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2015 - American Society of Criminology – 71st Annual Meeting Words: 200 words || 
Info
1. Marshall, Ethan., Miller, Holly. and Williamson, Bridget. "Co-Offenders And Solo Offenders: Does It Matter? A Study Of Female Sex Offenders" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology – 71st Annual Meeting, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, Nov 17, 2015 <Not Available>. 2020-01-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1045237_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: While most research on sex offenders has focused on males, a growing body of literature has focused on female sex offenders. An issue specific to female sex offenders is the common occurrence of a co-offender. Previous research has found differences between female solo and co-offending sexual offenders. Solo offenders are more likely to offend against males and non-relatives, score higher on measures of anti-social disorders, and found to have higher rates of recidivism. Co-offenders are more likely to offend against relatives (including their children), and score higher on measures of mood disorder. However, most of the studies examining solo and co-offenders are limited by small sample sizes. The current study examines differences on personality, mood disorders, and risk on a large sample of 212 female sex offenders. Solo offenders scored significantly higher on measures of aggression and dominance (p < .01), and co-offenders scored significantly higher on measures of anxiety and anxiety related disorders (p < .05). Solo offenders had on average 4.69 previous arrests, which is nearly twice as many compared to 2.56 for co-offenders. Results will also include risk score comparisons (Static-99) between solo and co-offending female sexual offenders. Implications for risk assessment and treatment will be discussed.

2012 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 200 words || 
Info
2. Bender, Kimberly., Kubiak, Sheryl., Kernsmith, Poco. and Kernsmith, Roger. "Female Sex Offenders: Comparisons to Other Female Offenders and Male Sex Offenders" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Nov 14, 2012 <Not Available>. 2020-01-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p576762_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Females are arrested and convicted of between 1% and 6% of the sex offenses nationally. These small numbers have limited attention to the assessment and treatment of female sex offenders. To more fully understand treatment needs, a statewide study of those incarcerated, utilizing administrative and survey data, assessed multiple factors: offense characteristics, criminal history, demographics, mental health, cognitive distortions, trauma and abuse histories. Research involved comparisons between: 1) females with and without a sex offense, and 2) males and females convicted of a sex offense. Females were 1% of those convicted of sex offenses (98 of 9,235) and comprised 5% of the total number of females incarcerated within the state. There were only race differences between women with and without a sex offense, but significant differences between males and females. Over half (55%) of females, compared to 16% of males, reported a co-offender with most females stating pressure by the co-offender to participate. Adverse effects experienced during childhood did not differ, but females were more likely than males to experience sexual abuse. Males were more likely to endorse items indicative of sexual deviance than were females. Results will be discussed in relation to their implications for programming and treatment.

2012 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 115 words || 
Info
3. Schaefer, Roger., Kigerl, Alex. and Morczek, Amber. "What Does the Victim-Offender Relationship Tell Us about Sex Offender Recidivism? The Importance of Specificity When Determining Risks for Child-Based Sex Offenders" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Nov 13, 2012 <Not Available>. 2020-01-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p577520_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study examines the impact of victim-offender relationships on recidivism among child-victim sexually-based offenders. Building on the work of previous scholars this study explores the development of specified victim-offender typology utilizing both the sex of the victim and the perpetrator. These typologies are then examined for differential recidivism outcomes. Advancing upon prior typologies the study utilizes and differentiates between, both male and female offenders in an effort to provide a more complete profile. Furthermore, by operationalizing recidivism as newly committed sexually-based offenses, this study intends to more accurately predict predatory threats within the community. Policy implications for this study are aimed at improving the accuracy of risk assessments for sexually-based offenders who target children.

2009 - American Psychology - Law Society Words: 98 words || 
Info
4. Page, Gregory., Pascarella, Stephanie. and Fass, Warren. "Assessing Cognitive Distortions for Juvenile Sexual Offenders: Comparing Juvenile Sexual Offenders and Non-offenders" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, TBA, San Antonio, TX, Mar 05, 2009 <Not Available>. 2020-01-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p295955_index.html>
Publication Type: Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Juvenile courts continue to handle more sexual offense cases which increase the demands for valid assessment. Cognitive distortions have shown promise in assessing treatment amenability, treatment response, and recidivism risk. The Bumby Scales (1996) were originally designed to assess sexual offending specific cognitive distortions. The Bumby Scales were adapted for juvenile sexual offenders. The present study was designed to assess whether the Adolescent Bumby Scales appropriately identified juvenile sexual offenders from non-offenders. Preliminary analyses suggests that juvenile sexual offenders report lower levels of cognitive distortions associated with rape and higher levels of distortions associated with molestation than non-offenders.

2012 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 182 words || 
Info
5. Deslauriers-Varin, Nadine. and Beauregard, Eric. "Offending Consistency among Serial Sex Offenders: For Whom? A Look at Offender Characteristics" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Nov 14, 2012 <Not Available>. 2020-01-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p585292_index.html>
Publication Type: Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Prior studies on crime linkage have shown evidence that offenders commit crimes in a consistent manner, especially when we take into consideration the geographic and environmental information of the offense. However, much remains to be known about the influence of offender characteristics in understanding why and for whom offending consistency exists. To date, findings have shown either partial or little evidence supporting the association between crime scene actions and the offender’s characteristics and personality across different crime types. Prior studies in the criminal career field, however, found that offender characteristics have an impact on the level and patterns of specialization found. Using a sample of 72 serial sex offenders who have committed a total of 361 sexual assaults on strangers, the current study aims to identify offenders most likely to display behavioral consistency across their series and to evaluate the influence of selecting different cut-off points and techniques to determine which offenders are consistent or not. The findings are examined in light of the literature on offending consistency and specialization. Practical implications for police investigations and crime linkage analysis are also discussed.

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