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Showing 1 through 4 of 4 records.
2017 - APSA Annual Meeting & Exhibition Words: 236 words || 
1. Masthay, Theodore. "A Second Helping: Former MCs Returning to Congress" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA Annual Meeting & Exhibition, TBA, San Francisco, CA, Aug 31, 2017 <Not Available>. 2019-09-18 <>
Publication Type: iPoster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In the 114th Congress, fourteen members of the House of Representatives were among a select group of legislators who were holding their offices for the second time. Either through electoral defeat or voluntary retirement, former members of Congress who have left the institution always have the option of attempting a return. The decision to do so is curious, since their private sector opportunities may be substantially more lucrative than a return to legislative life. Particularly those who were vanquished electorally, the decision to attempt a comeback may cause a greater personal cost to be incurred since they have been rebuked by their constituents once before. I investigate and identify the former members of the House of Representatives most likely to make an attempt at a return. This study has implications for the study of representation, as these legislative recidivists have an opportunity to show their constituents that they have learned the lesson of their defeats with their official actions in Congress the second time around. It also contributes to scholarship on legislative careers, where studies continuously show greater job satisfaction among House Democrats than their Republican counterparts. As a result, it should be expected that a greater proportion of former Democratic MCs attempt comebacks. All told, almost four hundred members of Congress have served interrupted careers in the House and countless others have attempted to, warranting their study as a distinct population within the legislative branch.

2014 - 38th Annual NCBS National Conference Words: 322 words || 
2. Hill, Marcus. "Hip Hop Entrepreneurs and a White Rapper Named Macklemore: How Hip Hop’s Newest MCs are Changing the Rules of the Recording Industry" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 38th Annual NCBS National Conference, Miami Marriott Dadeland Hotel, Miami, Florida, Mar 05, 2014 <Not Available>. 2019-09-18 <>
Publication Type: Individual Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Since its inception in the South Bronx during the 1970s, Hip Hop and the culture that surrounds it has been the target of much criticism. From media pundits blaming Hip Hop for America’s misogyny problem and violence against women, to academic scholars arguing Hip Hop promotes drug culture and youth violence; there is no shortage of examples of the criticism directed towards Hip Hop. What often goes overlooked in the conversations and debates about Hip Hop is the positive that exists within Hip Hop. Hip Hop is the first African American musical genre to thus far, avoid being commandeered by White artists, leaving the Black artists relegated to the occasional mention as an influence. More importantly, Hip Hop is changing how the recording industry does its day-to-day business. Through an entrepreneurial spirit that reaches back to the origins of Hip Hop in the South Bronx, Hip Hop artists are no longer banging on the doors of the record labels begging for contracts. Hip Hop’s newest and biggest artists, such as Drake, A$AP Rocky and the A$AP Mob, Kendrick Lamar, 2 Chainz, Macklemore, and Wiz Khalifah are taking artist development into their own hands. In the last 3 to 5 years, all of these artists have released major label debut albums that premiered within the top 10 slots on the U.S. Billboard 200 top album charts. This paper critically examines and highlights how Hip Hop artists are using traditional hip hop marketing techniques—e.g., mixtapes, EPs, and independent albums—and modern technology, to build a brand and following all before signing a major record deal; in some cases, before releasing a major radio hit. The goal of this paper is to take the conversations about Hip Hop to a realm that goes beyond criticism and cynicism. Hip Hop is not without its fault. But Hip Hop also needs to be acknowledged for how it is changing the recording industry beyond the scope of Hip Hop.

2018 - MPSA Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
3. Bernhard, William., Paschall, Collin. and Sulkin, Tracy. "Surviving Scandal: Legislative Activity and MCs' Inoculation Strategies" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual Conference, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 05, 2018 <Not Available>. 2019-09-18 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: We explore why some MCs successfully survive scandals and others do not. We show how their legislative activity can inoculate them from consequences.

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