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2008 - Southern Political Science Association Words: 264 words || 
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1. Mhire, Jeremy. "Just How 'Natural' Are Natural Rights? The Battle over Nature and the Future of Modern Natural Right" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, Hotel Intercontinental, New Orleans, LA, <Not Available>. 2018-04-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p212814_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: At the time of the founding, men such as Jefferson could speak confidently of nature as that which was common to all men as men. Nature served as a foundation for a new experiment in liberty by providing a standard of right to which all had access while also sustaining common opinion and action. But though it may be truer now than ever that no distinction between men can be drawn from nature as such, the concomitant ability of nature to serve as a foundation for the practice of liberty has been drawn into question. Whether through the progress of science, which strives to see man in light of nature’s blind and indifferent processes, or from the insights of philosophy, which reject if not deride the idea of something outside of man serving as his guide, it no longer seems true that nature has any relation to liberty. Yet if it is true that our practice of liberty requires a foundation that at once both binds and guides, then the question of nature can no longer be ignored. This paper first seeks to assess the threat our contemporary understanding of nature poses to our practice of liberty by pointing out the implications of the latter continuing to take its bearings by the former’s theoretical orientation. Secondly, this paper will attempt to sketch a new, more productive relationship between nature and liberty by asking not what the former can say to the latter, but instead what the latter can show the former about the nature of man, and therewith, about the nature of right.

2008 - APSA 2008 Annual Meeting Pages: 14 pages || Words: 4301 words || 
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2. Stoner, James. "Natural Law, Natural Right, and Nature: Strauss on Catholicism, Aristotelianism, and Modern Science" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA 2008 Annual Meeting, Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts, Aug 28, 2008 Online <PDF>. 2018-04-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p281128_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript

2015 - ASEH Annual Conference - Washington, D.C. Words: 280 words || 
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3. Voyles, Traci. "Nature’s Wasteland or Nature’s Wonder? Uranium Mining and Nature Tourism in Navajo Country" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASEH Annual Conference - Washington, D.C., Washington Marriott, Washington, DC, <Not Available>. 2018-04-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p950515_index.html>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: In the 1950s and 1960s, Diné (Navajo) land came to host two seemingly oppositional new industries: uranium mining and nature tourism. While uranium companies wreaked havoc on the natural environment, blasting away at some of the Southwest’s most distinctive desert landscapes, nature tourists arrived in droves to admire the same landscape, elevating parts of it to the status of protected monument. Uranium companies found the Navajos to be a good source of cheap labor, yet tourists found the Diné a romantic relic of an imagined colonial past. Correspondingly, whereas Diné workers in uranium mines were mostly underpaid men, in tourism, they were women and children posing for tourist photographs. This contrast was particularly striking in Tsé bii’nidzisgai, or Monument Valley, where the valley’s now-famous red buttes were sometimes mined into nonexistence and sometimes featured as the quintessential setting for the Hollywood Western.

This paper explores the material and ideological connections between uranium mining and tourism on Diné land in these decades, looking to the ways in which the same landscapes could inspire radically different notions about both nature and people - and their respective worth. This history reveals the ways in which Navajo country was not just rendered accessible to uranium hunters, but also, in seeming contrast to the explicit destructiveness of the uranium industry, to moviemakers, travelogue journalists, and tourists who celebrated it as part of the nation’s natural and narrative heritage. In building the roads that made Diné land accessible to tourists and filmgoers, uranium mining became the unlikely catalyst allowing what uranium hunters considered “wasteland” to be reclaimed as a landscape integral to - in fact constitutive of - the imagined community of the settler colonial nation state.

2012 - Southern Political Science Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 9033 words || 
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4. Gooch, Donald. and Rogers, Michael. "A Natural Disaster of Civic Proportions: College Students in the Natural State Fall Short of the Naturalization Benchmark" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, Hotel InterContinental, New Orleans, Louisiana, Jan 12, 2012 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2018-04-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p544297_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Democracy depends on an informed citizenry holding public officials accountable for their policies in regular elections. Theory suggests an ignorant citizenry is incapable of serving in this capacity. The APSA has recently made civic literacy a priority in civic education. Using a convenience sample of Arkansas Tech students taking American Government from 2008 to 2011, we assess the extent of student civic literacy across four dimensions: American political heritage, government structure, current politics, and the Constitution. Our instrument consists of 25 questions drawn from the bank of USCIS naturalization test questions. The findings are grim: using the naturalization benchmark (60%) and a letter grade-based benchmark, we find that 86.5% of ATU students failed the naturalization test, while 96% failed to score a “C” or better on civic literacy. Contrary to previous research, we found significant improvement in civic literacy among ATU students after their government class in the fall of 2010 employing a pre-posttest design. Over 70% of students showed improvement in civic literacy. Furthermore, while 80% of the students failed to meet the naturalization benchmark in the pretest, less than a third failed to meet it in the post-test. We conclude, civic education is an effective ameliorative for civic literacy deficits.

2006 - International Studies Association Words: 240 words || 
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5. Lewis, Keri. "Negotiating Nature: U.S. - Argentines Efforts to Define Nature and Proclaim Pan Americanism, 1920s-1940s" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA, Mar 22, 2006 <Not Available>. 2018-04-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p100009_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper analyzes the U.S. ? Argentine diplomatic negotiations surrounding the protection of migratory wildlife from the initial discussions beginning in 1922 through the ratification of the Convention on Nature Protection and Wildlife Preservation in the Western Hemisphere (CNP) in 1942. In their attempt to bridge the North ? South gap, these two nations set aside their political differences and assigned wildlife a uniquely ?American? identity, using the brewing situation in Europe to distinguish the importance of extending protection measures throughout the hemisphere. This paper examines the ways in which both the U.S. and Argentina approached their own declining wildlife populations with their respective neighbors in the 1920s; then, despite growing political differences and different cultural ideologies on wildlife protection, how both nations entered into discussions with each other concerning the decline of migratory fauna in the 1930s. The efforts to work through the challenges and produce a solution illuminates the vast layers of complexities and cooperation necessary for conservation to occur between nations with different cultural, political and economic structures. Based on a system developed out of their respective parks systems and game laws, Argentina and the U.S. approached the Pan American Union (PAU) together in 1938 with the framework for a plan that would be flexible enough to incorporate almost all nations within the western hemisphere and rigid enough to provide much needed wildlife protection, laying the foundation for one of the first successes in hemispheric conservation diplomacy.

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