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2018 - ICA's 68th Annual Conference Words: 347 words || 
1. Hartmann, Maren. "When the mobile meets the mobile: The normative framework of (mobile) time: Chrono-normativity, power-chronography and mobilities" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 68th Annual Conference, Hilton Prague, Prague, Czech Republic, <Not Available>. 2019-06-16 <>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: This conceptual presentation will reflect on the question of time as it plays out differently in different social contexts of mobility. It thereby brings the mobile (person) closer together with the mobile (technology), while also regarding the mobile (content), asking whether time is mobile, too. To address this question, I will first introduce two existing concepts that problematize power and norms implied in and enacted through time and temporalities. In a second step, I will ‘mix’ mobilities into this already complex theoretical matrix, while a third and final part will serve to add empirical material from an ongoing study on mobile media and time to this mixture. The aim is to understand, both theoretically and empirically, what the possible implications of such mixtures might look like.

The first of the two concepts used is Freeman’s “chrono-normativity”, i.e. “the use of time to organize individual human bodies toward maximum productivity” (Freeman, 2011:3). Freeman herself re-examines in her much-discussed book ‘Time Binds’ cultural histories with a queer lens of re-appropriation. This re-reading of normativity in relation to time will be subsequently re-appropriated. The second concept is Sharma’s notion of power-chronography, an extension of Massey’s “power-geometry,” which underlines the relational nature of time. Sharma focuses on the question of work and time and asks “how different time sensibilities are produced“ (Sharma, 2014: 15). Both concepts use ideas such as the pressure of productivity, but focus empirically on rather different examples. While they both address the dependencies that dominate and the ways they play out different in different contexts, times, etc., Freeman is concerned with resistance, while Sharma shows the intricate net of dependencies.

My own use of these terms is a recontextualisation to double the normative power framework of time and temporalities. The challenge is to further relate this to mobilities and mobile media, especially in terms of the question of socialities. This mixture will be used to critically re-read our research outcomes from an ongoing project on mobile media and time. The time-and-media-biographical interviews will be analysed in terms of the newly developed framework of mobile socialities.

2010 - International Communication Association Words: 3 words || 
2. Traxler, John. "Mobile People, Mobile Societies, Mobile Cultures Not Just Mobile Learning" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Suntec Singapore International Convention & Exhibition Centre, Suntec City, Singapore, <Not Available>. 2019-06-16 <>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: abstract not provided

2013 - Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication Pages: unavailable || Words: 7898 words || 
3. Hopke, Jill., Gabay, Itay., Kim, Sojung. and Rojas, Hernando. "Mobile phones and participation: An exploration of mobile social media versus mobile social networking" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, Renaissance Hotel, Washington DC, Aug 08, 2013 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-16 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Mobile communication technology is nearing one hundred percent adoption globally, with the majority of usage now taking place in developing countries. According to the International Telecommunications Union, mobile broadband in developing countries is cheaper than fixed-broadband services. With these trends, scores of people around the world are going online for the first time via mobile phones, with much of this use happening in a social media environment. In this study we test the relationships between political conversation with heterogeneous and homogeneous ties, political participation, and online expressive communication. Our findings show that using Twitter, a form of microblogging, on mobile phones among the urban adult population in Colombia is associated with a higher likelihood for both online and offline forms of political participation, as well as online expressive communication. Using Facebook, a form of social networking on the other hand, on mobile phones is associated with higher likelihood for online expressive communication only. Implications for future research are discussed.

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