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2016 - American Political Science Association Annual Meeting Words: 153 words || 
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1. Kavakli, Kerim. and Kuhn, Patrick. "Not All Opposition Is the Same: Islamic Opposition and Fraud Evaluation" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, TBA, Philadelphia, PA, <Not Available>. 2019-04-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1115942_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: We argue that whether organizations evaluating elections criticize or condone elec- toral fraud is strongly influenced by the ideology of its victims. An organization is more likely to overlook fraud committed against groups that are deemed dangerous by its sponsor. Based on this insight, we hypothesize that in the post-Cold War era Western organizations with close political ties are more tolerant of fraud against Is- lamist opposition parties, because Islamists are perceived to threaten political stability and Western political interests. In support of our hypothesis, we find that the U.S. State Department, which is directly connected to the U.S. government, is most likely to endorse a fraudulent election if it includes Islamic opposition parties. In contrast, observers with weaker ties to donor governments display smaller or no anti-Islamic bias. Our findings show that research on democracy promotion benefits from identifying the strength of ties between outsiders and challengers as well as the incumbents.

2006 - American Political Science Association Words: unavailable || 
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2. Liyan, Joyce. "Democratic Opposition Movements in Arab Autocratic Regimes: Why the Delay? Analysing Opposition Groups in Syria" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott, Loews Philadelphia, and the Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA, <Not Available>. 2019-04-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p151173_index.html>
Publication Type: Proceeding

2017 - Association for Asian Studies - Annual Conference Words: 226 words || 
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3. Dettman, Sebastian. "The Oppositional Dilemma: Opposition Party Strategy and Democratic Reform in Malaysia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Asian Studies - Annual Conference, Sheraton Centre Toronto Hotel, Toronto, Canada, <Not Available>. 2019-04-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1190108_index.html>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: In stable semi-authoritarian regimes like Malaysia, opposition parties consistently participate in flawed electoral and governing processes. Yet participating in these regimes creates dilemmas for opposition parties if they pursue broader political reform or change along with individual electoral and policy objectives. How and when do opposition parties pursue national regime change or democratizing reforms? What explains changes in party strategy over time? These strategic choices are not entirely explainable by incentives to reform electoral institutions or the strength or weakness of the ruling party. Instead, I argue that party commitment to broader political changes are a result of party characteristics and interactions with other opposition actors and the ruling power. In Malaysia, opposition parties – distinguished by disparate organizational, ideological, and ethnoreligious bases – face different tensions and tradeoffs interacting with core constituencies, other opposition actors, and the ruling power in pursuing political reform. This theory helps account for why opposition parties alternate between cooperation and confrontation with the regime or other opposition parties. I test the theory in Malaysia by tracing the divergent behavior of the main opposition parties PAS, DAP, and PKR during key political moments in the country’s history. I use evidence from elite interviews, archival documents, survey data, and election results. This work contributes to research on Malaysia’s opposition parties, as well as to literatures on democratization and opposition parties under authoritarianism.

2018 - MPSA Annual Conference Words: 29 words || 
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4. Kronick, Dorothy. and Marshall, John. "Opposition media and political accountability: The effects of Chavez banning Venezuela's main opposition television channel" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual Conference, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, <Not Available>. 2019-04-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1351376_index.html>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: In 2007, President Chavez banned the transmission of the primary opposition television network, RCTV. We investigate the consequences for accountability, at the ballot box and through public goods provision.

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