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2008 - ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES Pages: 30 pages || Words: 7155 words || 
Info
1. Holmes, Jack. and Keillor, Gretchen. "Long-Term U.S. Foreign Policy and the 2008 Presidential Election: How Much Choice and How Much Necessity?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES, Hilton San Francisco, SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA, Mar 26, 2008 Online <PDF>. 2019-09-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p253184_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The 2008 presidential election campaign will be one of the longest and most expensive in American history. For the first time since 1952, neither major candidate will be an incumbent president or vice president. Foreign policy is a major issue as office holders of the two major parties have substantial differences about foreign policy toward areas of importance to the U.S. As in 1952, American patience has been worn thin by a war that has gone on past the time many expected it to end. The authors make use of the primary author’s long-term mood/interest research to suggest elements of choice and elements of necessity facing the American voters in years like 1952 and 2008. For example, the people can choose who best reflects their approach to Asia or the Middle East, but there are limits to American power. It is likely that by the time the paper is presented that the two major party candidates will be known and that there will be seven months remaining prior to the final decision. Thus there will, at least in theory, be time for the debate to be shaped to provide a meaningful choice.The attitudes of the American public are believed to be following long term trends whereby patience is lost when wars become long and indecisive. While this is normal, differences of opinion among American leaders are unusually pronounced as they seek to prevail in the 2008 election. Efforts at compromise have been difficult at best.In terms of American interests, most agree that there are substantial challenges, but the nature of these challenges and the best way to address them are disputed. The paper will look at past questions regarding interests to explore the nature of and questions regarding American interests. This election, more so than prior U.S. presidential elections, is being followed by people in many parts of the world. How much is up to the American people and how much is dictated by the world environment? What does the long-term evidence suggest? Can anything be learned from other democracies which have had a lot of power in the world? The purpose of this paper is not to give the answers regarding these debates and which candidate might be most qualified. Rather, the purpose is to raise issues which will help the reader place the 2008 presidential election in a historical context.

2008 - MPSA Annual National Conference Pages: 28 pages || Words: 2549 words || 
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2. Rallings, Colin., Thrasher, Michael. and Borisyuk, Galina. "Much Ado About Not Very Much: The Electoral Consequences of On-Demand Voting by Mail in Great Britain" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual National Conference, Palmer House Hotel, Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 03, 2008 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-09-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p266330_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The paper explores how changes in the 'costs' of voting through the liberalisation of voting by mail has affected both the level of electoral turnout and the distribution of voter support for parties.

2015 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 13894 words || 
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3. Li, Angran., Obach, Heidi. and Cheng, Simon. "How Much Is Too Much? Debunking the Effects of Parental Over-Involvement at Home" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Chicago and Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Aug 20, 2015 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-09-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p998339_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: A general consensus hold by scholars, parents, educators, and policy makers is that parental involvement benefits children’s academic growth and behavioral outcome. However, recent research on over-involved parenting challenges this mainstream view. In this study, we examine whether increased parental involvement leads to positive effects, diminishing returns, or negative effects on children’s educational and behavioral outcomes. Based on socio-demographic approach, multidimensional measure approach, and life course approach, we test the curvilinear effects of three important dimensions of parental involvement at home over the course of early childhood, including cultural cultivation, parental expectations, and parental communication. Using data from four waves of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class (ECLS-K), from 2000 to 2007, the quadratic model reveals significant curvilinear effects of parental involvement on children’s educational and behavioral outcomes and the effects vary across different dimensions of involvement and grade levels in early childhood. We argue that the effects of parental involvement, whether these effects are positive, negative, or insignificant, vary by different intensities of involvement. We find that both the short- and long-term curvilinear effects of parental involvement on educational outcomes become stronger as children approach to their early adolescence, but the effects on behavioral outcome diminish over time. These findings suggest the complex relationship between parental involvement and children’s educational and behavioral development and the need for reconsidering the role of parental involvement for improving children’s outcomes.

2008 - International Communication Association Pages: 1 pages || Words: 45 words || 
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4. Kurita, Satoko., Lee, Sungkyoung., Wang, Zheng. and Lang, Annie. "How Much Is Too Much? Media Structure, Content, and Cognitive Load, and Overload" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 21, 2008 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-09-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p233135_index.html>
Publication Type: Extended Abstract
Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of six dimensions of information on local cognitive load during television viewing. Specifically an experiment is reported in which secondary task reaction times were measured 350 msec. following selected camera changes. In addition, a forced choice recognition measure for the information in the frame immediately following the camera change was measured. This was done to examine the cognitive load of camera changes which introduced from one to six dimensions of information. The information preceding and following the camera changes was compared and coded on the following six dimensions of attention: perspective change, closer, change in object, new to scene, emotion change, and unexpected. Initial results say that increasing the number of dimensions increases reaction times and decreases recognition. Signs of cognitive overload appear at 4-5 dimensions of information.

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