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2007 - Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 26 pages || Words: 7570 words || 
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1. Pekkanen, Robert., Nyblade, Benjamin. and Krauss, Ellis. "Where Have All the Zoku Gone? Electoral Rules and MP Specialization in Japan" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, IL, Apr 12, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-11-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p196720_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper distinguishes between politicians’ policy expertise and policy specialization and explores changes in MP policy expertise and policy specialization in Japan related to changes in the electoral system. Traditional measures of policy expertise for Liberal Democratic Party House of Representatives MPs (membership in seisaku zoku – ‘policy tribes’) in Japan show a decline in the number of policy experts since electoral reform. However, this paper shows that the decline in policy experts is attributable to the nature of the measure of expertise and the decline in the overall seniority of the LDP party caucus, rather than changes in the electoral rules. However, political career path analysis of LDP House of Representative MPs in Japan shows that policy specialization, particularly by junior MPs, has declined since electoral reform. We attribute this decline in policy specialization to the need to represent a broader range of constituents as most MPs moved from multi-member districts to single-member districts following electoral reform.

2012 - AECT International Convention Words: 59 words || 
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2. Scott, Ashley. and Otto, Richard. "MP-R7 E-Learning in Practice: The Use of HTML Learning Modules in the Undergraduate Classroom" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AECT International Convention, The Galt House, Louisville, KY, Oct 30, 2012 <Not Available>. 2019-11-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p574519_index.html>
Publication Type: Roundtable
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This mixed methods research study focused on the student perceptions of the use of Adobe Captivate e-learning modules used in the undergraduate media communication classroom to teach students how to code HTML webpages using Notepad. This presentation will focus on the design of the modules, the use of Adobe Captivate 5.5, the implementation, and results from the study.

2004 - The Midwest Political Science Association Words: 378 words || 
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3. Shomer, Yael. "Electoral Systems and MP's Behavior- A Dual Comparison" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 15, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-11-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p83032_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Electoral Systems and MP's Behavior- A Dual Comparison
In trying to account for the behavior of parliament members, many
scholars argue that different electoral systems produce various
incentives for parliamentarians, hence affect their behavior in
different directions (Carey and Shugart, 1995). While in party centered
electoral systems, such as PR closed lists, where voters cannot
differentiate between MP and hence the reputation of personal MP is
less important, the tendency to cross-vote the party will be small, in
candidate centered electoral systems, such as PR open list and STV, the
tendency to deviate from party lines will increase. In other word, in
party centered electoral systems, party discipline mainly explains MP’s
behavior as apposed to candidate centered electoral systems.
Comparing Germany and New-Zealand might shed light on the diverse
incentives different electoral systems produce and their effects on
legislature’s behavior. Specifically this study allows for dual
comparison based on the most similar system approach (Przewoski and
Teune, 1970). The first comparison will be held among the counties,
which share a Mixed Member electoral system, while the second
comparison will be carried out within each country, since the electoral
system combine both party centered elections and candidate centered
elections. However, the scope of this research is two folded. The
second goal is to cope with Krehbiel methodological criticism,
concerning MP behavior research that “the data cannot discriminate
between a party hypothesis and a preferences hypothesis” (Krehbiel,
1993). Thus, using Roll-Call votes as a measurement for MP’s behavior,
and “old” Roll-Call votes, as a measurement for MP’s preferences, might
not enable me, at least in Krehbiel’s view, to test my hypothesis. But,
using candidate preference survey to measure the MP’s preferences might
help achieve this differentiation. If a MP, in light of his/her answers
in the survey (the surveys is conducted prior to him being elected) has
preference A regarding issue X, while his party has preference B
regarding the same issue than examining the roll-call votes on this
issue might give us indications as to whether the MP’s behavior was
influenced by his party’s discipline or not: if the MP voted with
his/her party (voted B), then clearly, he defied his/her own
preferences and responded to his party discipline (all other factors
being controlled for).
This paper, thus, will test the implications of different electoral
systems on legislators’ behavior using a comparison between New-Zealand
and Germany, while taking advantage of the unique opportunity mixed
electoral systems supply for the comparison, while in addition, I will
try to address Krehbiel’s criticism.

2012 - AECT International Convention Words: 78 words || 
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4. Luterbach, Kenneth. "MP-R1 A Call for Unification and Collaboration among Instructional Software Developers" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AECT International Convention, The Galt House, Louisville, KY, Oct 30, 2012 <Not Available>. 2019-11-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p574380_index.html>
Publication Type: Roundtable
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Instructional software developers often create applications separately. In contrast, this call seeks to unite and organize interested developers to create and diffuse instructional software applications collaboratively and to build capacity. As a unified group, instructional software developers could collaborate for synergistic effects, including accelerated diffusion of applications created. The unified group could also increase software development capacity locally and globally. The group’s new software systems and tutors might even redefine notions of instructional environments.

2012 - AECT International Convention Words: 73 words || 
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5. Hagen, Kathleen. "MP-R2 Adopting Narrative Techniques to Enhance Educational Multimedia Presentations" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AECT International Convention, The Galt House, Louisville, KY, Oct 30, 2012 <Not Available>. 2019-11-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p575084_index.html>
Publication Type: Roundtable
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This session is an exploration of the benefits of using narrative techniques in multimedia educational presentations. Writers have been employing these techniques for over 4,000 years. We know they work, but people from a cognitive psychology or educational background may not always recognize the literary terms. Designers have a wealth of resources already available regarding maintaining interest, developing sympathetic characters, pacing, using vivid language, and creating intriguing obstacles for the protagonist to overcome.

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