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2016 - AAS-in-Asia, Kyoto Words: 238 words || 
1. O'Neill, Daniel. "One Road, One Belt, One Regime Type: The Limits of Chinese Influence in Developing States" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AAS-in-Asia, Kyoto, Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan, <Not Available>. 2018-09-25 <>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: This qualitative comparative study analyzes efforts by the Chinese government to influence developing state governments to support foreign investments by Chinese firms. The high levels of political risk and corruption along with weak rule of law usually found to deter foreign direct investment (FDI) in many of these states present both difficulties and opportunities for Chinese firms seeking to expand abroad. Policies of the Chinese state in support of these firms attempt to overcome the difficulties and make the most of the opportunities by gaining the support of foreign state leaders in order to protect China's outward FDI. A range of cases of Chinese investment efforts on several continents show that regime type -the degree to which a state is comprised of authoritarian or democratic institutions- is the key independent variable in determining the extent to which China is able to influence foreign governments in support of Chinese FDI in developing states. While authoritarian institutions in the FDI receiving state provide opportunities for China to influence the host government by expanding the resources available for it to retain power, even imperfect democratic institutions offer voice to opponents of Chinese investments and provide incentives for politicians to reject the financial resources China provides in order to gain the support of voters and a broader range of interest groups. This increases the likelihood of opposition to Chinese firms’ investments, particularly investment by China’s state owned enterprises, in developing, democratic states.

2013 - Association for Slavic, East European and Eurasian Studies 45th Annual Convention Words: 149 words || 
2. Pavlyshyn, Marko. "Marko Vovchok’s Letters from Paris: Describing ‘Everything One Sees, Hears and Thinks in One's Own Way and in One’s Own Language’" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Slavic, East European and Eurasian Studies 45th Annual Convention, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Boston, MA, <Not Available>. 2018-09-25 <>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: The innovation for which Marko Vovchok (Mariia Markovych, 1833-1907) is generally lauded in histories of Ukrainian literature is her socially engaged treatment of the theme of serfdom. No less important were her successful efforts to establish modern, vernacular-based Ukrainian as a vehicle for the communication of ideas, where her predecessors had shown its efficacy for the evocation of laughter or tears. Vovchok’s Narodni opovidannia (1857) demonstrated the possibility in Ukrainian of a relatively transparent, neutral narrative whose point of reference was recognisable as the world outside the text (in contrast to the stylistically laden prose and largely self-referential prose of Kvitka-Osnovianenko). Her private correspondence and her non-fictional prose proved the capacity of Ukrainian for elaboration to fulfil many of the non-literary functions of a modern literary language. The paper considers the main challenges that Vovchok confronted in addressing this task and the strategies that she discovered for overcoming them.

2012 - Nineteenth Annual Conference of the Council for European Studies Words: 246 words || 
3. Daly, Mary. and Copeland, Paul. "One Target, One Guideline and One Flagship Initiative: Social Policy in the Europe 2020 Strategy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Nineteenth Annual Conference of the Council for European Studies, Omni Parker House Hotel, Boston, MA, Mar 22, 2012 <Not Available>. 2018-09-25 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper situates the ‘social element’ of Europe 2020 within a broader understanding of EU social policy at both the national and transnational levels, and of the political economy of European integration. The guiding research question is whether Europe 2020 represents progress towards a stronger EU social policy process. The empirical substance of the paper analyses the nature of the agreement (the target, the guideline and the Flagship Initiative) and how Member States have responded to it. The paper reaches three conclusions with respect to the EU’s latest attempt to further integration within the social sphere. Firstly, there are weaknesses inherent in the poverty approach adopted. The underlying principles of the poverty target and accompanying Flagship Initiative represent a patchwork of competing ideologies that have different and often competing underlying normative connotations. Secondly, a broader analysis of Europe 2020 via its overall prioritisation and governance mechanism reveals the ‘spill-back’ of EU social policy. Monetary and fiscal discipline forms the central underlying principle of the reform strategy and this downgrades the poverty target and social policy as a priority (for Member States and the EU). Thirdly, the current phase of European integration is dominated by liberalisers who prioritise European integration as a pure market-making project with minimal integration within the social sphere, in contrast to the political constellations which led to the launching of the Lisbon Strategy. As such, not only is the 2020 poverty target ‘symbolic’ but future integration within EU social policy is highly unlikely.

2012 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 10145 words || 
4. Balbi, Gabriele. and Kittler, Juraj. "Dialoguing With Socrates or Disseminating Like Jesus? Rereading Communication History Through ‘One-to-One’ and ‘One-to-Many’ Lenses" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Sheraton Phoenix Downtown, Phoenix, AZ, May 23, 2012 Online <PDF>. 2018-09-25 <>
Publication Type: Extended Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Innovative Methods Workshop - Extended Abstract:

One of the key analytical categories through which emerging media technologies have been approached by the historians of communication is the dichotomy reflecting the potential to conduct communication flows in the one-to-one (point-to-point; face-to-face) or one-to-many fashion. John Durham Peters epitomized it elegantly through the characters of Socrates/Plato, men of dialogue, and Jesus, disseminator of the message. Many other notable scholars have wrestled with this dichotomy, sometimes inadvertently, without addressing the issue explicitly; other times while approaching communication from rigid technological-determinist positions.

While the era of “grand narratives” and elegant explanatory theories pursued by the followers of Harold Innis and Marshall McLuhan may be out of fashion, in the last two decades - partially in response to the Annales School that pioneered social and cultural histories - one can clearly see a renaissance of historical research that attempts to reconcile both history and sociology, relying on the longue durée approach. This study advances further such line of research by offering a new way of looking at media history at least in two aspects. First of all, through the ontological lenses of the one-to-one and one-to-many dichotomy, it attempts to re-read the last 2,500 years of Western communication theory and social praxis. Secondly, focusing mainly on historical periods in which newly emerging media or new ways of thinking about the old ones emerged, this paper aims at reconsidering the mutual interaction between media and society.

Starting with the oral communication that dominated the classical world, the study advances by analyzing the periods relying on the manuscript and print, takes into account the role played by the developing postal service in spreading information and knowledge, and culminates with the advent of electronic communication and telecommunication - from the early telegraph through the telephone, cinema, radio, television, and onwards to the digital electronic network. It also considers to what extent some technologies that are conventionally not associated with communication - such as lighting, air-conditioning, or urban structures and institutions - influenced the way in which the dichotomy of one-to-one and one-to-many was articulated.

The results of such an historical analysis lead us to embrace, in a critical way, the social-constructivist tradition. We conclude that in its infancy, each emerging technology has the potential to foster both one-to-one or one-to-many communication flows. Which of the two is emphasized in its deployment largely depends on a particular society that shapes technology through sets of explicit regulatory policies or, in a more covert manner, through its hegemonic projection. At the same time, this study asks also if there is something inherent in the technology itself that naturally propels it to become a one-to-one or one-to-many medium? To what extent can the unintended consequences steer that potential one way or the other?

In the conclusion this study aims to demonstrate that the two dichotomic concepts that were used in the analysis can ultimately help us to rethink some taken-for-granted ideas about communication. The one-to-one and one-to-many potential has clearly a lot to do with the issues of power, democracy and totalitarism, privacy and publicity, secrecy and openness, active and passive audiences, mass and solipsism, time and space. Thus rereading communication histories with this dichotomic set of ontological lenses in mind becomes a new way at looking at media and communication. It helps in reconsidering how ideas, social structures, and cultural forms have re-shaped the ways in which communication has been conceived at different historical intersections of time and space.

2012 - ISPP 35th Annual Scientific Meeting Words: 268 words || 
5. Penic, Sandra., Spini, Dario. and Jelic, Margareta. "“One nation, one god, one state”: The relationship between religious practice and national identity in Croatia and Serbia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 35th Annual Scientific Meeting, Mart Plaza, Chicago, IL, Jul 06, 2012 <Not Available>. 2018-09-25 <>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Following the violent dissolution of former Yugoslavia, religious organizations played an important role in rebuilding the nation-states in Croatia and Serbia. The number of religious persons rose dramatically, and religious identities became intertwined with national identities. Critics of religious organizations in former Yugoslavia, however, stress their role as co-engineers of crisis and conflict and promoters of xenophobic and exclusionary nationalism. In this research, we examine the impact of religious practice on both national attachment and xenophobic national glorification.
The results of multi-level analyses on a representative cohort sample from 34 areas of Croatia and Serbia show that, on a contextual level, living in an area where religion is strongly practiced is not related to stronger feelings of general national attachment. Yet it is a crucial predictor of national glorification and the exclusion of conflict group members. These findings are then complemented by a discourse analysis of the official Catholic Church’s weekly journal in Croatia from 1986 to 2006. These analyses help clarify what constitutes a Croatian national identity (i.e. the boundaries, norms and prototypes), as promoted by the Church. By examining the content of articles over a 20-year time period, one marked by dramatic structural and political changes, we illustrate how certain interpretations of past and present critical collective events are rhetorically constructed in order to promote a particular version of national belonging and disqualify competing ones. Overall, our findings emphasize the importance of studying not only the intensity but also the content of national identities. They further lend insight into the mechanisms by which “entrepreneurs of identity” mobilise people towards accepting particular meanings of national belonging.

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