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2010 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 198 words || 
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1. Pridemore, William. and Grubesic, Tony. "Alcohol Outlets and Community Levels of Interpersonal Violence: Spatial Density, Outlet Type, and Seriousness of Assault" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, San Francisco Marriott, San Francisco, California, Nov 16, 2010 <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p423625_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Despite renewed popularity in criminology of ecological explanations of crime rates, community characteristics like the density of alcohol outlets have received less attention. Employing Cincinnati block groups as units of analysis and controlling for several structural characteristics associated with violence rates, we estimated spatially lagged regression models to determine if the variation in spatial density of alcohol outlets was related to the variation in the spatial density of simple and aggravated assaults. We estimated separate models for off-premise outlets, bars, and restaurants to see if there were differences by type of outlet. The results revealed a positive and significant association between outlet density and assault density. This association held for simple and aggravated assaults, and for total outlet density and the density of each type of outlet. Further tests showed the outlet-violence association to be stronger for off-premise outlets relative to bars and restaurants, and estimation of attributable fractions showed that off-premise outlets may account for approximately one-quarter and one-third of simple and aggravated assaults, respectively. We contextualize these findings to the theoretical and empirical literatures, suggest how they can be translated into actionable policy, and discuss ways criminologists can contribute to a better understanding of this phenomenon.

2012 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 176 words || 
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2. Snowden, Aleksandra. and Pridemore, William. "Off-Premise Alcohol Outlets and Violence in a College Town: The Role of Outlet, Staff, and Patron Characteristics" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p576850_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: There is growing evidence of an ecological association between alcohol outlet density and violence. In these studies, however, all alcohol outlets are treated the same. Theoretically, though, there are reasons to believe that all outlets do not contribute equally to criminal behavior, that some are riskier than others. What is lacking in the literature is a discussion of the specific characteristics of outlet, staff, and patrons of off-premise alcohol outlets that might explain the difference in violence rates across different alcohol outlets. Via systematic social observation, we obtained data on a number of such characteristics, including the sale of wine, spirits, or single serve beers; age, gender, and ethnicity of staff; and patron age, gender, and mode of transportation to the outlet. Using Bloomington, Indiana block groups as units of analysis and controlling for several structural characteristics associated with violence rates, we estimated spatially lagged regression models to determine if the variation in the outlet, staff, and patron characteristics of off-premise alcohol outlets is related to density of simple and aggravated assaults in a college town.

2012 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 162 words || 
Info
3. Snowden, Aleksandra. "Alcohol Outlets and Assaults in a College Town: Accounting for Immediate Environment Characteristics" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p575436_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: There is growing evidence of an ecological association between alcohol outlet density and violence. It is reasonable to assume, however, that all outlets do not contribute equally to criminal behavior, and the next step in this research area is to determine the characteristics of troublesome outlets. Characteristics of the immediate environment in which alcohol outlets are embedded have received little attention, though, and to date most ecological studies have been of large cities. These characteristics include location on a main street or in a strip mall, being bordered by an alley, being located near a library or park, and the presence of evidence of drinking in public near the outlet. Using Bloomington, Indiana, block groups as units of analysis and controlling for several structural characteristics associated with violence rates, we estimated spatially lagged regression models to determine if the variation in the immediate environment characteristics of off-premise alcohol outlets is related to density of simple and aggravated assaults in a college town.

2006 - American Sociological Association Pages: 22 pages || Words: 7669 words || 
Info
4. Norris, Tina. "Framing of Gay Rights in Mass Media Outlets: A Content Analysis of Newspaper Editorial Pages" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Montreal Convention Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Aug 10, 2006 Online <PDF>. 2019-08-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p96880_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This project explored how media frames were used within small regional newspaper editorials and op-ed pieces about homosexuality during the time period from July, 2002 to June 2003. The central research question of this project was: how often, and in what ways are frames utilized as a means to support or refute pro-gay and anti-gay stances regarding topics pertaining to homosexuality within editorials and op-ed pieces? This research provided a quantitative and qualitative look at how small regional newspapers vary in the framing of debates over homosexuality. I investigated how those on both sides of debates used different framing strategies to support their arguments in response to claims made by the other.
The most significant findings of this research dealt with how frames were supported and refuted. Regardless of the proportional difference in pieces written with a pro-gay stance in relation to an anti-gay one, results indicated that a large proportion of pro-gay pieces were written to defend against, or refute, anti-gay framing of an issue. This was not found to be the case in the anti-gay pieces. Consequently, for pro-gay groups the battle was not only one of achieving equal access within the limited confines of editorial page, the battle also entailed finding room within those pages to defend their stances; a burden by which the opposite side did not seem to have to bear. Hence, while pieces with pro-gay frames and stances were found to be more numerous, one could conclude they were not necessarily more prolific.

2008 - International Communication Association Pages: 24 pages || Words: 7183 words || 
Info
5. Terry, Christopher. "The FCC’s Outlet Diversity Policy: A Finger on the Balance Scale of Viewpoint Diversity" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 22, 2008 Online <PDF>. 2019-08-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p232101_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: As part of a competition-based regulatory philosophy, the Federal Communications Commission has adopted an ownership based policy known as Outlet Diversity as a proxy method to promote a diversity of viewpoints in the broadcast media. This study presents a content analysis that examines that political content of three informational radio stations in Milwaukee, Wisconsin as a test of the effectiveness of the FCC’s Outlet Diversity policy in promoting viewpoint diversity. Using content collected during the 2004 Presidential Campaign, the results suggest that the Outlet Diversity policy is failing as a proxy method for promoting a diverse range of viewpoints.

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