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2015 - ASALH Centennial Annual Meeting and Conference Words: 134 words || 
1. Chambliss, Julian. "The Comic Book City: The Making, Re-Making, and Un-Making of the American City" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASALH Centennial Annual Meeting and Conference, Sheraton Atlanta Hotel, Atlanta, GA, <Not Available>. 2018-04-25 <>
Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: Metropolis: any large city or the chief; and sometimes capital city of a country, state, or region; or the mother city or parent state of a colony.

Gotham: journalistic shorthand for New York City or an English village, proverbial for the foolishness of its inhabitants.

While the definitions indicate broad urban experience, the comic book discourse linked to Metropolis and Gotham are informed and transformed by historic aspirations and apprehensions associated with city life in the United States. This paper explores the binary between triumph and failure associated with urbanism in superhero comic book narratives. More than the backdrop for fantastic adventures, Metropolis and Gotham are amalgamating fictive landscapes that act as spaces of emergent ideology continually reflecting splintered communal realities linked to conflicts linked to race, class, and gender in the city.

2006 - The Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 56 pages || Words: 14233 words || 
2. Haspel, Moshe., Remington, Thomas. and Smith, Steven. "Law Making and Decree Making in the Russian Federation: Time, Space, and Rules in Russian National Policy Making" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 20, 2006 <Not Available>. 2018-04-25 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The 1993 Russian constitution created a hybrid presidential-parliamentary system in which the president has the power to initiate and veto legislation and to issue normative decrees. We identify three sets of influences on the use of these law-making and decree-making powers by the president and parliament: those stemming from basic constitutional constraints on the use of decree-making power; those associated with long-term and short-term temporal considerations; and the effect of change in the policy distance between the president and the Duma. These factors shape the strategic context in which the two presidents and four Dumas since 1993 have operated. On the basis of a comprehensive examination of the record of laws and decrees promulgated from 1994 through 2004, we evaluate and largely confirm these propositions. A case study of the use of law and decree in setting policy in the area of land ownership illustrates the interplay of these forces.

2013 - American Studies Association Annual Meeting Words: 362 words || 
3. Hamilton, Jack. "Making Beats, Making Wakes: Loss, Memory, and Style in the Music of RZA and DJ Premier" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Studies Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Washington, Washington, DC, <Not Available>. 2018-04-25 <>
Publication Type: Internal Paper
Abstract: In the 1990s New York City hip-hop underwent an aesthetic renaissance, the energies of which flowed from samplers and mixing boards as much as from lyric sheets and microphones. Emerging from a period in which hip-hop’s commercial center had shifted from its NYC roots toward the West Coast “gangsta rap” subgenre, two influential New York-based producers, Wu-Tang Clan’s RZA and Gang Starr’s DJ Premier, helped revitalize East Coast hip-hop through groundbreaking sampling styles and production aesthetics, forging soundscapes that obsessively gestured towards musical pasts while pioneering new styles of expression. This paper explores tropes of memory, history and loss in the sampling aesthetics and production work of two of the most influential and prolific sonic architects of pre-millennial American music, and argues that through sampling these two artists constructed audible counter-histories for a politically and culturally neglected urban underclass while metonymically articulating grief, grievance, and tribute in a post-Moynihan, post-Reagan era.

Building from Jonathan Sterne’s work on sound reproduction’s historical link to mourning practices, this paper contends that these artists’ music is marked by three distinct but convergent types of memorialization. The first of these types is musical, as the composition techniques of both Premier and RZA rely heavily on samples from both older black musical traditions and contemporary rap artists, preserving a larger musical past while simultaneously inscribing the history of their own art form. The second is personal, evidenced by the obsessive tributes to deceased peers that pervade the genre of hip-hop and have specifically informed the music of these two producers. The third and most crucial is communal, in which the musical and personal are combined into a larger engine of memory. In this formulation, tracks like “Can It Be All So Simple,” “Tearz” and “Ain’t The Devil Happy” can be heard as sites of memory where dominant cultural narratives of urban decay and self-destruction are subverted, critiqued and contested. Hip-hop’s commercial ascendance from subculture to mainstream culture over the past twenty years—an ascendance in which both Premier and RZA are thoroughly implicated—has provided the form with unprecedented mobility, and yet its aesthetic formations reveal a fierce unwillingness to forget the past and present communities from which the music sprung.

2016 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
4. Qian, Hui. "Make the Grants, Make the Market: How W.K.Kellogg Foundation Funds the Local Food Market in Michigan" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Washington State Convention Center, Seattle, WA, Aug 17, 2016 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2018-04-25 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: As an alternative model to the highly energy- and capital-intensive conventional agriculture, the local food movement advocates for a place-based food economy that employs ecologically sound and socially equitable food and farming practices. While previous studies generally perceive the local food movement as market-oriented and consumer-driven, the process through which concerns with food insecurity and environmental degradation have translated into the local food movement is under-theorized. Even less acknowledged are roles and influences of private foundations in the formation of a niche market and normalization of a neoliberal economy.

To explore how private foundations affect the creation and development of the local food market and the local food movement in general, this paper borrows from theories on social movement philanthropy and resource mobilization to examine the W.K. Kellogg Foundation’s grant-making activities in Michigan. Based on data analysis of 201 grants awarded to food-related programs in Michigan from 1989 to May, 2015, I argue that WKKF has greatly shaped the process of local and regional food system building by promoting and funding local food marketing and consumption. WKKF strategically distributed its grants among a few organizations working on food issues both within and outside of the state, and in doing so formed a multi-organizational network that has stimulated and sustained local food consumption. My study therefore challenges the typical perception of the local food movement as market-oriented and consumer-driven, arguing that private foundations like WKKF have played critical roles in creating and developing the local food market, at least in Michigan.

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