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2013 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 7195 words || 
1. Gong, Yuan. "“Why Women Like Boy’s Love Novels?”: Chinese Fujoshi Subculture and its Communication Practices Around Boy’s Love Novels" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Hilton Metropole Hotel, London, England, Jun 17, 2013 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-25 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: As a young women’s community fascinated with writing, reading and discussing online
boys’ love novels, the Fujoshi(􀷗􀦁) group has formed a unique youth subculture in China. The
purpose of this paper is to study the communication practices of the Fujoshi community as a
specific Chinese women’s subculture. Building upon the subcultural theories of the Birmingham
School, I conducted in-depth interviews with five Chinese Fujoshi members to explore two main
issues. First, what are the specific cultural and social conditions in contemporary China that have
motivated the emergence of the Fujoshi subculture? Especially, what are the dominant ideologies
of gender and sexuality in which the Fujoshi subculture is situated? Second, how do Chinese
Fujoshi members react to and negotiate with the broader gendered power relations through their
practices around boy’s love novels? The findings show the ways in which Fujoshi negotiate with
the dominant ideologies of gender and sexuality in China by expressing their ideal of egalitarian
romance and creating their own female gaze. In addition, I reveal the simultaneous conformity of
Fujoshi to conventional gender arrangement beyond their subcultural practices. The theoretical
and practical contributions of the study are also discussed.
Key words: Chinese Fujoshi subculture, boy’s love novels, communication practices, gender and

2008 - APSA Teaching and Learning Conference Pages: 29 pages || Words: 8309 words || 
2. Connor, George. "When is a Novel not a Novel: When It is Used to Teach Political Science" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA Teaching and Learning Conference, San Jose Marriott, San Jose, California, Feb 22, 2008 Online <PDF>. 2019-06-25 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: I believe that political scientists can improve student learning by teaching across the discipline and adopting a “novel approach” to political science, especially in introductory level courses. While not specifically challenging the role of the traditional textbook, at the very least, I believe that traditional approaches can be supplemented by the introduction of literature in general and novels in particular. By focusing on three novels, Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451 (1953), Ursula Le Guin’s The Dispossessed (1974), and Kurt Vonnegut’s Player Piano (1980), I would like to demonstrate how political scientists can improve student learning and engagement in introductory courses (Introduction to Political Science, Public Administration, Comparative Government, Political Philosophy), by teaching across the discipline.

2008 - International Congress for Conservation Biology Words: 195 words || 
3. Clarke, Dan., Blake, Turner., Bowlby, Jim., Davies, Eric. and Gross, Mart. "NOVEL FOOD WEBS WITH NOVEL SPECIES" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Congress for Conservation Biology, Convention Center, Chattanooga, TN, Jul 10, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-06-25 <>
Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: In recent decades, the dominant species in many ecosystems are novel (non-native) taxa. Conservation biologists have typically viewed novel species as destabilizing elements that give rise to unsustainable food webs. However, there is increasing anecdotal evidence to suggest that some ecosystems incorporate novel species into novel food webs that are sustainable. Here, we evaluate the hypothesis that the invasions of the novel round goby and zebra mussel into Lake Ontario have produced a new food web which incorporates novel species. Stomachs from predacious adult salmonid were collected in the near-shore of Lake Ontario during spring 2007 and 2008 and analyzed for prey-species composition. Our results show a radical shift in the diet of these salmonid predators from the historical native prey species, to the novel alewife, to one now dominated by the novel round goby. The round goby itself preys heavily on the novel zebra mussel. Accordingly, these results lend support to the concept that ecosystems such as Lake Ontario may incorporate novel species into their food webs. As such, it may be necessary to re-evaluate the role of novel species to the future sustainability of ecosystems.

2006 - XVth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies Words: 400 words || 
4. Nayer, Samantha. and Susan, Graham. "Do generics guide infants’ inductive inferences about novel kinds?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the XVth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies, Westin Miyako, Kyoto, Japan, Jun 19, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-06-25 <>
Publication Type: Individual Poster
Abstract: Background and Aims: Generic language is an important mechanism for efficiently learning about novel kinds. Yet, no research to date has investigated younger children’s ability to effectively make inductive inferences based on hearing generic language. We examined whether generic language would guide 30-month-old infants’ inferences about the properties of novel kinds.

Methods: 30-month-olds were administered an inductive inference task. During the baseline phase, infants were presented with two novel exemplars and an accompanied prop (e.g., blue blick, orange blick, and toy cup). Infants were allowed to explore the objects. During the demonstration phase, the experimenter demonstrated a target action three times with a model exemplar (e.g., blue blick, drinking motion with the cup). The target action modeled was accompanied by either a generic phrase (e.g. “blicks drink milk”) or a non-generic phrase (“this blick drinks milk”). During the generalization phase, the experimenter re-introduced the two exemplars (model match: blue blick; model mismatch: orange blick) and the prop (e.g., cup). The experimenter encouraged the infant to imitate the target action by saying a generic phrase (e.g., “can you show me: blicks drink milk?”) or a non-generic phrase (e.g., “can you show me: this blick drinks milk”).

Key Results: At baseline, in both the generic (model match: M = 1.21; model mismatch: M = 1.50) and non-generic groups (model match: M = 2.75; model mismatch: M = 2.58), infants performed an equivalent amount of target actions with each exemplar. At generalization, infants in the non-generic group performed significantly more target actions with the model match (M = 5.79) compared to the model mismatch (M = 3.79), t = 2.42, p < .05. However, infants in the generic group performed an equivalent amount of target actions with the model match (M = 4.50) compared to the model mismatch (M = 4.54).

Conclusions: Infants were more likely to restrict their target action imitation to the model match exemplar after hearing a non-generic phrase. That is, infants effectively interpreted the non-generic sentence as implying a property that was attributed to the one category member, and was not generalizable to the category as a whole. In contrast, upon hearing a generic phrase, infants interpreted this sentence as indicating that the property was generalizable to the category and thus, performed similar numbers of actions on both test exemplars. This research is first to document two-year-olds’ ability to interpret generics for aiding in the acquisition of novel categories.

2006 - XVth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies Words: 396 words || 
5. Ting, Jonathan., Smith, Joseph. and Houston, Derek. "Infant Fricative Discrimination Using A Novel Visual Habituation Paradigm" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the XVth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies, Westin Miyako, Kyoto, Japan, Jun 19, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-06-25 <>
Publication Type: Individual Poster
Abstract: Background and Aims: In order to identify words, infants must discriminate fine-grained differences in speech sounds. Research has demonstrated that normal hearing infants are able to discriminate numerous phonetic contrasts. However, there is no published data indicating that infants are able to discriminate the fricatives /s/ and /∫/. In fact, Nittrouer (2001) found that infants who were able to discriminate vowels failed to consistently discriminate between /sa/ and /∫a/. The goals of the current study are two-fold: 1) to determine if infants could discriminate /sa/ from /∫a/ using a novel version of the Visual Habituation (VH) procedure that incorporates ideas from the classic oddity paradigm and the Stimulus Alternation Preference Procedure (Best & Jones, 1998); 2) to assess the test-retest reliability of this novel VH procedure.

Methods: 34 NH infants aged 6 to 12 months completed testing. Infants were seated on their caregivers’ lap in front of a TV monitor. Each trial consisted of an auditory stimulus accompanied by a checkerboard visual display. Infants were either habituated with repetitions of /sa/ or with repetitions of /∫a/. After looking times decreased to reach a habituation criterion, infants were presented with pseudo-randomized ordering of 10 trials of the old stimulus (either /sa/ or /∫a/) and 4 trials of a novel alternating stimulus (/∫a/-/sa/ or /sa/-/∫a/). Infants were then retested using the same procedure 1 to 10 days later, with either the same habituation and testing stimuli on both days or with one set on Day 1 (e.g. /sa/ & /∫a/-/sa/) and the other set on Day 2 (e.g., /∫a/ and /sa/-/∫a/)

Key Results: On the first day of testing, infants showed a statistically significant preference for the novel alternating stimulus over the old stimulus, t(33)= 2.212, p= 0.034. On Day 2, infants continued to prefer the novel stimulus if the same habituation and novelty stimuli were used, t(14)= 1.45, NS. Surprisingly, if the other set of stimuli were presented instead on the second day of testing, a significant reversal in preference was found with infants favoring the habituation stimulus over the novel stimulus, t(18)= -2.767, p= 0.013.

Conclusions: Results from this study provide evidence that infants are able to discriminate between /sa/ and /∫a/ using the novel VH paradigm. However, the inconsistency of these findings upon repeat testing warrants further investigation to determine possible effects of interval length, testing duration and memory on the test-retest reliability of this paradigm.

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