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2009 - ISA - ABRI JOINT INTERNATIONAL MEETING Words: 16 words || 
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1. Pinto, Rodrigo. "Norm Life Cycle or Norms Cycle of Life?: Inequality, International Norm Dynamics and Ecologically Sustainable Sufficiency" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA - ABRI JOINT INTERNATIONAL MEETING, Pontifical Catholic University, Rio de Janeiro Campus (PUC-Rio), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Jul 22, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-04-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p381062_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Norm Life Cycle or Norms Cycle of Life?: Inequality, International Norm Dynamics and Ecologically Sustainable Sufficiency

2007 - International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention Pages: 25 pages || Words: 11629 words || 
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2. Hoffman, Matthew. "My Norm is Better than Your Norm: Contestation and Norm Dynamics" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-04-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p181451_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Constructivists may have made their case too well in the past decade. In providing norms-based explanations for phenomena in world politics, they have reinforced a notion of social norms as static social facts leading to an ironic undertheorizing of the dynamics of social norms. This paper addresses this concern by focusing on the process of normative contestation. Social norms are contested at every turn?in their emergence, as actors are socialized, and even once they are established and internalized. Contestation is thus inherent in the process through which actors come to understand norms and institutions, act on their understandings and alter norms and institutions. In this paper I develop a framework for examining normative evolution through contestation and I apply it to a brief case study of the governance of climate change. I explain how norm contestation and the consequent evolution of normative understandings has and continues to drive climate change politics and the rift between the United States and most of the rest of the world since the Kyoto Protocol was negotiated in 1997.

2007 - International Communication Association Pages: 25 pages || Words: 6612 words || 
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3. Park, Hee Sun., Klein, Katherine. and Smith, Sandi. "The Power of Subjective Norms, University Descriptive and Injunctive Norms, and U.S. Descriptive and Injunctive Norms on Drinking Behavior Intentions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, San Francisco, CA, May 23, 2007 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-04-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p171838_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and the Social Norms Approach (SNA) both stress the important influence that normative perceptions have on behavioral intentions and behavior. These 2 approaches were used to examine the behavioral intention to limit drinking to 0 to 4 drinks. Further, this study examined whether perception of subjective norms, university and U.S. level descriptive norms, and university and U.S. level injunctive norms represented separate dimensions for this behavioral intention. A representative sample of 1110 college students completed a web-based survey. The results confirmed that the 5 types of norms were all unique constructs. This study also found that individuals’ intentions to limit their alcohol consumption to 0 to 4 drinks were predicted by positive attitudes, perceived behavioral control, and subjective norms. Subjective norms also moderated the relationship between attitudes and behavioral intention. University descriptive norms also served as a moderator. This study has important implications for future normative interventions.

2011 - International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition" Words: 188 words || 
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4. Suzuki, Shigehiro. "Role of Cities in Norm Creation and Domestic Decision-Making: Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the Evolution of Anti-Nuclear Norms and Japan’s Decision-Making on Nuclear Policy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA, Mar 16, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-04-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p498680_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper examines the role of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the evolution of anti-nuclear norms and Japan’s decision-making on nuclear policy. Drawing on process-tracing approach, this paper advances the following arguments.
First, the two cities have played a critical role as hubs of anti-nuclear movement, thus helping mobilize popular anti-nuclear sentiment in Japan. The two cities provide for a for anti-nuclear movement by hosting activities of the anti-nuclear movement and the annual peace ceremonies. The two cities have also actively engaged in anti-nuclear movement by themselves. In addition to persistently protesting any nuclear testing in the world, the mayors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki testified in 1995 before the International Court of Justice about the illegality of the use of nuclear weapons.
Second, the two cities, however, have yet to translate popular support for the anti-nuclear movement into a political force which could collectively press their agenda to the Government. Factionalism on the Left has continuously plagued the antinuclear movement in this context.
Finally, this paper contends that Hiroshima has played more active and prominent role than Nagasaki, which might in part explain why Hiroshima is internationally well-known than Nagasaki.

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