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2008 - Southern Political Science Association Words: 161 words || 
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1. Wittmer, Dana. "Self-Perceptions or Societal Perceptions? Women, Candidacy, and Perceptions of Qualification" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, Hotel Intercontinental, New Orleans, LA, Jan 09, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p212739_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The gender disparity in political office is most often explained by the social eligibility pool hypothesis, which purports that the number of women in the political realm will increase as women infiltrate the ‘pipeline professions.’ However, recent scholarship asserts that women and men in seemingly equitable professional and social positions do not perceive themselves as equally qualified to run for political office. Specifically, women view themselves as less qualified than their male counterparts. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether others view male and female potential candidates within this differential framework as well. Moreover, this study will investigate how gender and perceptions of qualification interact with a potential candidate’s occupation and family context. Lastly, I will explore how gender stereotypes may impact the level of office for which a candidate is considered eligible. I use an experiment with over 500 subjects in order to isolate the impact that the gender of a potential candidate has on perceptions of qualifications.

2010 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 176 words || 
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2. Palmer, Darren. and Coventry, Garry. "Official Data Versus Community Perceptions: Australian Sudanese Experiences and Perceptions of Criminal Justice in Queensland." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, San Francisco Marriott, San Francisco, California, Nov 17, 2010 <Not Available>. 2019-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p431779_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper examines Australian Sudanese experiences and perceptions of criminal justice. Since 1996 more than 30,000 Sudan born people have been resettled in Australian, with the majority of these arriving in the period since 2001. In the post-2001 period almost all arrivals occurred under the Australian Humanitarian Program, with 75% of these being refugees. Further, 14% were resettled in Queensland which was shaped by Government policies and programs directed at locating refugees in regional centres such as the Queensland areas of Logan/Beenleigh/Woodridge, Toowoomba, Townsville, Cairns, and the Gold Coast. Our research focuses on the first three areas with additional metropolitan Brisbane locations where significant numbers of Australian Sudanese have settled. We have collected and analysed police reports from 2002, conducted interviews with police and Australian Sudanese, completed media analysis and surveys of Australian Sudanese. Our research explores the manner in which Australian Sudanese are problematised, the extent of formal contact with the criminal justice system and Australian Sudanese perceptions of the justice system. This paper focuses on the police data and Australian Sudanese perceptions and experiences.

2010 - 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions Words: 518 words || 
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3. Isobe, Taichi., Mizushima, Nozomi. and Sakura, Osamu. "How is Public Perception Different from Expert Perception about BMI (Brain-Machine Interface) ? : Toward Constructing the Relationship between BMI and Society." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions, Komaba I Campus, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, <Not Available>. 2019-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p421575_index.html>
Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: 1 Introduction
We always confront difficulties when new technologies are introduced into society. Therefore, it is important for experts and the society to formulate an effective plan to identify ethical and social problems at the early stages of research. Understanding audiences is the first step in effective communication (Rogers, 1999). We have focused on BMI (Brain-Machine Interface) as an emerging technology in neuroscience, because research on BMI is crucial for rehabilitation and medical applications in neuroscience. BMI is a technology that can decode and control information in the brain, elucidate brain functions, and recover and supply brain and physical function (SRPBS).
We presented one part of exploratory results and discussions as the same topic at 4S conference (2009). In this time, we will present complete results and discussions by analyzing with Modified Grounded Theory Approach (M-GTA) which we did not use for the presentation in 2009 .

2 Purpose & Methodology
We conducted semi-structured interviews with general public and BMI experts. The number of general public was 8 (female: 3, male: 5) and experts was 4 (female: 0, male: 4). Referring to nanotechnology surveys (Cobb & Schutz, 2004), we clarify how general public and experts perceive BMI and analyze the differences between these two perceptions. Research items include the general image, risks, benefits, and the relationship between experts and society about BMI. We use a Modified Grounded Theory Approach (M-GTA) to analyze the date.
3 Results & Discussions
We found 24 concepts (concept indicates [ ] as below) for public perception and 10 concepts for expert perception. After analyzing each concept, we compared the same concept between public perception and expert perception. There are 6 same concepts between these two perceptions such as [The influence from SF and animation], [treatment & rehabilitation and enhancement] and [the necessary of communication].
One result and discussion, for example, is [treatment & rehabilitation and enhancement]. General public indicates the difficulty to make clear line between enhancement and rehabilitation. To consider BMI, the rehabilitation possibility will be enhancement because enhancement is on the line from rehabilitation which makes people be better than current situation. On the other hand, expert suggests the research of enhancement is nearsighted. If BMI researchers make possible to create enhanced human, they do not have concrete prospect of future research and benefit. Expert perception is formed to recognize benefit about BMI.
 
4. Conclusion
There are a few similarities between public perception and expert perception, but there are differences between most of these perceptions. The reason is, though general public have the perspective from user and recipient about BMI, expert have the perspective from researching to BMI; they have the different framing. It will be crucial for them to understand the different framing and communicate each other in emerging stage of science.

Acknowledgment: A part of this study is the result of “Brain Machine Interface Development” carried out under the Strategic Research Program for Brain Sciences by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan.

2010 - UCEA Annual Convention Pages: unavailable || Words: 2180 words || 
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4. Urick, Angela. and Bowers, Alex. "What influences principal perception of academic climate? A nationally representative study of the direct effects of perception on climate." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the UCEA Annual Convention, Sheraton New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, Oct 28, 2010 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p437193_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Using a nationally representative sample of public high schools (n=286), we examined the extent to which the principal’s perception of their influence on instruction, influence on school decisions, relationship with the school board and central office and the evaluation of their performance relates to how they view teachers and students in the classroom through academic climate while controlling for school level covariates. School effectiveness literature has suggested alternative measures of school quality such as academic climate, which has been shown to increase the performance of disadvantaged students, and positively influence leadership decisions on instruction and the type of professional teaching environment. However, little attention has been given to date to the principal’s perception of their responsibilities and how it relates to their view of the school and overall academic climate. The findings of this study link overall school academic climate with direct effects from principal perception of support from the central office, their influence on hiring and firing of teachers, course offerings, grouping of students and discipline policies. Academic climate was negatively associated with school SES, social disorder and principal perception of the extent of their evaluation on discipline issues.

2010 - NCA 96th Annual Convention Pages: unavailable || Words: 8466 words || 
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5. Krcmar, Marina., Farrar, Kirstie. and McGloin, Rory. "31. The Perception of Humanness in Video Games: Towards an Understanding of the Effects of Player Perceptions of Game Features" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the NCA 96th Annual Convention, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Nov 13, 2010 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p417224_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study manipulated a contextual feature of a video game (humanness of aggression target) and considered the role of player perceptions of the manipulation. Schema theory is used to argue that perceptual variables will mediate the relationship between game features and aggressive outcomes. Results indicate that perceptions of humanness have a greater impact on aggressive outcomes than our manipulation of humanness.

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