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2009 - Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: 5797 words || 
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1. Skjæveland, Asbjørn. "Party Unity, Party Cohesion, or Party Discipline: What should we call it; what is it; and how do we measure it? -With an up to date analysis of a parliament with very high party unity figures" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference, The Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 02, 2009 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-01-29 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p362280_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Understanding party unity is important. Knowing the degree of party unity in a parliament is a key to understanding the legislature itself. The aim of this paper is to facilitate comparative research by discussing the name, definition and measurement of party unity, and to exemplify with various up to date measurements from the Danish parliament. Party unity is a suitable term for the degree to which party group members act as one (externally). An analysis of Danish party unity illustrates questions one can ask about the measurement of party unity. Party unity figures in Denmark are very high and this general picture appears to be robust.

2007 - Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 23 pages || Words: 9089 words || 
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2. Rizova, Tatiana. "The Party is Dead, Long Live the Party! Successor Party Adaptation After Single-Party Authoritarian Regime Collapse" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, IL, Apr 12, 2007 <Not Available>. 2020-01-29 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p198847_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: In this paper I develop a theory explaining the variation in successor party performance following the collapse of single-party authoritarianism in 28 countries. I argue that there are three sets of factors affecting successor party performance in competitive elections – historical legacies, political institutions, and party adaptation tactics to democratic conditions. My preliminary results on a partial data set indicate that party tactics such as name changes, organizational centralization, and ideological moderation improve successor parties’ electoral performance.

2009 - Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference Pages: 34 pages || Words: 10172 words || 
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3. Guerra, Darren. and Guerra, Dustin. "Turn Out the Lights the Party's Over: Analyzing the Southern Walkout at the 1860 Democratic Party Convention Using James Ceaser's Party Classifications" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference, The Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 02, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2020-01-29 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p361745_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Abraham Lincoln would not have been elected president had the Democrats not split in 1860 along sectional lines. The Party was the only sectional moderating force in the nation and as such its rupture was a decisive blow to union. Valuable insight into this rupture may be gained by applying the party criteria articulated in James Ceaser's work Presidential Selection to the major factions in the Democratic Party represented at Charleston. Ceaser, drawing on Tocqueville and historian Richard Hofstader, articulates three party types; the Great party, the Burkean party, and the Small party. Great parties hold views about the fundamental manner society should be ordered. Analysis reveals that Southern Democrats pursued a vision of "great" party politics in their efforts to shape the Democratic Party. In contrast, "small parties" exist simply to gain power and distribute largess or political patronage. In this sense, Northern Democrats tended to act in a manner consistent with a "small" party and as such they provided little principled resistance to the passionate secessionists. Evidence for these classifications will be drawn from actual floor debates of the 1860 Democratic Party Convention in Charleston.

2004 - American Political Science Association Pages: 28 pages || Words: 7767 words || 
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4. Kritzinger, Sylvia., Cavatorta, Francesco. and Chari, Raj. "Continuity and Change in Party Positions Towards Europe in Italian Parties: An Examination of Parties' Manifestos." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hilton Chicago and the Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Sep 02, 2004 <Not Available>. 2020-01-29 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p61880_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper analyses Italian parties’ manifestos for national and European elections from 1979 to 1999 with the ‘Wordscore’-programme in order to gauge whether parties positions with regard to the European Union have changed and the salience of European Union has increased. Results indicate that, although there is no sign of increased salience, the leading Italian political parties have repositioned themselves in their attitudes towards the European Union indicating that the European political space matters for national parties.

2005 - American Political Science Association Pages: 76 pages || Words: 17610 words || 
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5. Celep, Odul. "What Does Party Discourse Show about Party Ideology? A Close Examination of the Established Party Programs in Western Europe" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott Wardman Park, Omni Shoreham, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, Sep 01, 2005 <Not Available>. 2020-01-29 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p42301_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Many scholars acknowledge that right-wing extremism pose a threat to democratic norms and institutions, but the existing research does not tell us enough about the effects of the newly emerged extreme right-wing parties (ERPs) on the politics established democracies. Drawing on party literature and spatial theories of party competition, as well as the empirical data collected as a part of the Comparative Manifesto Project (CMP) project, this study examines how the ERPs have influenced the political agenda of the established parties in Western Europe. Specifically, I argue that the rising electoral strength of the ERPs alone is not a sufficient indicator of the influence of right-wing extremism on democratic politics. Instead, ideologically rightward movements of the established parties should be taken into account in order to provide a more comprehensive picture of how rising right-wing extremism has structured the political agenda of contemporary democracies.

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