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2013 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 1170 words || 
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1. Ali, Christopher. "“Local and Local and Local, local”: Conversations With Regulators About the Future of Media Localism in Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Hilton Metropole Hotel, London, England, Jun 17, 2013 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p639729_index.html>
Publication Type: Extended Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper engages with the conceptual, definitional and operational challenges in regulating media localism through interviews with regulators in Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom. This paper will report on these interviews, and review the similarities and differences therein. While analysis is ongoing, potential emergent themes include how regulators are thinking through these important definitional and operational challenges, an expressed hope for the future success of local television, and an ongoing commitment to these aforementioned territorial-based definitions. Ultimately, it will be suggested that the importance of considering the future of media localism and its disparate definitional, conceptual, and operational boundaries is not about cementing definitions, but rather in the conversations themselves. Regulators need to be aware of the many facets comprising a local media ecosystem and the changing nature of “the local” in order to properly regulate the media platforms under their jurisdiction.

2012 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 8863 words || 
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2. Trivette, Shawn. "How Local is Local? Determining the Boundaries of Local Food in Practice" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Colorado Convention Center and Hyatt Regency, Denver, CO, Aug 16, 2012 Online <APPLICATION/DOWNLOAD>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p562457_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: While local food has gained considerable popularity in recent years, attempts have only recently emerged to articulate what local means, with no clear consensus as to what "counts" as local. This paper contributes to this growing discussion by examining farms and food-vendors (such as restaurants, grocery stores, and food processors) in southern New England that self-identify as local; in particular I focus on the range of distances they travel to sell or purchase food. Drawing primarily on a social network data set of farm and food-vendor connections across the regions, this study ultimately asks: what are the forces and conditions that influence the range of travel for local food? I find that the greatest influences on how far local food travels are number of ties to other local food entities, what type of farm or food-vendor they are, size (for farms), and urban proximity (for food-vendors).

2008 - APSA 2008 Annual Meeting Pages: 23 pages || Words: 3972 words || 
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3. Schaap, Linze. "Institutional Reform of European Local Politics and its Impact on Local Democracy. Revitalization by Means of Directly Elected Mayors and a Separation of Local Powers" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA 2008 Annual Meeting, Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts, Aug 28, 2008 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p279974_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Western European countries differ according to the ways in which they organize local government, not least in the manner in which mayors are selected, in the mayors’ statutory positions and responsibilities, and the institutional relations between the council and the mayor/executive board. The institutional arrangements have been modified in several countries. Focal question in the paper is whether the institutional reforms have resulted in a revitalization of local politics and democracy.

A first measure to revitalize local politics is a separation of local political powers. In Germany, the UK, Italy, and the Netherlands powers of the council as the representation of the citizenry at the one hand, and the Mayor or the Executive Board at the other, have been separated. They now both have their more or less exclusive statutory powers, tasks and responsibilities, in some cases resulting from the introduction of directly elected mayors. Question then is, whether these policies lead to a revitalization of local politics.

Secondly, in a number of Western European countries governments have introduced direct elections for the mayor’s office. Despite differences between countries, in all cases the assumption is, that direct mayoral elections do make a difference and that directly elected mayors will appear to be strong leaders. Question, however is to what extent is mayoral performance affected by selection procedures and the statutory position of the mayoral office? The results of a number of comparative empirical studies will be presented in the paper. It will become clear that there are huge differences in mayoral performance. Several factors influencing that performance will be identified. The most important conclusion is that mayoral selection procedures and statutory positions do affect mayoral performance, although not as much as expected. Other factors are at stake.

2012 - International Communication Association Words: 246 words || 
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4. Sanders, Karen., Canel, Maria Jose., Diaz, Francisco. and Gurrionero, Mario. "Building Local Communities: How Spanish Local Governments Establish Relationships With Citizens Through Communication" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Sheraton Phoenix Downtown, Phoenix, AZ, <Not Available>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p555331_index.html>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: Communication of local governments has become central to building trusting and long-term relationships with citizens. However, whether communication undertaken by local governments aims at these relationships, and whether interaction between authorities and citizens is a definitional element of professional communication is something that requires research. In this paper we analyze how professional local government communication is conceptualized and practised in two Spanish cities (Madrid and Bilbao).
We more specifically apply to local governments what has been previously applied to central national governments (Sanders, Canel and Holtz-Bacha, 2011): an analytical framework that includes structural elements related to two administrative organizational dimensions. The first covers formal rules (see Vogel 2010) and the second relates to financial resources. Formal rules include all relevant legislation, policies and guidance as well as organizational charts detailing communication roles. Financial resources include budgets and reward systems. Human resources are regarded as a separate structural element and include the skills, knowledge and values of the communication workforce as detailed in professional profiles, training and recruitment programs together with the number of those employed in communication. The framework also profiles communication processes related to information gathering, analysis and dissemination and, for future research and analysis, processes related to information evaluation.
Using this preliminary analytical framework, and through in-depth interviews with local public authorities and local governments’ spokespeople, we respond to the question of the presence of professionalization in routine political communication, and how the development of professionalism is expressed in structures and processes in different local governments.

2014 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 12385 words || 
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5. Lobao, Linda. and Adua, Lazarus. "Policy-Making by County Governments: Assessing the Impacts of Local Power Actors and Localities’ Objective Problems" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco Union Square and Parc 55 Wyndham San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 15, 2014 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p725434_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: There is an extensive body of theoretical and empirical literature examining factors that shape local governance. Speaking to this literature, this study draws on the growth machine theory and perspectives from the state rescaling and conventional political economy to examine how local pro-growth power actors and localities’ objective problems influence the policy directions of U.S. counties. Relying on a large, nationally-representative dataset (N>1700), we analyzed several austerity and neoliberal-oriented policies. Consistent with the growth machine perspective, we find local pro-growth actors do influence the policy directions of U.S. county governments. Controlling for the effects of counties’ unique social and economic problems only had minimal moderating effects on this relationship (the economic development model only). Net the influences of local pro-growth actors and other variables, we also find strong evidence that localities’ objective problems do impact their policy choices, which is consistent with the state rescaling and conventional political economy perspectives.

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