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2012 - BISA-ISA JOINT INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE "DIVERSITY IN THE DISCIPLINE: TENSION OR OPPORTUNITY IN RESPONDING TO GLOBAL" Words: unavailable || 
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1. Mustafa Tagma, Halit. "Reason's Limits, and IR's Limiting Function" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the BISA-ISA JOINT INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE "DIVERSITY IN THE DISCIPLINE: TENSION OR OPPORTUNITY IN RESPONDING TO GLOBAL", Old Town district of Edinburgh, Edinburgh Scotland UK, Jun 20, 2012 <Not Available>. 2020-02-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p599885_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript

2008 - MPSA Annual National Conference Pages: 16 pages || Words: 3467 words || 
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2. Mitchell, Joshua. and Toner, Brendan. "Does One Limit Lead to Another? The Diffusion of State Term Limits Across Time and Space" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual National Conference, Palmer House Hotel, Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 03, 2008 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-02-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p268727_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Why have some states adopted legislative term limits and not others? Are states more likely to adopt legislative term limits when gubernatorial ones are already in place? Does term limit adoption have a spatial component?
Supporting Publications:
Supporting Document

2009 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: 27 pages || Words: 7133 words || 
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3. Caputo, Jennifer. and Simon, Robin. "Do Functionally Limited Adults Derive the Same Emotional Benefit from Marriage as their Non-limited Peers?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 08, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2020-02-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p307681_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: While research demonstrates a relationship between marriage and increased emotional well-being in the general population, we know relatively little about the benefit of marriage for functionally limited adults. In this paper, we examine whether the emotional benefits of marriage are as great for functionally limited adults compared to their non-limited peers. Existing research is equivocal and suggests that functionally limited adults derive more, less, and the same benefit from marriage as the non-limited. However, these studies tend to be based on small, non-representative samples of individuals with specific health problems. Our paper assesses differences in the association between marriage and emotional well-being for adults with and without functional limitations using the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS). Multivariate analyses indicate that functionally limited adults derive more benefit from marriage than their non-limited peers with respect to life satisfaction, but there is no difference with respect to other measures of psychological well-being. For the most part, functionally limited and non-limited adults receive similar emotional benefits from marriage. Our findings suggest the importance of considering functional limitation status when assessing the relationship between marriage and emotional well-being.

2007 - International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention Words: 77 words || 
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4. Rengger, Nicholas. "The Limits of Politics or the Politics of Limits: Jean Bethke Eshltain's Ambiguous Augustinianism" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007 <Not Available>. 2020-02-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p179644_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper would focus on the manner in which Elshtain's recent work seems to offer a rather different reading of politics from that disclosed in her earlier writing. I locate this in the context of the relationship - powerful but, I suggest, ambiguous - between her general ideas about politics and her interpretation of Augustine. I then offer some thoughts as to what is at stake in the ambiguity, for Elshtain herself, and for politics in general.

2004 - International Studies Association Pages: 42 pages || Words: 14482 words || 
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5. Heckel, Heather. "Transnational Activism for children: The limited and limiting role of the US in the case of child soldiers" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Le Centre Sheraton Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Mar 17, 2004 <Not Available>. 2020-02-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p74172_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The past twenty-five years have seen a rapid and broad proliferation of transnational advocacy around a myriad of issues including environmental protection, landmines, women’s rights and human rights. While activists have been engaged in seeking new global standards, the United States has increasingly resisted these standards including the Child Rights Convention, the International Criminal Court, the Kyoto Protocol and the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women. US opposition has occurred for a variety of reasons including concerns over encroachment on US sovereignty, efficiency, accountability and domestic elections.

This paper utilizes one case, the issue of child soldiers, to evaluate the roles and impact of activists and the US government during the process of establishing a human rights standard. To assess the impact of the US on the transnational campaign against the use of child soldiers, this study briefly examines the emergence of the issue on the international ‘agenda’ and the negotiation process for a standard within the United Nations. First, I argue that transnational activists were responsible for the emergence of a campaign on child soldiers and that the US played no relevant role during this stage. However, the US role dramatically increased when the UN began to address the issue in 1984. At that time, the political opportunity structure of UN negotiations ensured that the US position highly influenced and limited the final outcome.

This brief study illustrates the complexity of international relations debates over power and influence. While a narrow view of the case shows the US limiting the influence of transnational activists, a more detailed analysis reveals the critical roles of activists who placed the issue on the international agenda in spite of limited US interest. Additionally, an historical analysis also reveals areas where transnational activists exerted significant influence outside of arenas dominated by the US - such as within UN offices and in regional conferences. Ultimately, one can conclude that transnational activism has diverse impact, but when facing the hegemon its impact was curtailed.

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