Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished ManuscriptAbstract: Juvenile substance abuse is a central issue in criminology research and public policy. Many studies assume or affirm that lifestyle activities influence substance abuse. Few studies, however, have rigorously tested lifestyle exposure theory as an explanation for substance abuse by juveniles. This study empirically assesses lifestyle exposure theory using data from the Monitoring the Future survey of high school seniors.
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished ManuscriptAbstract: The conceptual wall between lifestyles and social movements has created a scholarly blind spot that conceals numerous theoretical insights that reside at the intersection of: private action and movement participation, personal change and social change, and personal identity and collective identity. Drawing upon our research on the Social Responsibility and Voluntary Simplicity Movements we outline a new conceptual category of collective action, lifestyle movements, and present four defining aspects of lifestyle movements: (1) lifestyle (especially consumption) as a tactic of political/social action, (2) the diffuse structure of lifestyle movements, (3) the central role of personal and collective identity, and (4) the links between lifestyle movements and social movements.
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished ManuscriptAbstract: The body of empirical research testing self-control theory has concluded that individuals low in self-control engage in problematic behaviors and experience many negative consequences due to their dispositions. However, few studies have assessed victimization as being one of these negative consequences. Schreck (1999) has recently extended self-control theory by integrating it with a lifestyle model to explain why low self-control individuals are at increased risk for victimization. We replicate and extend Schreck’s work by investigating gang involvement as a risky lifestyle in the self-control/victimization linkage. Using data from a sample of approximately 5,000 adolescents, we pose three research questions. First, can dimensions of self-control account for variation in victimization. Second, is this relationship mediated by gang involvement? Third, is this relationship moderated, or amplified, by gang involvement? Future research directions will be discussed.
Publication Type: PosterAbstract: This poster depicts an examination of youth involvement (violent and nonviolent) in alternative cultures and subcultures (e.g., Goth, Occult, Black Circles, Satanic), focusing on the role of music in influencing youth behaviors. Society and the media often scapegoat music as the cause of youth violence and deviant activity. Personal interviews and participant observations of these youth in the United States and in several other countries (Denmark, Germany, Turkey, Netherlands, and United Kingdom) seem to indicate, however, that participation in these alternative lifestyles and appreciation for the heavy, black, or death metal music, may serve to reinforce a youths bonds to his or her environment. Elements of strain theory and social bond theory are illustrated as a background for a proposed theory of youth involvement in these alternative groups/lifestyles
Publication Type: PosterAbstract: Research has shown that lifestyle-routine activity theory predicts personal and violent victimization. For instance, Fisher, Cullen, Sloan, and Lu (1998) discovered that several indicators of this framework are predictive of college students risk of violent victimization, including robbery. This paper examines the behavioral patterns and lifestyles of both student robbery victims and non-student robbery victims to determine the factors related to robberies that have occurred on or around campus. Findings from victim surveys and general student surveys are used to recommend programs to enhance student safety on and around campus.