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2015 - ARNOVA’s 44th Annual Conference Words: 89 words || 
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1. Lall, Saurabh. "Measuring to Improve Vs. Measuring to Prove: Understanding Evaluation and Performance Measurement in Social Enterprise" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ARNOVA’s 44th Annual Conference, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, Illinois, Nov 18, 2015 <Not Available>. 2018-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1033608_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: There is growing interest in the phenomenon of social enterprise around the world, and one of the key topics of discussion is the issue of measuring the social value created by these organizations. However, there is limited academic research on the evaluation and performance measurement practices of social enterprises. Given their dual priorities, what motivates social enterprises to measure their impact? This research examines the internal and external antecedents of these measurement practices using a novel dataset of 2014 early stage social enterprises, through the lens of organizational theory.

2008 - MPSA Annual National Conference Pages: 43 pages || Words: 10492 words || 
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2. Melton, James. "Measuring Alienation and Indifference: A Validity Test of Several Commonly Used Measures" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual National Conference, Palmer House Hotel, Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 03, 2008 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2018-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p266602_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper seeks to identify the most valid method of measuring alienation and indifference.

2008 - ISPP 31st Annual Scientific Meeting Pages: 42 pages || Words: 9992 words || 
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3. Marcus, George., MacKuen, Michael. and Neuman, W.. "Measuring Subjective Emotional Responses: Contrasting Various Approaches to Measurement" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 31st Annual Scientific Meeting, Sciences Po, Paris, France, Jul 09, 2008 <Not Available>. 2018-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p243942_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Abstract: As emotions have become more central to the explanatory theories of political psychology, careful measurement with measures of known validity and reliability become critical to the scientific venture. In this paper we report on various alternatives way of measuring elicited emotional responses to stimuli of the sort likely to be used in political psychology research. We contrast labeled radio buttons, Likert formats and sliders (wherein, using on screen computer technology, subjects manipulate a movable slider to a desired value). We report on the reliability and validity of the tested alternatives and make recommendations.

2011 - International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition" Pages: 34 pages || Words: 11009 words || 
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4. Kasten, Lukas. "Do Confidence-Building Measures Help to Terminate Interstate Rivalries? A Quantitative Analysis of the Effect of Confidence-Building Measures (CBMs) on Rivalry Termination" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA, Mar 16, 2011 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2018-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p499949_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Using a new and innovative dataset of CBMs classifying CBMs along a five-point scale of expected effectiveness this research paper deals with the role of CBMs within the process of interstate rivalry termination. To demonstrate a pacifying effect of CBMs I distinguish between negotiated and forced rivalry termination processes and argue that CBMs solely increase the probability of negotiated rivalry termination. By doing so I overcome theoretical and empirical deficits of existing studies on rivalry termination which frivolously treat different rivalry outcomes as equal. My theoretical argument is based on insights from bargaining theory: The rival’s drive for security and the costs of continued rivalry make the decision to continue the dispute an ex post inefficient decision: rivals actually could find a mutually acceptable agreement that resembles more or less the likely outcome of the dispute and thus could save the costs of rivalry continuation. However high levels of fear and mistrust cause the problem of private information and credible commitment and increase the risk of bargaining failure. CBMs increase mutual strategic trust and in this way can help to locate mutually acceptable bargains and solve commitment problems. I test my assumptions on Thompson’s list of strategic rivalries. Using Cox- Survival- models and applying a competing risk set approach I show that a combination of bilateral and multilateral CBMs increase the likelihood of negotiated rivalry termination.

2011 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 247 words || 
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5. Young, Jacob. "Age, Peers, and Delinquency: Examining the Age-Varying Effects of Peer Delinquency Using Perceptual Measures and Social Network Measures" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, <Not Available>. 2018-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p515412_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The correlation between peer and individual delinquency is one of the most replicated findings in the social sciences and multiple studies show that the effect of peers on delinquency vary with age, exhibiting a developmental feature. These findings provide support for developmental arguments of crime and delinquency which emphasize the dynamic properties of causal mechanisms. However, these studies have relied on perceptual measures of peer delinquency, which have been shown to be substantially biased by the respondentʼs own behavior, potentially limiting inference. This study contributes to this literature by using data from three waves of the Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement (NSCR) School Project. These data include self-reports by school friends of their own delinquent behavior, as well as respondentsʼ estimates of peerʼs behavior, making it possible
> to compare the influence of each measure of peer delinquency on respondent delinquency over the developmental period. Findings from multilevel models indicate that, consistent with prior work, the effect of perceptual measures of peer delinquency vary over the developmental period studied. However, contrary to prior work, measures of peer delinquency obtained from the respondentʼs peer network do not vary in their effect over time. In addition, the findings indicate that the effect of the respondentʼs perceptions have a substantially stronger effect on their behavior compared to the actual behavior reported by peers. These findings suggest that the dynamic feature of peer delinquency on respondent delinquency mainly reflects respondentʼs perceptions of peer behavior. Implications are discussed.

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