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2006 - American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Words: 263 words || 
1. Porter, Kalen. and Montgomery, Jennifer. "Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Web CT Self-Assessment Questions within a Pharmacotherapy Module" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Sheraton San Diego Hotel & Marina, San Diego, California, USA, Jul 05, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-06-19 <>
Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: Objective: To determine if the use of Web CT self-assessment questions can enhance student performance on examinations.
Background: The addition of self-assessment questions to a pharmacotherapy module gives students the opportunity to learn by doing and provides feedback regarding retention and understanding of lecture material. Allowing students to access questions outside of class may enhance and reinforce the concepts learned during class, and provides a snapshot of the instructor’s test question format.
Methods: Students enrolled in Cardiovascular/Renal Disorders III (PHA 454) for Spring 2005 and Spring 2006 will be compared. The Spring 2005 students will serve as the control group. Three to four Web CT self assessment questions per learning objective will be developed for use by students enrolled in PHA 454 in Spring 2006 along with an explanation. The learning objectives and examination questions will remain constant. Class performance on 32 examination questions will be analyzed and compared. In addition, the 2006 students will be asked to complete an online satisfaction survey.
Results: 130 students from Spring 2005 completed the 32 examination questions. The overall average on the examination was 70%. Five questions were answered correctly by ≥ 90%, 80-89%, 70-79% of students, respectively. Three questions were answered correctly by 60-69% of students, and eight questions were answered correctly by 50-59% of students. Six questions were missed by > 50% of the class. Once the Spring 2006 students complete their examination in May 2006, data will be analyzed to determine if the use of self-assessment questions improves examination performance.

2007 - Connecticut's Stem Cell Research International Symposium Words: 350 words || 
2. Cadamuro, Massimiliano., Fabris, Luca., Libbrecht, Louis., Spirli, Carlo., Fiorotto, Romina., Roskams, Tania. and Strazzabosco, Mario. "Angiogenic Growth Factors secreted By Liver Epithelial Cells Modulate Arterial Vasculogenesis during Human Liver Development" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Connecticut's Stem Cell Research International Symposium, TBA, Hartford Connecticut, Mar 27, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-06-19 <>
Publication Type: Poster
Abstract: Intrahepatic bile ducts have close anatomical relationship with hepatic arteries. In liver disease, the arterial bed is extensively modulated following the expansion of “ductular reactive” cells. Recent experimental data (from ANIT fed rat, Hnf6 and Hnf1β KO mice) suggested that the development of the hepatic artery may be driven by unidentified signals originating from the bile duct.
We have thus investigated the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), angiopoietin-1 and -2 (Ang-1, Ang-2) and their cognate receptors (VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2, Tie-2) by immunohistochemistry in 16 foetal liver specimens obtained from autopsy of spontaneous or medical abortion. Gestational age ranged from 10 to 36 weeks; 320 portal spaces were analyzed and stratified according to the biliary maturation stage in: ductal plate, migratory and incorporated bile duct stage. Double immunostainings for angiogenic factors and cell lineage phenotypic markers were performed using cytokeratin-7 (CK7) as biliary marker, CD34 as endothelial marker, smooth muscle actin (SMA) for mural cells.
Throughout the different developmental stages, Ang-1 was expressed by hepatoblasts and VEGF by developing bile ducts, but not by vascular cells. During the ductal plate stage, VEGFR-1 became positive in CD34+ cells arranged in discrete small cell clumps, VEGFR-2 was expressed by a different subset of CD34+ cells and Tie-2 by scattered spindle-shaped, ASMA+ cells. With the progressive bile duct incorporation into the portal space, CD34+ and SMA+ cells formed circular structures without lumen in proximity to the incorporating bile ducts. CD34+ cells expressed VEGFR-1, and SMA+ cells expressed both Tie-2 and Ang-2. In the incorporated bile duct stage this angiogenic profile was maintained, but SMA+ cells formed a thicker wall around CD34+ cells lining a well recognizable open lumen.
In conclusion, the presence of VEGF and Ang-1 in developing cholangiocytes and in hepatoblasts, respectively, and of their cognate receptors in endothelial and mural cells is consistent with a major role for angiogenic growth factors as mediators of the cross-talk between biliary epithelium and portal vasculature during human liver development. Cholangiocytes likely generate a VEGF gradient that determines arterial vasculogenesis in their vicinity while Ang-1 signaling from hepatoblasts contributes to the remodeling of hepatic arteries.

2007 - Mathematical Association of America Words: 213 words || 
3. Adkins, Frederick. "A Calculus Module for Modeling Bioaccumulation, Biomagnification, and Elimination of Mercury" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Mathematical Association of America, The Fairmont Hotel, San Jose, CA, Aug 03, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-06-19 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Bioaccumulation is the increase in concentration of a substance in organisms, as they take in contaminated air, water, or food more rapidly than can be eliminated by metabolization and excretion. As pollutants move from one link in the food chain to another they concentrate through the process of biomagnification. Through a module designed for use in an introductory calculus course, students explore these concepts using data derived from research on mercury levels in the environment and aquatic food chain. Students begin by tracking mercury across the food chain-- from algae and bacteria, to insects, small fish, larger fish, and eventually to birds, mammals, and humans. Concentrations and bioacculumation factors are calculated and literature is reviewed for transfer ratios to fetuses and eggs. Students are asked to use their typical weekly consumption of fish to calculate their average daily dosage of mercury per kilogram of body weight. Based on models of absorption of mercury from food, a separable differential equation for mercury elimination in humans and the fraction of total body mercury in blood, a time dependent equation for blood mercury concentration is derived. Students then find their steady-state level of blood mercury concentration and compare this to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s “safe benchmark blood level.”

2006 - National Association of EMS Physicians Words: 350 words || 
4. Hennes, Halim., Rehm, Judi., Sternig, Ken., Pirrallo, Ronald. and Kim, Michael. "The impact of an educational module on pre-hospital providers’ knowledge in pediatric pain physiology, assessment, and management" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians, Registry Resort, Naples, FL, <Not Available>. 2019-06-19 <>
Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: Emergency Medical Service providers (EMSP) frequently transport children with painful conditions to emergency departments (ED). Despite the availability of analgesic agents to EMSP, most children do not receive analgesia. Studies identified inability to assess pain and lack of knowledge on pediatric pain management as potential barriers to adequate pain management.
Hypothesis: A prehospital educational program will improve EMSP pain assessment and management in children 5-17 years of age with isolated extremity trauma (ET) or burns (BU).
Methods: In phase one of the study EMSP documentation of pain assessment and management for eligible patients audited. ED records for these patients were reviewed for admission pain score, diagnosis, and intervention. An educational module with power point presentation and an audio was developed focused on pain physiology, pain assessment, and pharmacological and non-pharmacological pain management techniques in children. A multiple choice examination keyed to presentation topics was developed. The module and exam were posted on the county EMS web site. Prehospital providers logged onto a secured link took the exam (pre), reviewed the presentation, and then completed the posttest. Monitoring the providers practice and reviewing hospital records continued throughout this phase of the project.
Results: During a 14 months pre educational intervention period 134 eligible patients were transported, 127 with ET and 7 BU. Pain assessment was documented in 19 patients (14%) but only 4% (5/127) of patients with ET and 57% (4/7) with BU had documentation regarding morphine administration by EMSP. In the two months post the educational module 19 patients were transported, 18 with ET and 1 BU. Morphine was administered to 20% (3/18) with ET and 100% with BU. The pretest and post test were taken by 215 EMSP. On the pretest 28% passed with a score of 75% or greater and on the posttest 86% passed. The test reliability score was .86
Conclusion: Our preliminary result indicates that an on-line, narrated PowerPoint based educational module for prehospital providers improved pain management in children with ET or BU. However, there was no significant improvement in documentation of pain assessment providing an opportunity for further study.
Supported by HRSA/EMSC grant #H34-MC02548-01

2008 - North American Association For Environmental Education Words: 35 words || 
5. Haines, Sarah. "An Evaluation of Project Learning Tree's Secondary Module "Places We Live"" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the North American Association For Environmental Education, Century II Convention Center, Wichita, Kansas, Oct 13, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-06-19 <>
Publication Type: Traditional Presentation
Abstract: Project Learning Tree recently conducted an evaluation of its new module "Places We Live". Come see what we learned from the students and teachers, and what the results mean for similar environmental education curricula.

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