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2009 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 99 words || 
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1. Leigey, Margaret. "A Woman's Life Before Serving Life: Examining the Negative Pre-Incarceration Life Events of Female Life-Sentenced Inmates" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 04, 2009 <Not Available>. 2018-10-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p371730_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Despite the increase in the number of females incarcerated, there is a paucity of research concerning female life-sentenced inmates in the United States. Using a nationally representative dataset containing the largest known sample of female life-sentenced inmates, the purpose of the present research is to examine the pre-incarceration traumatic experiences of female life-sentenced inmates. Results indicate that female life-sentenced inmates were more likely to experience traumatic events, in particular abuse, than either male life-sentenced inmates or other female inmates. Logistic regression analyses indicate that abuse is significantly associated with incarceration for a life sentence in both gender specific models.

2016 - American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting Words: 109 words || 
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2. Nellis, Ashley. "Still Life: Current Estimates of Life, LWOP, and Virtual Life Sentences across the U.S." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting, Hilton New Orleans Riverside, New Orleans, LA, <Not Available>. 2018-10-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1147390_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Abstract: Life sentences have become a common fixture of the American criminal justice system. For a variety of reasons that are explored in this paper, states increasingly rely on decades-long incapacitation, sometimes lasting to the end of life, as a favored public safety tool for serious offenders. This paper updates calculations from 2012 on the prevalence of life sentences (both with parole and without parole) around the country, and incorporates a first-ever comprehensive estimate of “virtual life sentences” to measure the use of sentences amounting to 50 years or more. The paper concludes with recommendations for scaling back the overuse of life and virtual life sentences in the U.S.

2014 - Pacific Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 13652 words || 
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3. Hale, Joanna. "Do Early-Life Deprivation and Social Inequalities over the Life Course Impact Late-Life Cognitive Decline?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Pacific Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Marriott Downtown Waterfront, Portland, Oregon, Mar 27, 2014 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2018-10-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p707780_index.html>
Publication Type: Formal research paper presentation
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This project has two main research questions: (1) What is the association between late-life cognitive decline and sociodemographic and health characteristics?; and (2) Does the “natural experiment” of the Great Depression in the U.S. provide evidence that there is an association between prenatal or childhood exposure to food shortage and stress and late-life cognitive decline (cohort effects)? I test five hypotheses related to those questions. The empirical work uses ten waves of the U.S. Health and Retirement Survey, from 1992 to 2010, operationalizing cognitive decline as self- or proxy-reported diagnosis of memory disease. My results suggest that exposure to the Great Depression significantly increases the likelihood of being diagnosed with a memory disease (OR = 1.68, p<0.001). Furthermore, sex (OR=.74, p < .001), stroke one year prior to diagnosis (OR=1.3, p < .001), level of emotional depression two years prior (OR=1.2, p<.001), BMI two years prior (OR=.98, p<.01), and late-life wealth two years prior (OR=.93, p<.01) are associated with the likelihood of a memory disease diagnosis, net of other effects. Hispanic ethnicity has a significant impact in the models until cohort membership is included, while being Black is no longer significant once chronic illnesses are included. In contrast to the Cognitive Reserve hypothesis, neither educational attainment nor occupation are significant when controlling for other factors. I offer some potential explanations for these results.

2009 - NCA 95th Annual Convention Words: 308 words || 
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4. Anarbaeva, Samara. "Gendered Avatar in Second Life: One Woman’s Journey from First Life to Second Life" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the NCA 95th Annual Convention, Chicago Hilton & Towers, Chicago, IL, <Not Available>. 2018-10-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p365253_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: When we are given the chance to have a second life online, we often choose to be ourselves sometimes with a little something extra, for example, younger looking skin or taller figure. Other times we choose a slightly different direction in terms of race and/or gender. This paper explores the construction of a Second Life avatar’s identity in terms of race and gender. Second Life is a growing 3D cyber location inhabited by avatars, who participate in interactions on a daily basis. In Second Life, users can embody a virtual body similar to or different from their non-virtual body. Avatars are created by people who sit behind the computer and possess their own set of lived experiences, identities, characteristics, and beliefs. This work describes several avatar’s journeys on Second Life focusing on the intersections of offline and online materializations of race and gender identities. In creating a second self, how do power imbalances based on gender and ethnicity within global space shape the experiences of the creator? What social and communicative issues emerge through the Second Life existences? These are some of the important questions the communication scholars need to focus when studying technology-mediated communication. In my ethnographic work, I examine the steps an individual takes after an avatar becomes a resident on Second Life in order to respond to these questions. After living on Second Life for over a year, I have accumulated experiences of visiting and exploring hundreds of islands and making Second Life friends. I write about my journey and analyze my narrative using the frameworks suggested by Lisa Nakamura’s Digitizing Race and Cybertypes: Race, Ethnicity, and Identity on the Internet, as well as Tom Boellstorff’s Coming of Age in Second Life. Through this journey of avatar construction, I argue that the identity creation in Second Life is a creative reconstruction of one's identity offline.

2003 - American Sociological Association Words: 3 words || 
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5. O'Rand, Angela. "Life Course Capital and Life Course Risk: Stratification and the Life Course." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Atlanta Hilton Hotel, Atlanta, GA, Aug 16, 2003 <Not Available>. 2018-10-17 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p106123_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: (to be uploaded)

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