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2007 - AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY Pages: 5 pages || Words: 2059 words || 
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1. Culp, Richard. "Oligopoly, Niche Marketing, and Globalization in the Private Prison Industry" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia, Nov 14, 2007 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p201048_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This study examines changes in the concentration ratio of contracted bed space by the four largest private prison companies over the past fifteen years; the extent of specialized care facilities (mental health, geriatric, etc) contracted to the private sector; and the growth of the private prison industry internationally.

2004 - American Sociological Association Pages: 19 pages || Words: 5754 words || 
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2. Lee, Eunju. and Kang, Miliann. "Gender and Ethnic Niche Formation: Korean Immigrant Women in the Nail Salon Industry" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA,, Aug 14, 2004 Online <.PDF>. 2019-06-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p109910_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Although past research has rightly emphasized the role that social networks, human capital, and ethnicity have played in immigrant niche formation, it has largely overlooked the implications of gender as a powerful mediator in the processes of immigrant economic incorporation. This paper presents a case study of how gender has critically shaped the formation of a small business niche in nail salons for Korean immigrant women in New York City. Combining data from two independent ethnographic studies, we examine the gendered processes of ethnic niche formation from the macro-level of the rise of service industries in NYC and the decline of another female-dominated niche in garment manufacturing, to the meso-level of gendered social networks and community institutions, to the micro-level of gender role socialization and normative behavior in the workplace. We argue that a full explanation of ethnic niche formation requires recognition of how gender reshapes processes of immigrant incorporation and ethnic resource mobilization in determining how groups and individuals find particular positions in the U.S. economy.

2008 - MPSA Annual National Conference Pages: 40 pages || Words: 11130 words || 
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3. Jensen, Christian. and Spoon, Jae-Jae. "Thinking Locally, Acting Supranationally: Niche Party Behavior in the European Parliament" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual National Conference, Palmer House Hotel, Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 03, 2008 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p267252_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Recent research on the European Parliament (EP) has neglected the idiosyncrasies of niche parties. Similarly, analyses of niche parties have not fully engaged the literature on the EP. We build on both literatures by analyzing niche party behavior in the EP as a distinct phenomenon from party behavior more generally. Consistent with current research on niche parties, we find that they place greater emphasis on regional and local autonomy and are more dispersed on the traditional left-right dimension. We argue that this difference will lead niche parties to respond differently to institutional stimuli than mainstream parties. To test this argument, we replicate Hix, Noury and Roland’s (2007) work on EP party voting behavior concentrating on niche parties only. Our results confirm our hypotheses that niche party emphasis on local and regional autonomy and ideological dispersion explain differences between niche party and mainstream party behavior. These findings have important implications not only for understanding party behavior in the EP but also for niche party behavior in general.

2005 - American Sociological Association Pages: 21 pages || Words: 6244 words || 
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4. Levitsky, Sandra. "Niche Activism: Negotiating Organizational Heterogeneity in Contemporary American Social Movements" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Marriott Hotel, Loews Philadelphia Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 12, 2005 Online <PDF>. 2019-06-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p20619_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: American social movements are frequently constituted by a field of organizations reflecting differences among activists over principles and priorities, strategies and tactics, and varying forms of organizational governance. This paper examines how organizational diversity affects a social movement’s ability to promote a common movement identity or sense of “community.” Using data from a case study on the Chicago gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender movement, the paper introduces “niche activism” as a model for how activists negotiate organizational specialization in social movements. The paper makes three primary arguments. First, organizational specialization can be analyzed along two axes: tactical specialization, which highlights the complementarity of expertise in the movement, and constituency specialization, which emphasizes the movement’s claims to democratic representation. Second, both types of organizational specialization create relationships of interdependence that can sustain solidarity and a unified collective identity even in the face of widely-diverging ideologies and interests. Third, organizational specialization not only creates feelings of cooperation and solidarity among organizations, but also reflects and reinforces inequalities among constituencies.

2008 - International Congress for Conservation Biology Words: 146 words || 
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5. Daughtry, Brian., Putman, Nathan. and Rissler, Leslie. "UNCOVERING GENETIC DIVERSITY WITHIN THE THREE-LINED SALAMANDER: PHYLOGENETICS AND ECOLOGICAL NICHE MODELING" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Congress for Conservation Biology, Convention Center, Chattanooga, TN, Jul 10, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-06-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p239976_index.html>
Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: Understanding the relationship between genetic diversity and ecological niche divergence among closely related species is integral in understanding speciation, biodiversity, and necessary conservation management practices. We used two sister species, Eurycea longicauda and E. guttolineata (Caudata: Plethodontidae), to evaluate this relationship and discern cryptic diversity in the southeastern United States. The ND4 mitochondrial DNA region from individuals across the ranges of both species was sequenced and analyzed. Ecological niche models were developed through MAXENT and were based on pertinent climatic variables. Genetic analysis coupled with niche modeling commonly aid in identifying unique lineages and morphologically cryptic species. Our results support the recent elevation of E. guttolineata to species status and warrant further phylogenetic study of both populations. We also encourage continuing utilization of these methods to uncover cryptic biological diversity, especially in amphibians which commonly exhibit little morphological differentiation between species and face growing conservation concerns.

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