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2016 - AAS-in-Asia, Kyoto Words: 245 words || 
1. Nagaike, Kazumi. "Male Desires and Hopes to “Become” Fudanshi (“rotten men”): Heterosexual Male Readings of Male-Male Romance Fiction" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AAS-in-Asia, Kyoto, Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan, <Not Available>. 2019-02-23 <>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: The BL (Boys’ Love) genre, which features male-male romance narratives and eroticism mainly targeted at female readers, has been widely acknowledged, both in Japan and abroad, as a significant component of Japanese popular culture. Though previous BL studies have often concluded that BL works are mostly produced by and for women, as I have suggested elsewhere (Nagaike, 2015), in Japan there are also many male BL readers (termed fudanshi, or “rotten men”), including self-identified heterosexuals. This necessitates a recognition of the discursive queerness entailed in heterosexual male readings of male homosexual narratives such as BL. Based primarily on ethnographic research concerning Japanese heterosexual BL readers’ communities and communications, this paper attempts to unveil both the psychological orientation of fudanshi, as well as their physicality (e.g. genital-arousal, masturbation, physical relationship with others) in relation to the consumption of BL narratives. I will demonstrate a psychological (subconscious) male desire for self-feminization, aligned with a temptation felt by many men to subvert or negate the construction of a strong, masculine ego. An analysis of these fudanshi’s reading practices also contributes to the critical discussion concerning the ways in which such aspects of male physicality relate to the components of men’s “real” lives, as well as to prevalent social constructions of masculinity. Hence, how and why self-identified heterosexual male readers of BL subvert the established idealization of “successful masculine salaryman” (Dasgupta, 2013) should be analyzed as a means to encompass the individuality of desire within contemporary Japanese socio-cultural contexts.

2007 - American Sociological Association Pages: 17 pages || Words: 5043 words || 
2. Weiss, Karen. "Male Sexual Victimization: An Exploration of Male Victims' Experiences and Perceptions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, TBA, New York, New York City, Aug 11, 2007 Online <PDF>. 2019-02-23 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper examines 94 male victimization narratives from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) for a better understanding of men’s experiences and perceptions of unwanted sexual contact and coercion. The study delineates both the similarities and gendered differences between men’s and women’s unwanted sexual experiences, and focuses especially on men’s accounts for not reporting incidents to the police. The study’s findings suggest that social definitions of “real” rape and normative constructions of masculinity contribute to both the lower reporting rates for men and a higher incidence of shame and embarrassment indicated by men who experience sexual victimization.

2008 - American Studies Association Annual Meeting Words: 399 words || 
3. Thomas, Harry. "�Male (Semi)Nude in Bathroom": Photographic Production On The Frontlines of the Changing Male Body Image" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Studies Association Annual Meeting, Hyatt Regency, Albuquerque, New Mexico, <Not Available>. 2019-02-23 <>
Publication Type: Invited Paper
Abstract: This paper aims to examine one particular phenomenon that is linked to both the mainstreaming of bodybuilding within American popular culture and the rise of Internet culture: the bathroom muscle-shot. A tour of popular social networking sites such as and turns up enormous numbers of these self-conscious self-portraits: photographs of teenage boys and twenty-something men stripped to the waist, flexing and showing off for the flash of a digital camera inside their own bathrooms.
In examining a range of these photographs, �Male (Semi)Nude in Bathroom� will attempt to historicize them. This new sub-genre of self-portraiture calls to mind a long tradition of images�photographic and otherwise: classical greek nudes, pictures of strongman Eugen Sandow (a late 19th century vaudeville sensation who billed himself as the world's strongest man and whose act included a session where audience members could touch his muscles), Bob Mizer's postwar (roughly 1940-1970) homoerotic photography for the "Athletic Model Guild," and photographs of the male body in contemporary men's magazines such as Men�s Health. I will be examining the ways the current images differ from their precursors; I will also examine how they are related to the rising prevalence (since at least the 1990s) of male body image anxiety, the pressure that teenage boys and twenty-something men feel to have�and display�the �six-pack� abs, peaked biceps and hairless chests popularized by the mainstreaming of bodybuilding culture. My work here borrows from the methodology that David M. Lubin uses in his book Shooting Kennedy, where he argues that all images in American culture draw -- even if only unconsciously -- on a huge archive of pre-existing images.
I will also consider the production and circulation of these images in light of Mark Simpson�s argument in Male Impersonators that to be a man in western culture now means spending lots of time and money sculpting oneself into the object that can be desired by others, a position that had, for centuries, been a solely feminine one. Ostensibly, these images might be seen as something private, an aspiring bodybuilder�s visual record of his own physical development. But of course these aren�t private images: they are posted online, in semi-public and public spaces. So who then, is the audience for these images? Who consumes them, how do they circulate and what kind of �cultural work� do they perform?

2009 - American Psychology - Law Society Words: 96 words || 
4. Beringer Jones, Megan., Wiener, Richard., Cantone, Jason., Richter, Erin. and Skovran, Leah. "Male on male harassment: Power, blameworthiness and assertiveness" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, TBA, San Antonio, TX, <Not Available>. 2019-02-23 <>
Publication Type: Symposium Paper
Abstract: This paper reports on qualitative and quantitative analyses (concept mapping) of interviews we conducted with 150 full time workers about sexual harassment allegations between male workers. Consistent with the law, our results showed both male and female workers relied more on the offensiveness of the conduct than intentions of the alleged harassers to determine what constituted sexual harassment. Concept maps of descriptors of alleged victims and harassers emphasized which side of a power relationship that the harassers and victims occupied in order to classify them into types of complainants and perpetrators. Policy implications are discussed.

2011 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 216 words || 
5. Straus, Murray. "Assaults by Women on Male Partners in 30 Male-Dominant Nations: What Explains the Paradox?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, Nov 15, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-02-23 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Over 200 studies, mostly in Euro-American nations, found about the same percent of women as men physically assault marital and dating partners. Two types of data were used to investigate whether the similar assault rates apply in highly male-dominant socieites. First, 30 published studies of male-dominant nations found partner assault rates by women of 3%-to-49% (30 nation mean-23%) and by men 6%-to-66% (mean-28%). Thus, almost as many women as men in highly male-dominant nations assaulted. One explanation is self-defense, but evidence for 11 male-dominant nations, together with evidence from many other nations suggests that self-defense explains only a small percent of the assaults by either women or men. A second explanation is that the high rate of female assaults in male-dominant nations, like the high rate of male assaults, reflects the high level of punitiveness and violence in those nations. This was tested using data from 32 nations which varied from equliatrian to male-dominant. Results using four measures of societal violence (national rates of homicide, violence approval, violent socialization, and legality of corporal punishment in families, schools, judicial punishment, and prisions,) found that the more violent the nation the higher the percent of women who assaulted a partner. Implications for theories of violence against women are discussed.

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