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2013 - SSSA Annual Meeting Words: 181 words || 
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1. Chou, Benjamin. "Legislative Vote Cleavages in Recent State Immigration Omnibus Legislation" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SSSA Annual Meeting, New Orleans Marriott, New Orleans, Louisiana, Mar 27, 2013 <Not Available>. 2018-09-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p634495_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper examines the attempt by state legislatures to adopt legislation in the area of immigration policy over the past three years, focusing both on those cases where immigration omnibus reform legislation passed as well as where it did not. The paper will analyze 14 states, six (Alabama, Arizona, Georgia, Indiana, South Carolina, and Utah) which passed such legislation and eight (Colorado, Idaho, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, Texas, and West Virginia) which failed to do so. Particular focus will be on the degree of support for this immigration reform legislation within the Republican and Democratic parties, as well as within different ethnic/racial, ideological, sex, and geographic sub-groups within each party. Initial results have shown that there may be a negative relationship between passage of strict immigration omnibus bills with the number of legislators who self-identify as Hispanic. Partisan and ideological differences also seem likely to be strong predictors of legislative passage. Given the current federal stalemate on immigration legislation, the results of this project will provide a good prediction of the future of individual states’ attempts to address America’s immigration dilemma.

2017 - 88th Annual SPSA Conference Words: 124 words || 
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2. Vela Baron, Mauricio. "Parochial versus programmatic legislators and duration of legislative initiatives: Evidence from Colombia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 88th Annual SPSA Conference, Hyatt Regency, New Orleans, LA, Jan 11, 2017 <Not Available>. 2018-09-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1225556_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper focuses on the analysis of legislative process, in particular on legislative delay. Given that time is a scarce resource, legislators are interested that their bills make their way through congress in short approval times. It is argued that legislators' emphasis on their parochial or their programmatic policy interests is a factor of influence on the duration of the decision-making process in a legislature. Parochial legislators are willing to support policy proposals from legislative coalition without requiring major concessions. Therefore, this paper examines whether in fact parochial legislators reap higher benefits by having easier legislative processes for their bills. This is tested using legislative data from Colombia and by using the level of vote concentration in order to identify parochial from programmatic legislators.

2018 - 89th Annual SPSA Conference Words: 191 words || 
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3. Poggione, Sarah. "Conditioning Representation: Gender, Legislative Professionalism, and Legislative Behavior" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 89th Annual SPSA Conference, Hyatt Regency, New Orleans, LA, Jan 04, 2018 <Not Available>. 2018-09-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1341479_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: While a number of studies have found evidence of gender differences in the behavior of legislators, little work has examined how the organization and resources of state legislatures influence such gender differences. I argue that gender differences should be greatest in less professional legislatures where members have fewest resources for engaging in legislative activities and are less constrained by constituency demands. In such legislatures, members may be more likely to work on issues that they have greater knowledge of, and they may have greater leeway to pursue their own policy priorities. As a result, I expect that women legislators should be more likely than their male colleagues to engage in legislative activities related to traditional areas of women’s concern in less professional legislatures, and that such differences should diminish among more professional legislators. Using data on men and women state legislators’ behavior, I evaluate the impact of gender conditioned the major components of legislative professionalism. I find that gender differences in activities related to welfare policy are more pronounced among legislators serving in institutions with lower salaries, shorter session lengths, and with less differentiated committee systems.

2006 - The Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 39 pages || Words: 9811 words || 
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4. Gay, Claudine. "Legislating Without Constraints: The Effect of Minority Districting on Legislators' Responsiveness to Constituency Preferences" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 20, 2006 <Not Available>. 2018-09-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p140906_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Using data on referenda and initiative voting to estimate constituency preferences, I assess the correspondence between district opinion and roll call voting for legislators from majority-minority and majority-white CA Assembly districts.

2007 - Southern Political Science Association Words: 234 words || 
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5. Dodd, Lawrence. "Legislative Mastery: Goals, Skills and Behavior Among State Legislators: Indiana and California, 1983-2000" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, Hotel InterContinental, New Orleans, LA, Jan 03, 2007 <Not Available>. 2018-09-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p143793_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to assess the ways in which legislators’ approaches to electoral, policy-making and organizational politics shifted between the 1980s and 1990s as the highly professionalized California State Legislature experienced substantial 'de-professionalization' while the citizen-oriented Indiana State Legislature moved towards a more professionalized structure.

The first part of the paper explores the goals, skills and behavior patterns that characterized California and Indiana legislators in the 1980s, based on original interviews with sixty to eighty lower-house legislators in each state in the mid 1980s. Taken together, these interviews identify the distinctly different ways that representatives approach 'legislative mastery' in professionalized versus the citizen legislatures.

Based on this baseline study, the second half of the paper examines the ways in which goals, skills and behavior patterns of legislators changed as the Indiana state legislature embraced reforms that professionalized its electoral and organizational structures while the California state legislature experienced term limits. Again, sixty to eighty lower-house legislators were interviewed in the mid to late 1990s in each state, following enactment of reforms in each state, using the same questions as in the 1980s.

The resulting analysis provides an extensive assessment of the ways in which a professionalized versus a citizen-oriented legislative structure can shape goals, strategies and behavior patterns and a close examination of the extent to which such patterns of legislative mastery can then be reshaped through organizational, electoral and constitutional reform.

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