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2004 - American Sociological Association Pages: 21 pages || Words: 8052 words || 
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1. Barnes, Nielan. and Farber, Lauren. "Assessing Individual and Cultural Factors that Increase HIV Risk for African American and Latino Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) and Men Who Have Sex with Men and Women (MSM/W)" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA,, Aug 14, 2004 Online <.PDF>. 2018-09-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p109302_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: All evidence to date indicates that African Americans and Latinos are disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the United States. The primary mode of transmission and risk factor is men who have sex with men (MSM). Within the MSM of color population, there are a significant number of men who have sex with both men and with women (MSM/W), yet who do not identify as bisexual or gay. Due to its hidden nature, this sub-population of MSM faces much greater HIV risk. This paper presents data and findings from a Rapid Assessment and Response Evaluation (RARE) project conducted in San Diego with a multi-ethnic sample of MSM and MSM/W. The paper addresses limitations in HIV prevention efforts by discussing the connections between and impact of 1) contextual structural and cultural factors; 2) individual psychological and demographic characteristics of MSM and MSM/W of color, and 3) prevention strategies targeting MSM of color. The role of negative cultural attitudes about sex and HIV/AIDS, self-esteem, substance use and lack of general knowledge about HIV/AIDS and HIV interventions are explored. The paper concludes by making programmatic and policy recommendations to improve HIV prevention efforts for MSM and MSM/W of color.

2015 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 13939 words || 
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2. Bearak, Jonathan. "Some Men Earn More, Some Men Earn Less; Which Men Earn More When They Marry?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Chicago and Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Aug 20, 2015 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2018-09-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1004892_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This article investigates the effect of marriage on male earnings through an analysis of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1979-2010). Unlike prior research, this article does not assume that marriage affects men who earn a lot the same way that it affects men who earn little. The analysis shows that low-earning men marry around a time in their lives when they do particularly well: their earnings rise before they marry, peak around the fourth year, and then decline. In contrast, among high-earning men, earnings grow after and not before they marry. Recent scholarship questions the direction of causation between marriage and earnings because the average man’s earnings begin to rise shortly before marriage. However, the evidence that selection into marriage rather than effects of marriage explain men’s marriage premium pertains not to all but a subset of men – those at the bottom of the earnings distribution – a group of men also less likely to marry and remain married. For men higher in the distribution, marriage elevates earnings. Thus, ironically, marriage may have a causal effect on male earnings – just not on the earnings of the poor men on whom social scientists and policymakers focus most of their concern about the retreat from marriage. Marriage reinforces preexisting male earnings inequality, by increasing the distance between men at the bottom and top of the distribution. Thus, decreasing socioeconomic disparities in marriage rates will not decrease male earnings inequality—unless by a process which discourages high-earning men from marrying.

2016 - Southwestern Social Science Association 97th Annual Meeting Words: 92 words || 
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3. Young, Tristen. "For Men Only: How Men Present Comportment and Attire for Other Men" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Social Science Association 97th Annual Meeting, Paris and Bally’s Hotels, Las Vegas, Nevada, Mar 23, 2016 <Not Available>. 2018-09-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1108802_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper examines the role the male gaze plays in men’s bodywork and fashion trends. Using a hybrid masculinities framework and drawing heavily on Tristan Bridges Theory of Sexual Aesthetics, I highlight the overlap in hyper-masculine aesthetics and presentation employed by young, straight, white, men and gay subcultures, both of which seek to socially distance themselves from femininity. I will use three examples from popular culture and mass marketing to demonstrate this entanglement and push away from feminization under the male gaze. As such, I propose hyper-masculine presentations are for other men.

2006 - International Communication Association Pages: 25 pages || Words: 6095 words || 
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4. Taylor, Laramie. "Men, Sex, and Magazines: Correlates of Reading Men’s Magazines among College Men" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Dresden International Congress Centre, Dresden, Germany, Online <PDF>. 2018-09-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p90341_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Lad magazines present a view of men that privileges sexual variety rather than intimacy, that focuses on male sexual pleasure as the most important outcome, and that is strongly ambivalent about romantic relationships as the context for sex. The present study explores the relationships between reading Lad magazines and the endorsement of beliefs and attitudes that are consistent with their content as well as the way men view themselves sexually. Two surveys of male undergraduates (n = 91 and 68, respectively) are employed. The findings indicate a consistent relationship between reading Lad magazines and endorsement of permissive sexual attitudes independent of actual sexual behavior and status. Reading Lad magazines is also associated with expectations of greater sexual variety and a more aggressive sexual self-schema. Reading pornographic magazines is also found to be associated with permissive attitudes and expectations of greater sexual variety.

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