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2010 - ISPP 33rd Annual Scientific Meeting Words: 248 words || 
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1. Maier, Jürgen. and Faas, Thorsten. "Needs and Debates. The Moderating Impact of “Need to Evaluate” and “Need for Cognition” on Perceptions and Effects of Televised Debates" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 33rd Annual Scientific Meeting, Mark Hopkins Hotel, San Francisco, California, USA, Jul 07, 2010 <Not Available>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p419908_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Candidates in televised debates have (at least) three subsequent goals: They want to act convincingly during the course of the debate, they want to be seen as the winner of the debate afterwards and they ultimately want to benefit from their debate appearance on Election Day. Depending on voters’ personality, these are conflicting goals. To demonstrate this we add the concepts of “need to evaluate” and “need for cognition” to the study of campaigns. Viewers with strong needs should be more attentive and evaluative during the course of the campaign (hypothesis 1). Moreover, judging the overall outcome of the debate afterwards should be easier for them and also be more closely linked to the performance of the debate contenders (hypothesis 2). However, this judgment is less likely to spill over to their overall evaluations of the candidates and their voting intentions, as they are likely to have strong pre-debate attitudes that are hard to alter (hypothesis 3). We use data from a panel study conducted in the context of a televised debate that took place in the 2009 German Election campaign. The panel survey comprised questions covering attitudes towards the candidates and voting intentions (pre- and post-debate waves), perceptions of the debate performance of the candidates as well as scales for need to evaluate and need for cognition (post-debate only). In addition, 300 of our respondents were asked to provide real-time judgments of the candidates during the course of the debate, which allows us to test hypothesis 1.

2004 - American Association for Public Opinion Research Words: 115 words || 
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2. Fournier, Patrick., Lyle, Greg., Cutler, Fred. and Soroka, Stuart. "Need for Cognition, Need to Evaluate, and Change in Vote Choice" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Pointe Hilton Tapatio Cliffs, Phoenix, Arizona, May 11, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p116120_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Social psychology has identified two key variables for the understanding of attitude development: the need to evaluate and the need for cognition. Most importantly, the interaction between these two personality traits tends to predict patterns of attitude change (Petty, 2003).

We wish to ascertain whether these expectations about the impact on attitude stability of the interaction between need to evaluate and need for cognition can be transferred to vote choice.

The analysis uses panel data from the 2000 American National Election Study and the 2003 Ontario Election Study to ascertain whether those who switched sides between the campaign and the post-election waves differed in their levels of need to evaluate and need for cognition.

2007 - International Communication Association Pages: 10 pages || Words: 5755 words || 
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3. Marathe, Sampada. "If You Build It, They Will Come – Or Will They? Need for Uniqueness and Need for Control as Psychological Predictors of Customization" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, San Francisco, CA, May 24, 2007 Online <APPLICATION/X-PDF>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p173147_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Do the psychological construct of Need for Uniqueness and Need for Control predict amount of customization users engage in? How does Computer/Technology affect the relationship between Need for Uniqueness, Need for Control and Amount of Customization? This paper is an effort to empirically test the above questions. An online survey was conducted with a sample of 513 respondents on a University campus. Need for Control and Computer/Technology Efficacy significantly predict amount of customization, but the same results are not observed for Need for Uniqueness.

2008 - ISPP 31st Annual Scientific Meeting Words: 244 words || 
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4. Triani, Retno. "Need for Achievement, Need for Power, Self Efficacy and University Student Political Participation in Jakarta Indonesia (Poster)" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 31st Annual Scientific Meeting, Sciences Po, Paris, France, Jul 08, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p235048_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Abstract: Student participation in politics usually is not directly connected with individual purposes. They intend to declare their opinion in order to support the people of the nation. In this research political participation is defined as ordinary citizen activities (non violence or/and violence) in order to influence the government in making and actuating political decisions for equal interest.
This research need to know the relationship between individual personal aspects assumed have effects on political participation (need for achievement, need for power, self efficacy) and political participation. Need for achievement can be expressed as desire to perform in terms of a standard of excellence or to be successful in competitive situations. Need for power is describe as the need to manipulate others or drive for superiority others. Self efficacy is concerned with self-perceptions of how well a person can cope with situations as they rise.
This research is non experimental research. The respondents are 253 university students in Jakarta Indonesia. Four questioners conducted by researcher used in this research are questioner of need for achievement (reliability: 0,923), need for power (reliability: 0,855), self efficacy (reliability: 0,926) and political participation (reliability: 0,955). The validity, reliability and hypothetical testing in this research use computer program.
The research result shows that is no relationship between need for achievement and political participation, but there are relationships between both need for power, self efficacy and political participation. The data shows that the university students in Jakarta at this moment have low participation in politics.

2008 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 61 words || 
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5. Wobus, Peter. and Coggeshall, Mark. "Planning for the Validation of a Risk-Needs Assessment Instrument: Data and other Preliminary Needs" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, St. Louis Adam's Mark, St. Louis, Missouri, <Not Available>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p269921_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper will provide information on the planning phase of any work towards validating a risk assessment instrument. This includes critical organizational needs that must be met in order for a successful validation exercise. The paper also provides a description of the kinds of data audit that may be needed to ensure quality evidence is brought to bear on the exercise.

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