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2009 - Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: 5797 words || 
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1. Skjæveland, Asbjørn. "Party Unity, Party Cohesion, or Party Discipline: What should we call it; what is it; and how do we measure it? -With an up to date analysis of a parliament with very high party unity figures" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference, The Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 02, 2009 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-04-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p362280_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Understanding party unity is important. Knowing the degree of party unity in a parliament is a key to understanding the legislature itself. The aim of this paper is to facilitate comparative research by discussing the name, definition and measurement of party unity, and to exemplify with various up to date measurements from the Danish parliament. Party unity is a suitable term for the degree to which party group members act as one (externally). An analysis of Danish party unity illustrates questions one can ask about the measurement of party unity. Party unity figures in Denmark are very high and this general picture appears to be robust.

2007 - Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 23 pages || Words: 9089 words || 
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2. Rizova, Tatiana. "The Party is Dead, Long Live the Party! Successor Party Adaptation After Single-Party Authoritarian Regime Collapse" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, IL, Apr 12, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-04-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p198847_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: In this paper I develop a theory explaining the variation in successor party performance following the collapse of single-party authoritarianism in 28 countries. I argue that there are three sets of factors affecting successor party performance in competitive elections – historical legacies, political institutions, and party adaptation tactics to democratic conditions. My preliminary results on a partial data set indicate that party tactics such as name changes, organizational centralization, and ideological moderation improve successor parties’ electoral performance.

2002 - American Political Science Association Pages: 24 pages || Words: 7077 words || 
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3. Kreuzer, Marcus. and Pettai, Vello. "The Calculus of Party Affiliation in Post-communist Democracies. Party Switching, Fusions, Fissions and the Institutionalization of Party Systems" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Sheraton Boston & Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts, Aug 28, 2002 <Not Available>. 2019-04-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p65383_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The development of post-communist party system is explained either by actorless, structural explanations or choice theoretic accounts focusing on the external actions of parties (linkage with voters, strategic interaction with other parties). Little attention has heretofore been paid to the international actions of parties or what we call the affiliation calculus of political actors. We try that the organizational weakness of post-communist parties make it crucial to focus on the internal, organizational choices of parties.

2007 - Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 19 pages || Words: 6310 words || 
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4. Skaeveland, Asbjorn. "Party Cohesion in the Danish Municipalities: Does the Number of Parties Have a Positive Effect on Party Cohesion?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, IL, Apr 12, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-04-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p196510_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Knowledge about party cohesion is fundamental to our understanding of the role of parties in elected bodies such as parliaments. It is a rather well established fact that parliamentary democracies show a greater degree of party cohesion than do presidential. Still, we need better answers for many questions about party cohesion. In this paper various explanations of party cohesion are investigated. The primary aim is to investigate whether the number of parties influences party cohesion positively. If many parties are represented in a parliament or a similar chamber, one would think that this would cause a comparatively high degree of party cohesion because of agreement in the party groups. Divisions would be between parties, instead of between factions inside the parties. An approach which is new to party cohesion research is used – party cohesion is investigated at the municipal level. Studying party cohesion at the municipal level has two clear advantages. One is the number of cases which is much larger than what can be achieved at the national level. The present investigation includes data from 265 fully comparable polities. Another advantage is that directing attention to the Danish municipal level allows the investigation of the effect of the number of parties on party cohesion while controlling for several other factors including parliamentarism. There are two main results: First, the number of parties does not influence party cohesion positively. Second, the occurrence of a majority party does appear to influence party cohesion positively.

2004 - The Midwest Political Science Association Words: 83 words || 
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5. Kim, Thomas. "Parties in Peril and the Peril in the Parties: The Dynamics of the Racialization of Asians in the American Two-Party System" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 15, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-04-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p83167_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: argue that given the incentive structure facing strategic
Asian American political interests, a nationally organized Asian
Americans should forsake party politics because the political logic of
the American two-party system will ensure that the interests of Asian
Americans will be marginalized by both major parties. If Asian
Americans are to become politically empowered, efforts should focus on
interest group activities outside the party system, including lobbying
Congress, bringing grass-roots pressure to bear at key moments in
policy debates, and emphasizing a long term commitment to building an
indigenous base of political power.

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