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2009 - International Communication Association Words: 161 words || 
1. Lang, Kurt. and Lang, Gladys. "Mass Society, Mass Culture, and Mass Communication: The Meanings of Mass" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott, Chicago, IL, <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: In the 1950s the concept of mass, which has a long and respectable history, came under attack with Edward A. Shils and Daniel Bell in the vanguard. Criticisms drew on an accumulation of evidence from social science studies about the continuing significance of informal social relationships in modern society. This paper traces the varying definitions of "mass" back to their origins and to their underlying assumptions about the nature of changes attending industrialization and and advances in communication technology that made possible rapid transmission of a uniform content to a geographically dispersed audience. Much of the criticism of the concept of mass strikes us as misdirected, on the one side, at conservatives who fear the masses and, on the other, at the disdain felt mostly, but not exclusively, by neo-Marxist intellectuals toward the culture of the market place. When mass behavior is sociologically rather than ideologically defined, as it should be, its increasingly important role in contemporary life becomes unavoidably clear.

2017 - American Society of Criminology Words: 68 words || 
2. Tietjen, Grant. "A Theory of Socio-Political Effects of Mass Incarceration on the United States: Mass Correctional Reform Equals Mass Pro-Social Reform" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Abstract: Mass incarceration incapacitates social productivity and limits opportunity for a large percentage of American citizens, including convicts, ex-convicts, and the family members of convicts and ex-convicts. Enacting policy which serves to de-stigmatize and re-integrate the formerly incarcerated into general population as fully restored citizens will function to break down obstacles to social equality, increasing access to education, employment, opportunity structures, and the reduction of negative social stigmas.

2016 - ICA's 66th Annual Conference Words: 348 words || 
3. Adam, Silke., Eugster, Beatrice., Antl-Wittenberg, Eva. and Kritzinger, Sylvia. "Faces of Euroskepticism in the mass media – A seven country analysis of mass media communication in the run-up to the EP elections 2014" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 66th Annual Conference, Hilton Fukuoka Sea Hawk, Fukuoka, Japan, <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: Different from the first two papers, this paper focuses on media coverage with clear-cut evaluations on the European Union respectively on EU integration. We seek to understand under which conditions mass media cover Euroskeptic positions – either in their commentary section or by quoting “opportune witnesses” (Hagen 1993) in their reporting. Euroskepticism “expresses the idea of contingent or qualified opposition, as well as incorporating outright and unqualified opposition to the process of European integration” (Taggart 1998). We applied this definition to our analysis of media coverage of European integration issues.
To test under which conditions mass media turn Euroskeptic we rely on a quantitative content analysis of quality and tabloid newspapers’ EU reporting 12 weeks preceding the EP elections. We do so in seven countries (Germany, Austria, the Netherlands, France, Great Britain, Portugal, Greece) that vary systematically according to their degree of political parallelism as well as in their degree of elite polarization (measured by means of quantitative content analysis of parties’ press releases).
We thereby expect variation among media outlets. As the tabloid style of reporting is known for its tendency to mix fact and factions and its critical evaluations (Brichta 2006; Esser 1999), we expect tabloids to be the frontrunner for Euroskeptic position-taking. Beyond, country differences may be explained by the degree of politicization of EU integration among political elites. According to Benett’s indexing hypothesis “mass media news professionals […] tend to ‘index’ the range of voices and viewpoints in both news and editorials according to the range of views expressed in mainstream government debate about a given topic.“ (Bennett 1990: 106). We therefore expect that in countries, where political elites hold conflicting positions regarding EU integration, the media through the coverage of Euroskeptic positions will capture this conflict. In countries, where a pro-European consensus dominates, we will hardly find any Euroskeptic positions in media coverage. The strength of political parallelism within a media system serves as a moderator for the coverage of Euroskeptic positions in the media (Hallin & Mancini 2004). The higher the political parallelism the more mass media reflect political positions in a biased way.

2016 - Association for Asian Studies - Annual Conference Words: 249 words || 
4. Irwin, Anthony. "The Swords and the Stones: Mass Production and Mass Access to Power in Contemporary Northern Thai Sīmā Space Consecration Ceremonies" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Asian Studies - Annual Conference, Washington State Convention Center, Seattle, WA, <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: I investigate the recent mass-proliferation of objects central to the Theravada Buddhist sīmā consecration ceremony. Sīmā space is ritually established ground in which certain monastic ceremonies must be held. Historically, sīmā space has been consecration by burying nine large stones, suspended by rattan, around the perimeter and center of the sīmā space. The stones are ritually buried by nine elite patrons, who cut the rattan supports with ritually produced swords. Participation in this ritual is usually secured by generous donations. Cutting the rattan is considered to be one of the most spiritually beneficial rituals in the Thai Buddhist repertoire. The swords and stones used in the ritual are held as rare efficacious objects imbued with large stores of power emanating from monastic, royal, and local sources. While it is still the norm for these rituals to produce nine stones and nine rattan-cutting swords, a growing number of northern Thai sīmā consecration rituals now feature hundreds of stones and participants who collectively cut the rattan supports with mass-produced swords.
These swords and stones have recently transformed from rare objects restricted to the elite, into highly proliferated items that are accessible to the general population.
Here I track the myriad of meanings that accumulate on these objects throughout time, and how these objects serve as anchors of meaning and narrative for Thai Buddhists. I argue that the recent changes and innovations surrounding the production and accessibility of these objects points toward a “democratization” of the sīmā consecration ceremony in northern Thai Buddhism.

2012 - ISPP 35th Annual Scientific Meeting Words: 98 words || 
5. Harrison, Sarah. and Bruter, Michael. "Feeling European? Mass European identity in the 27 member states - results of a mass panel study" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 35th Annual Scientific Meeting, Mart Plaza, Chicago, IL, Jul 06, 2012 <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper presents the results of a mass survey of over 30,000 respondents conducted in all 27 member states of the European Union the day after the June 2009 European Parliament elections, as well as two more waves conducted in 8 countries in late 2010 and early 2012.

We show how 'European' Europeans feel, how stable this identity is over time, we distinguish between civic and cultural components of European identity, explore some of the key psychological roots of European identity, the links between European identity levels, democratic attitudes and extremism, and the impact of identity on electoral behaviour.

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