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2006 - American Studies Association Words: 485 words || 
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1. Royster, Francesca. "“Feeling Like a Woman, Looking Like a Man, Sounding Like a No-No:” Grace Jones’s Eccentric Sexuality”" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Studies Association, <Not Available>. 2018-12-13 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p114451_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: “Feeling Like a Woman, Looking Like a Man, Sounding Like a No-No:” Grace Jones’s Eccentric Sexuality”

     The darling of Andy Warhol and Keith Haring, Grace Jones is often associated with white gay male subculture. Yet we can see the sign of Grace in the vocal stylings of Nona Hendrix and Nena Cherry in the late 1980’s; in the stagecraft of Tina Turner’s post-Ike renaissance; and in the sartorial and sexual outrageousness of RuPaul and perhaps even Lil’ Kim and Foxy Browne in the 1990s,  moving into the twenty-first century. And we can also see Grace Jones explicitly referenced in African American and Caribbean art that might be outside of the realm of “entertainment”: New York visual and performance artist Lyle Ashton Harris’s “Memoirs of Hadrian #19” and Postmodern cubist Caribbean poet Deborah Richards, in “The Halle Berry One-Two,” for example. In Grace Jones’ work and that of the other black artists influenced by her, we see the wedding of disco and punk; art and fashion; male and female, animal and human, and human and machine to create new notions of black sexuality.
      Grace Jones counters and surpasses traditional notions of gendered erotic performances- for black women in particular-  by occupying and performing the image of  the black female body as “Strange” or “eccentric.”  Here, I call on Carla Peterson’s definition of “eccentric,” “insisting on its double meaning: the first evokes a circle not concentric with another, an axis not centrally placed (according to the dominant system), whereas the second extends the notion of off-centeredness to suggest freedom of movement stemming from the lack of central control and hence new possibilities of difference conceived as empowering oddness.” (Peterson xii).  Jones’ use of drag puts her into the larger history of African Diaspora performers using gender in complex ways. Jones’ drag and other techniques of performing identity pose challenges of readability. She is, in many ways a trickster figure, sliding out of grasp of both her fans and critics. Like three other trickster performers of color who rose to prominence during the same period of the 1980’s and early 1990’s– visual artist Jean-Michel Basquiat, whose works and life constantly poke fun at fears of black sexual potency; performance artist Coco Fusco, whose 1992 collaborations with Guillermo Gómez-Pena, the “Two Undiscovered Amerindians” series, document the “irony of having to demonstrate one’s humanity “ through over the top staged performances of the “savage” on display; and rapper Flavor Flav, “sideman” for the group Public Enemy, whose manic comic persona fueled the critical fire of many of Public Enemy’s most potent political songs-- – Jones uses an outsized, “eccentric” public persona—one that often risks caricature – to lobby critique and to express anger and ultimately, agency. In this  talk, I will explore Jones’ eccentric sexuality in the cultural context of the 1980’s and 1990’s, and the implications of her performances on recent theoretical discourses of transgender identity, drag and desire. 

2015 - SRCD Biennial Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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2. Chestnut, Eleanor. and Markman, Ellen. "A tent is like a house vs. a house is like a tent: The asymmetry of comparisons and its effect on children's construal of concepts" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SRCD Biennial Meeting, Pennsylvania Convention Center and the Philadelphia Marriott Downtown Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Mar 19, 2015 <Not Available>. 2018-12-13 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p959019_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Logically symmetrical predicates are frequently interpreted asymmetrically (e.g., Tversky, 1977). Adults prefer to say, e.g., “My brother met Elvis,” over, “Elvis met my brother.” This is because directional syntax contains figure and ground thematic roles, requiring more prominent items to be placed in the ground (second) position (Talmy, 1978). Little is known about the development of this asymmetric interpretation, but if children share this sensitivity, they could draw rich inferences from minimal linguistic input. To address this, in Studies 1 and 2 we asked whether children prefer to relate figures to grounds when expressing spatial relations and similarity, where the ground should be the larger or more typical item, respectively. Children ages four to six (N = 85) heard twelve sentences containing novel words (e.g., “The kubi is near the fappo”; “A modi is like a feppet") and were asked to map those words onto images in a picture (e.g., a bicycle and a building; a zebra and a horse). Results showed that children prefer to relate figures to grounds, thus making inferences about items’ size and typicality based on their positions in directional statements (Figure 1). In Study 3, we used the same paradigm to ask whether children infer grounds to have greater skill and status in more specific comparisons (e.g., “The blicket dances like the toma”). We also investigated whether including the modal can (e.g., “The blicket can dance like the toma”) or the comparative as well as (e.g., “The blicket dances as well as the toma”) would strengthen this inference. Now, children viewed eight pictures that contained an adult and a child, as adults are more skilled and of higher status than children. Children ages six to eight, but not younger (N = 96), tended to identify the adult as the ground in comparisons containing can and as well as, suggesting that these linguistic cues accentuate asymmetric interpretations of symmetrical comparisons (Figure 2). Finally, in Study 4, we provide evidence for the prevalence and ecological validity of directional comparisons involving gender. Using Google, Twitter, and New York Times search engines, we searched for phrases such as “men are as * as women” and “women are as * as men”, in which the asterisk could be replaced by any word. The results revealed that women are compared to men considerably more often than the reverse: while “men are as * as women” yielded 35,200,000 results in Google, for example, “women are as * as men” yielded 117,000,000. In everyday language, then, directional comparisons between men and women are common, and there is a strong bias for women to serve as the figure and men as the ground. Thus, children may be frequently exposed to statements that, while ostensibly expressing gender equality, actually afford males with higher status. This work has important implications for attempts to counter stereotypes. Telling children that girls can do science as well as boys, for example, may not only perpetuate gender differences, but may even implant the idea that boys are the better scientists.

2016 - American Political Science Association Annual Meeting Words: 125 words || 
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3. Catalinac, Amy. and Smith, Daniel. "Like Father, Like Son: Continuity of Representational Style in Dynasties" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, TBA, Philadelphia, PA, <Not Available>. 2018-12-13 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1123478_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Political dynasties are common in democracies, but their consequences for representation are uncertain. In this study, we argue that members of dynasties are attractive to voters in part because they signal a familiar representational style. We make use of the fact that candidates for Japan’s House of Representatives cultivate personal bailiwicks to mobilize voters during elections, and often bequeath their local support organizations to designated successors when they retire. These successors are sometimes kin, but sometimes non-kin. We estimate the representational style of candidates from 1986-2009 with a quantitative text analysis of pre-electoral candidate manifestos, and find that kin successors adopt representational styles that are statistically indistinguishable from their predecessors, in contrast to non-kin successors. This continuity in representational style holds across different electoral systems.

2008 - International Communication Association Pages: 34 pages || Words: 11478 words || 
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4. Lee, Hye Eun., Park, Hee Sun. and Imai, Tatsuya. "Why Japanesr Are More Likely to Favor "Apology," While Americans Are More Likely to Favor "Thank You"" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 21, 2008 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2018-12-13 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p232588_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This study investigated which speech act is more preferred in favor asking between apologies and thanks in the US and Japan and further attempted to explore how positive and negative face concerns (Brown & Levinson, 1987) relate to preferences for apologies or thanks. For these goals, two survey studies were conducted. In study 1, 152 participants were asked to compose an email message for a situation where a favor was asked. In study 2, 634 participants were asked to fill out one of four versions of a questionnaire, which included a prototype of an email message for the situation described in study 1 and negative and positive face threats measurements. The findings showed that 1) a greater number of Japanese included apologies in their favor asking messages while a greater number of American messages contained, 2) Americans had stronger intentions to use thanks in their favor asking messages than did Japanese, whereas Japanese had stronger intentions to use an apology than Americans did, and 3) including an apology and/or thanks reduced the amount of some types of face threat perceived in favor asking message. Finally, implications and future research directions were discussed.

2018 - 89th Annual SPSA Conference Words: 249 words || 
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5. Jenkins, Clinton. "Like Parent, Like Child? Parental Transmission of Political Values in a High Choice Media" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 89th Annual SPSA Conference, Hyatt Regency, New Orleans, LA, Jan 04, 2018 <Not Available>. 2018-12-13 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1327127_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In recent decades the media environment has fragmented, with consumers increasingly having access to more media choices and partisan news sources. Over this same period, politically engaged parents have become more successful at passing on their political attitudes and behaviors to their offspring, while politically unengaged parents have become less successful. The result is a growing gap in the ability of engaged and unengaged parents to successfully socialize their children with similar political beliefs. I propose an explanation for this “transmission gap” focusing on changes to the media environment in recent decades.

I argue that as media consumption patterns have stratified along parental engagement levels, household media consumption can either strengthen or dampen transmission of political attitudes from parent to child. Using both existing data and an original dataset based on a survey of parents and adolescents from one large Midwestern city and one large Southern city, I demonstrate that the media environment in a household influences the successful transmission of parental attitudes, with parents in households consuming news programming experiencing greater transmission success than those in households consuming mostly entertainment programming, and parents in households that consume partisan news programming experiencing greater success than parents in those other two types of household media environments. By focusing on time-varying contextual factors, this paper suggests that the socialization process, not just the attitudes passed on, is contingent upon the period in which it occurs. Thus, this paper has implications for the study of adolescent political development, political socialization, and political communication.

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