. Verret, Carolyne. "Educational leaders’ understandings of student learning and achievement, and the resulting leadership practices: The case of Haitian school leaders." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society CIES Annual Meeting, Sheraton Atlanta Downtown, Atlanta, Georgia, Mar 05, 2017 <Not Available>. 2019-09-23 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Haiti is a small, fragile and developing country in the Caribbean that has been, and is still troubled with challenging political, economic, societal, health and environmental issues, which have only exponentially increased since the January 2010 devastating earthquake. As for educational problems, they tend to have a stronger impact and lasting effects as they are felt at all of the above-mentioned levels. Therefore, having and/or placing qualified individuals in charge of various functions within the education system becomes crucial and critical, and even more so considering that its end goal is to develop Haitian students’ learning, experiences and achievement in schools (Haïti Ministère de l’Éducation Nationale et de la Formation Professionnelle, 2010, 2011).

Objectives or purposes
The main purpose of this research is therefore to study the leadership enactments of Haitian educational leaders in their schools. Given the new reforms being recently initiated nationwide, it aims to inform policy makers of the lived-experiences of school leaders, their relevance and importance as they are in charge of student learning and achievement. The following objectives were elaborated to guide the study:
• Describe leaders’ conceptualization of student learning and achievement (SL/A);
• Describe the supports they rely upon;
• Uncover the challenges and obstacles they face;
• Determine the effects of their context on their leadership practices.
In essence, this research is based on a central question: “How do educational leaders translate their understandings of SL/A into leadership practices?”

Perspectives or theoretical framework
The theoretical framework used for this study provided “thinking tools” to analyze the multiple dimensions of Haiti’s educational leadership through the practice of its school leaders. With a Theory of School Leadership Practice proposed by Eacott (2013), Pierre Bourdieu’s concepts proved to be relevant to this research as I delved into, and analyzed, the data collected. His notions of field (structured social space), habitus (internalized social dispositions), capitals (economic, social, cultural and symbolic), and strategies (actions/moves) are viewed in a relational manner, being continuously shaped and re-shaped by one another, and being part of a complex social theory (Lingard, Hayes, Mills & Christie, 2003).

Research methods or modes of inquiry
Located within the Comparative and International Education field, this study is a qualitative case-study that probed deeply into the multi-faceted situations of Haitian school leaders. It used naturalistic methods such as:
• Semi-structured interviews with 30 participants in 28 sites in Port-au-Prince, Haiti;
• Non-participant observations and field notes in 5 sites, with personalized grids for each setting based on interview answers;
• Documents like official policies, school policies, agendas and regulations, to name a few.
With the unit of analysis being ‘educational school leaders’ and the subunit, ‘their leadership practices’, the participants were principals and pedagogical directors. They came from 3 different school providers (private, religious and public) and 2 different school levels (primary and secondary) – inclusion criteria.

Results and/or substantiated conclusions
A preliminary analysis has revealed the following themes that, in fact, represent an initial series of codes issued from the interviews of the 30 selected participants:
• Educational leaders, as individuals and principals
• Teachers
• Role of language
• Role of religion
• Parents, roles and responsibilities
• Finance and economy
• Public schools
• Leadership practices
• Networks and associations

Scholarly significance, originality and/or creativity
Jean-Marie and Sider (2014) called for continuous studies of leadership practices in fragile states like Haiti, as they responded to Dimmock and Walker’s (2000) plea for more Comparative and International Education work in school leadership. This resonated with me as I have worked in the country at various levels within the education system and recognized the need to ‘scholarly’ examine what school leaders are actually doing in their own settings, what challenges they face, and what supports keep them going.
This study intends to offer an alternative look on the issues of educational leadership, and student learning and achievement: how school leaders translate their discourses of student learning and achievement into leadership practices.
Although more and more studies in education, and particularly educational leadership, are employing Bourdieu’s thinking tools, this has not been the case with regards to scholarship on/about Haiti’s education system, especially its educational leadership. Therefore, that represents a significant and original contribution to both the field of Comparative and International Education and educational leadership, especially as they relate to the literature on/about Haiti.
Lastly, it hopes to inform policy makers and other stakeholders in their decision-making process, particularly at this moment when reforms are being discussed at the ministry level and are being implemented nationwide (Haïti Ministère de l’Éducation Nationale et de la Formation Professionnelle, 2010, 2011, 2014).

2018 - ICA's 68th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
5. Zorn, Andrea. "A Man’s Take on Women Leaders: CEOs’ Discourse on the Emergence of Women Leaders" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 68th Annual Conference, Hilton Prague, Prague, Czech Republic, May 22, 2018 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-09-23 <>
Publication Type: Extended Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Barriers to the emergence of women in higher executive positions are complex and persisting, despite real progress for women in leadership. A social constructionist approach is used to understand the perceived barriers to the emergence of women’s leadership through the eyes of male gatekeepers. This qualitative study is composed of semi-structured interviews with male CEOs in New Zealand to discuss and understand their values, beliefs and assumptions regarding their own organisations’ support of the diversity initiative, Champions for Change. My findings will explain the underlying barriers to women’s emergence as leaders and how gatekeepers’ language reflects and reifies those barriers.

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