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2006 - American Studies Association Words: 485 words || 
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1. Royster, Francesca. "“Feeling Like a Woman, Looking Like a Man, Sounding Like a No-No:” Grace Jones’s Eccentric Sexuality”" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Studies Association, <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p114451_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: “Feeling Like a Woman, Looking Like a Man, Sounding Like a No-No:” Grace Jones’s Eccentric Sexuality”

     The darling of Andy Warhol and Keith Haring, Grace Jones is often associated with white gay male subculture. Yet we can see the sign of Grace in the vocal stylings of Nona Hendrix and Nena Cherry in the late 1980’s; in the stagecraft of Tina Turner’s post-Ike renaissance; and in the sartorial and sexual outrageousness of RuPaul and perhaps even Lil’ Kim and Foxy Browne in the 1990s,  moving into the twenty-first century. And we can also see Grace Jones explicitly referenced in African American and Caribbean art that might be outside of the realm of “entertainment”: New York visual and performance artist Lyle Ashton Harris’s “Memoirs of Hadrian #19” and Postmodern cubist Caribbean poet Deborah Richards, in “The Halle Berry One-Two,” for example. In Grace Jones’ work and that of the other black artists influenced by her, we see the wedding of disco and punk; art and fashion; male and female, animal and human, and human and machine to create new notions of black sexuality.
      Grace Jones counters and surpasses traditional notions of gendered erotic performances- for black women in particular-  by occupying and performing the image of  the black female body as “Strange” or “eccentric.”  Here, I call on Carla Peterson’s definition of “eccentric,” “insisting on its double meaning: the first evokes a circle not concentric with another, an axis not centrally placed (according to the dominant system), whereas the second extends the notion of off-centeredness to suggest freedom of movement stemming from the lack of central control and hence new possibilities of difference conceived as empowering oddness.” (Peterson xii).  Jones’ use of drag puts her into the larger history of African Diaspora performers using gender in complex ways. Jones’ drag and other techniques of performing identity pose challenges of readability. She is, in many ways a trickster figure, sliding out of grasp of both her fans and critics. Like three other trickster performers of color who rose to prominence during the same period of the 1980’s and early 1990’s– visual artist Jean-Michel Basquiat, whose works and life constantly poke fun at fears of black sexual potency; performance artist Coco Fusco, whose 1992 collaborations with Guillermo Gómez-Pena, the “Two Undiscovered Amerindians” series, document the “irony of having to demonstrate one’s humanity “ through over the top staged performances of the “savage” on display; and rapper Flavor Flav, “sideman” for the group Public Enemy, whose manic comic persona fueled the critical fire of many of Public Enemy’s most potent political songs-- – Jones uses an outsized, “eccentric” public persona—one that often risks caricature – to lobby critique and to express anger and ultimately, agency. In this  talk, I will explore Jones’ eccentric sexuality in the cultural context of the 1980’s and 1990’s, and the implications of her performances on recent theoretical discourses of transgender identity, drag and desire. 

2003 - American Political Science Association Pages: 53 pages || Words: 13238 words || 
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2. Casper, Gretchen. and Tufis, Claudiu. "Cooperating across Crises: Patterns of Elite Behavior in Least Likely and Most Likely Cases of Democracy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia Marriott Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 27, 2003 <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p62978_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Why are some countries democratic and others are not? Why are some countries more democratic than others? Why does democracy exist in “least likely” cases? To answer these questions, this project considers the effects of three contending factors: socioeconomic environments, political institutions, and elite interaction during crises. In this paper, we offer a brief review of the first stage of the project, which found that a baseline model of democracy incorporating socioeconomic and political factors explains almost half of the variance between 114 countries’ actual versus predicted levels of democracy, from 1951 to 1992. Then, we present case histories for a subset of countries to see how elite interaction during crises can raise or lower a country’s level of democracy compared to the baseline model predicted by socioeconomic environments or political institutions. In the end, we identify patterns of elite interaction during crisis situations that help explain the building of trust, thus allowing democracy to develop in “least likely” cases, and those patterns of behavior that breed mistrust and mis-communication, making the consolidation of democratic institutions difficult or impossible even in countries with favorable socioeconomic environments or institutional structures.

2005 - American Sociological Association Pages: 21 pages || Words: 5343 words || 
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3. Vaquera, Elizabeth. and Kao, Grace. "Do You Like Me as Much as I Like You? Friendship Reciprocity among Adolescents" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Marriott Hotel, Loews Philadelphia Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 12, 2005 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-02-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p21983_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Social scientists have long suspected that friendship dyads are not always reciprocated. Using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescence Health (Add Health), a nationally representative dataset, we argue that attributes of the respondent and their friends affect the odds of reciprocity between adolescents. Race and gender are important measures that have an effect in whether the feeling of friendship is reciprocated among adolescents. Our findings indicate that girls and Asian youth the most more likely to reciprocate their friendships. We also argue that interracial friendships still face some barriers to be accepted as equal to same-race friendships, since they are less likely to be reciprocal than their intraracial counterparts. In a future draft, we plan to explore the consequences of having friendships that are not reciprocated.

2003 - American Political Science Association Pages: 37 pages || Words: 10594 words || 
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4. McCallum, Heather. "Welfare Reform: Former TANF Recipients with Impairments Less Likely to Be Employed and More Likely to Receive Federal Supports" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia Marriott Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 27, 2003 <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p61960_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Debates surrounding the reauthorization of welfare reform legislation have involved some discussion regarding outcomes for TANF recipients with physical or mental impairments. To inform this discussion, GAO was asked to report on (1) whether recipients with impairments were as likely to exit TANF as their counterparts without impairments and (2) the sources of income reported by leavers with and without impairments. To obtain this information, GAO analyzed self- reported data for the most recent years available from the Census Bureau's Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP)--a national survey of households that includes questions about TANF status and functional impairments.

Recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) who had impairments were found to be half as likely to exit TANF as recipients without impairments, and recipients caring for children with impairments were found to be less than half as likely to exit TANF as recipients not caring for children with impairments, after controlling for demographic differences such as age, race, and marital status. Although impairments affect exits, other factors, including family support and personal motivation, as well as local TANF policies, may also affect whether recipients exit TANF. After leaving TANF, people with impairments were one-third as likely as people without impairments to be employed, according to a statistical model that controlled for demographic differences, and they were more likely to receive federal supports. Forty percent of leavers with impairments reported receiving cash assistance from Supplemental Security Income (SSI), a federal program designed to assist low-income individuals who are aged, blind, or disabled. Leavers with impairments were also more likely to receive non cash support in the form of Food Stamps and Medicaid than their counterparts without impairments. These findings underscore the challenge states face in ensuring that recipients with impairments and those caring for children with impairments receive the supports they need to meet the work-focused goals and requirements of TANF.

2007 - International Communication Association Pages: 23 pages || Words: 7879 words || 
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5. Vosmeer, Mirjam., Jansz, Jeroen. and Zoonen, Liesbet. ""I'd Like to Have a House Like That": A Study of Adult Female Players of The Sims" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, San Francisco, CA, May 23, 2007 Online <PDF>. 2020-02-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p171501_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This article examines the practices of adult female gamers who play the videogame The Sims, and its successor The Sims 2, focusing on the motivations they have for playing, the context in which they play and their notions on the gendered nature of videogaming in general, and the possible digital skills they think they might derive from playing this game. For this research project 23 face-to-face depth-interviews with female gamers between the ages of 17 and 59 were conducted, and an additional 34 female gamers were interviewed by email. It is concluded that this group of female gamers do not play the game to engage in any form of competition, or to experience arousal, but rather to relax, enjoy the specific challenge of the game and engage in a fantasy-world. Most women have no contact with other female gamers, apart from the women they communicate with online. We have shown that through playing the game a group of participants had learned how to structure information on the computer and look up things on the Internet, and we conclude that playing a videogame can indeed influence someone’s digital skills. We have demonstrated that with selecting a group of women who play one particular game-title, it is possible to isolate a particular type of female gamer and we may thus conclude that within gaming literature it is no longer feasible to consider women gamers to be a homogenous group.

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