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2007 - International Society of Political Psychology Pages: 30 pages || Words: 10235 words || 
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1. Lewin, Eyal. "Are patriots really more patriotic than their anti-patriotic rivals?Poking into patriotism through the Israeli case" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Classical Chinese Garden, Portland, Oregon USA, Jul 04, 2007 <Not Available>. 2020-01-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p204503_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Patriotism is comprehended by its very definition as the active love for one's country. Anti-patriotism, it goes without saying, is just the opposite: A refusal of any sacrifice that might be demanded.The Israeli case, however, enables us to study more deeply what patriotism and anti-patriotism is all about: the experience of wars and terror attacks bears an opportunity to inquire directly the various protagonists and to learn from first hand how patriotic the patriot really is and how anti-patriotic his opponent may be.The analyses of numerous interviews with soldiers and combat veterans as well as the testimonies of pacifists and peace activists reveal a somewhat compound picture: some of the heroes who have excelled in warfare had not necessarily been motivated by loyalty to their country, whereas others, such as those who have refused to fulfill their duty as soldiers, had expressed a very patriotic inspiration. Understanding the complexity that lies within the definition of patriotism versus anti-patriotism may be essential not only for enriching theory but also for the recognition of a phenomenon called â??monopolization of patriotismâ?, where one of societyâ??s most important resources might be politically exploited â?? and not necessarily for a good cause.

2007 - Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 30 pages || Words: 10235 words || 
Info
2. Lewin, Eyal. "Are Patriots Really More Patriotic than their Anti-patriotic Rivals?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, IL, Apr 12, 2007 <Not Available>. 2020-01-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p197983_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Patriotism is comprehended by its very definition as the active love for one's country. Anti-patriotism, it goes without saying, is just the opposite: A refusal of any sacrifice that might be demanded.
The Israeli case, however, enables us to study more deeply what patriotism and anti-patriotism is all about: the experience of wars and terror attacks bears an opportunity to inquire directly the various protagonists and to learn from first hand how patriotic the patriot really is and how anti-patriotic his opponent may be.
The analyses of numerous interviews with soldiers and combat veterans as well as the testimonies of pacifists and peace activists reveal a somewhat compound picture: some of the heroes who have excelled in warfare had not necessarily been motivated by loyalty to their country, whereas others, such as those who have refused to fulfill their duty as soldiers, had expressed a very patriotic inspiration.
Understanding the complexity that lies within the definition of patriotism versus anti-patriotism may be essential not only for enriching theory but also for the recognition of a phenomenon called “monopolization of patriotism”, where one of society’s most important resources might be politically exploited – and not necessarily for a good cause.

2016 - American Political Science Association Annual Meeting Words: 283 words || 
Info
3. Haines, Pavielle. "Patriotism as Prejudice: The Effect of Patriotic Appeals on Group Attitudes" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, TBA, Philadelphia, PA, Sep 01, 2016 <Not Available>. 2020-01-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1118054_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Patriotism is a pervasive rhetorical feature of contemporary American presidential campaigns. While a growing body of research confirms that candidates can use patriotic appeals to win voter support, relatively less is known about how invocations of patriotism influence public opinion outside the voting both. This paper presents quantitative evidence to show that exposure to patriotic appeals increases both intergroup and intragroup hostility. White respondents in a survey experiment were randomly assigned to read a short article about a fictitious presidential candidate who either did, or did not, make a patriotic appeal. Respondents who were exposed to a patriotic appeal expressed higher levels of ethnocentrism and militancy. This suggests that patriotic appeals induce out-group bias, which is consistent with much of the existing patriotism literature. The relationship between patriotism and in-group dynamics has received considerably less scholarly attention, but many political theorists posit a positive relationship between patriotism and national unity. However, this paper finds that patriotic appeals provoke intergroup hostilities toward disadvantaged American social groups. Respondents exposed to a patriotic appeal exhibited higher levels of animosity toward blacks, immigrants, and poor Americans. They also scored higher in social dominance orientation, indicating a preference for hierarchical social structures to dominate low-status social groups. This paper argues that patriotic appeals influence public opinion by making American national identity salient. When whites look through the lens of their national identity, minority groups that fail to conform to American norms and ideals are viewed as “bad” Americans who must be kept in check lest they undermine the nation. This paper concludes that while invoking patriotism may be an advantageous electoral strategy for presidential candidates, ubiquitous patriotic appeals may promote a more militant, prejudicial, and divided American populace.

2018 - Association of Teacher Educators Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
Info
4. Wellenreiter, Benjamin. "No Perfect Patriotism: Encouraging Preservice Teachers to View Patriotic Processes from Multiple Perspectives" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Teacher Educators, Flamingo Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV, Feb 16, 2018 Online <PDF>. 2020-01-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1293696_index.html>
Publication Type: Multiple Paper Format
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Teachers need preparation for critique that focuses on their approaches to displays of patriotism. Questions emphasizing multiple perspectives and role play assist preservice teachers in the analysis of patriotic processes.

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