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2015 - American Society of Criminology – 71st Annual Meeting Words: 187 words || 
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1. Curtis, Karise. and Davies, Andrew. "When is Counsel Provided at First Appearance in Magistrates Courts? Results from a Survey of Judges" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology – 71st Annual Meeting, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, <Not Available>. 2019-05-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1030394_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Abstract: New York’s lowest courts, like those of many states, are numerous, widely scattered, and often staffed by non-lawyer judges. State law requires that arrestees are brought to the nearest court for immediate arraignment, even if that requires waking the judge up in the middle of the night. Providing counsel at these critical hearings, where liberty interests are indeed at stake, is an ongoing logistical problem. We surveyed the entire magistracy of New York State, receiving responses from 66% of town and village courts. The results of the survey suggest counsel is often unavailable during scheduled sessions, and almost never available for ‘off-hours’ arraignments. Preliminary analyses do suggest, however, that counsel is more often available in certain contexts (large, densely populated places for example), and also that it is related to law enforcement practices (e.g. issuance of appearance tickets in place of arrest.) Analyses and discussion seek to set our observations in the context of criminal justice policy-making in local, and especially rural, jurisdictions, and to offer insight into how greater consistency in representation by counsel at first appearance can be achieved.

2017 - 88th Annual SPSA Conference Words: 206 words || 
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2. Burns, Kevin. "A Constitutional Defense of Prerogative: Taft’s Our Chief Magistrate and His Powers" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 88th Annual SPSA Conference, Hyatt Regency, New Orleans, LA, Jan 11, 2017 <Not Available>. 2019-05-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1201066_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Traditional discussions of presidential prerogative power have grouped scholars into “Jeffersonian” and “Hamiltonian” camps, both of which seek to justify the broad-ranging use of executive power in an emergency while also admitting that the prerogative power is technically illegal or extra-legal. This paper will explore William Howard Taft’s understanding of Article II as explained by "Our Chief Magistrate and His Powers." By laying out a theory which both legalizes and limits the president’s use of prerogative, Taft offers an alternative to both Hamiltonian and Jeffersonian scholars and may contribute to the scholarly debate on executive power. In order to confront the problem of prerogative, Taft argues that the Constitution imposes certain duties on the president and necessarily confers the powers needed to perform those duties. Essentially, Taft envisions a sort of necessary and proper clause for the president, laying out a theory of unlimited executive means to achieve limited constitutional ends. After exploring Taft’s theory, I examine his use of prerogative power as president, by addressing his actions in regard to both domestic and foreign crises, and comparing his use of presidential prerogative power to both Theodore Roosevelt’s plans to break the 1902 Pennsylvania Anthracite Strike and Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation.

2017 - Association for Asian Studies - Annual Conference Words: 196 words || 
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3. Lauer, Matt. "The Gang-Beating of the Slave Myŏngaek: A Magistrate's Strategic Representation of Slave Resistance" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Asian Studies - Annual Conference, Sheraton Centre Toronto Hotel, Toronto, Canada, <Not Available>. 2019-05-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1196862_index.html>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: Scholarship on the position of slaves in the late Chosŏn legal system often notes that the emergence of slaves with considerable stores of wealth generated sociopolitical pressures that led to changes in the law codes. Increased recognition of the property rights of slaves, among other rights, formed the central component of those changes. This paper presents a case from early 18th-century Namwŏn concerning a slave whose treatment by the local magistrate suggests a different picture. Myŏngaek, the slave in question, became involved in a love triangle with a local military official and was eventually beaten by that official because of it. The magistrate's handling of the case involves a strategic invocation of slaves' rights for the purposes of convicting the military official, but not exactly for upholding the slaves' rights. The magistrate develops a clever strategy to pressure the military official—one which invokes the increased rights of slaves but, unfortunately, never in a genuine way. This presents a conundrum for understanding the position of slaves in the late Chosŏn: though the strategic aspects of Myŏngaek's case suggests that legal protections were in place, the actual enforcement of those protections were at the discretion of the magistrate.

2008 - International Communication Association Words: 151 words || 
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4. Kozey, Ryan. "International Comparison of Accurate Deception Detection: Australian Magistrates and Circuit Judges" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, <Not Available>. 2019-05-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p234470_index.html>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: The current analysis examines the overall accuracy of deceptive judgment, comparing Australian circuit judges and magistrates. Circuit judges deal more with rendering judgment of the law in applied cases, whereas magistrates are concentrated on the philosophy and interpretation of the law. Preliminary analysis has found that there are no significant differences in overall accuracy judgment (across groups), but significant differences in the overall application of deception detection in cases, as well as correlation differences (within groups) in the estimation of one’s ability to detect deceit and overall accuracy (magistrates) and years of experience in the position with overall accuracy (circuit judges). Findings are germane to the current body of applied nonverbal communication research due to both the access to high-held and influential positions of law as well as the international context from which the data have been collected. Future research in this area seeks to examine more juxtapose judges internationally.

2009 - The Law and Society Association Pages: 29 pages || Words: 13383 words || 
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5. Rauschenbach, Mina. "The Position of Crime Victims in the Swiss Criminal Justice System: Comparison between the Discourses of Victims, Lawyers, and Magistrates" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Grand Hyatt, Denver, Colorado, May 25, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2019-05-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p303571_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Although crime victims are increasingly taken into account and afforded more rights by the criminal justice system than in the past, research shows that many of them nevertheless seem to feel that the judicial system has not lived up to its promises and that they sometimes have unrealistic expectations about the healing power of a judicial process. But, affording crime victims a greater position in the legal system could not only be an inappropriate answer to victim’s needs, but could also hinder the functioning of the legal process. With the aim of understanding the actual position and expectations victims harbour towards the penal system and the consequences of these for the judicial actors, lawyers, magistrates and victims were interviewed, using semi-directive techniques. Current results of the content analyses carried out on these different discourses point to the conclusion that allowing victims a greater position in the legal system may neither be the best way for victims to obtain the restoration they expect, nor help improve the effectiveness of the criminal justice system. These research findings should hopefully contribute to a better understanding of the impact of the current prominence of victims in the legal process. These results also seem to provide support for the relevance of restorative forms of justice as a means of helping victims go through a reparation process.

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