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Showing 1 through 4 of 4 records.
1. Schwenken, Helen. "Confronting Borders as a Masculinized Migration Practice? Revisiting Sans-Papiers Protests in European Borderlands" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE", New York Marriott Marquis, NEW YORK CITY, NY, USA, Feb 15, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Unauthorized border crossings are intrinsic to undocumented migration. In the media border-crossers are mostly representated in rather stereotypical ways, they are shown with obscured faces, blurred movements etc. In the proposed paper I would like to rev

2010 - Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies Pages: unavailable || Words: 562 words || 
2. Hanley, Jill., Lavigne, Valérie. and Gal, Sigalit. "Les Groupes Militants dans les Luttes pour les Droits des Sans-Papiers au Québec et en Belgique" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies, Grand Plaza, Montreal, Canada, Apr 15, 2010 Online <PDF>. 2019-08-20 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Dans un contexte où l’on observe l’augmentation de la migration internationale « irrégulière », la question des droits des « sans-papiers » - des étrangers présents dans un pays sans le droit légal d’y être – devient de plus en plus centrale dans les débats publics autour de l’immigration. Au Québec et en Belgique, des acteurs sociaux représentant le spectrum politique se sont prononcés sur cet enjeu et s’organisent afin d’influencer les politiques et les actions de l’État. Les acteurs « militants » sont incontournables dans ce débat, mais leur contribution à la lutte pour les droits des sans-papiers reste contestée par certains des acteurs institutionnels ou étatiques. Cette communication présentera les résultats d’une étude comparative (60 entrevues, observation participante, littérature grise) qui examine le rôle des groupes militants au sein des mouvements québécois et belges en faveur des droits des sans-papiers depuis 1995. Quels sont les liens entre les groupes militants et les institutionnels ? Quelles contributions apportent les groupes militants à la lutte ? Quels défis ?

Nous verrons que les mouvements pour les droits des sans-papiers au Québec et en Belgique incluent tous les deux des acteurs d’une grande variété d’approches et d’idéologies. Dans les deux cas et des deux bords, il y a généralement une reconnaissance du rôle de chacun, mais une méfiance des approches et des idéologies sous-entend les relations entre les groupes d’orientations différentes. La discussion tentera d’éclairer la problématique avec des exemples et citations tirés d’entretiens, tout en dégageant des recommandations pour l’action collective.

2013 - The Law and Society Association Words: 393 words || 
3. Julliard, Emilien. and Chauvin, Sebastien. "Making Migrant Legality: French Labor Unions Reshaping the Rights of “Sans-Papier” Workers" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Sheraton Boston Hotel, Boston, MA, May 30, 2013 <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: From 2008 to 2010, with the support of the Confédération Générale du Travail (CGT), thousands of France’s undocumented migrant workers conducted strikes and occupied their workplaces, demanding that their employers sponsor their legalization applications. Unheard of in French migration history, the mobilization was based on a recent change in legislation allowing employers to solicit the legalization of a migrant through the provision of a formal job offer. While the French government’s original intent was to make access to legal status contingent on employer decision alone, union action broadened its scope by bringing the whole employment relationship into the process, including the stakeholders and labor rights built into it by decades of social legislation. Based on three years of extensive participant observation and more than a hundred in-depth interviews with migrant workers, union and civil rights organization staff and activists, employers in the restaurant, cleaning, temporary staffing and construction industries, and French national and local government officials, this paper considers the legal innovations elicited by the strike of the sans-papiers, and analyzes the challenges it faced in the particular context of France’s migration law.

By coordinating the strikes, the CGT carried migrant rights mediation to a new level. The union did not just help employed sans-papiers claim the labor rights they theoretically enjoyed as workers: it also deployed their labor-market integration as an agonistic springboard towards legal status. However, French migration law mostly functions on the basis of administrative discretion. In the absence of major legal victory at the national level, most of the favorable procedures gained by the union-sponsored movement thus only remained in place as long as strikes kept pressure on both employers and the government. Although the CGT had launched its campaign with the hope of creating a permanent rule-based right to legalization for undocumented migrant workers, the French union ended up functioning primarily as a right intermediary within the existing discretionary administrative framework, never guaranteeing legalization altogether. As part of this new mediating relationship, the French government partially outsourced to the CGT the work of identifying and authenticating eligible claimants, while rejecting the others. The paper suggests that the increased role of unions and civil rights organizations in mediating the rights of undocumented migrants may affect the nature of those rights and transform those organizations in return. We conclude by examining the challenges of rights-mediation within contexts marked by administrative discretion.

2011 - The Law and Society Association Words: 258 words || 
4. Barbero, Iker. "Sans Papiers as Subjects of Legality" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Westin St. Francis Hotel, San Francisco, CA, May 30, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In January 2001, 700 undocumented immigrants (mainly from Pakistan,
Bangladesh, India, Morocco and Black Africa) shut themselves (in
encierros) during 47 days in 10 churches of the city of Barcelona. At
the same time, other coordinated protests occurred in other places of
Spain (Madrid, Valencia, Almeria, Murcia). The objective was clear:
to resist against the Aliens law that discriminated, criminalized and
condemned undocumented immigrants to an unlawful status. After three
months of encierros, massive demonstrations and even hunger strikes,
the Spanish government was forced to negotiate and to open an
extraordinary regularization process. Those struggles had relevant
social and legal consequences. Sans-papiers could represent an
alternative field of citizenship with pretensions of recognition as
legal subjects. Through this case study we shall try to understand
what the result was and whether the encierros could be analyzed from
an alternative citizenship perspective.

However, we can not explain the case study from the single legal point
of view of State law, aliens? law in this case. Nation state monism
has historically imposed its “methodological nationalism”, excluding
from the analysis other scales and legalities. The transformation of the formal
law, the recognition of certain rights and the seed of a future new
legality was fruit of the inevitable collision of multiple legal
orders. This idea of new legal subjects carved across multiple
legalities needs a detailed reflexion. During those three months of
struggles, the resistance was shaped among different legal orders:
human rights´ transnational law, European Law, State aliens´ law, customary law from
immigrants´ origin, (religious) natural law and insurgent law. This
paper aims to explain how the interaction of these different legal
orders was used to achieve legal change and, ultimately, another way
of constructing citizenship.

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