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2016 - SRCD Special Topic Meeting: Technology and Media in Children's Development Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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1. Wang, Fuxing., Woolley, Jacqueline., Li, Hui. and Xie, Heping. "Can I talk to Mickey through my Mobile Phone? Children’s Understanding of the Functions of Mobile Phones" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SRCD Special Topic Meeting: Technology and Media in Children's Development, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, Oct 27, 2016 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1154344_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Recent data show that in 2015 there were about 1.30 billion mobile users registered in China in a population of 1.36 billion people (Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China, 2015). Recent research indicates that children as young as 2 are using smart phones or tablets, and by age 4, 97% have used a mobile phone (Radesky, Schumacher, & Zuckerman, 2015).
There is limited research on how children conceive of phones and their functions (Christakis, 2014; Radesky et al., 2015). One recent study by Eisen and Lillard (2015) found that children and adults disagree about many of the functions of touchscreen devices. One critical question that has not yet been explored is children’s understanding of the fantasy-reality distinction as it pertains to mobile phone use.
The present studies aimed to examine 4-year-old children’s understanding of realistic versus fantastical functions of mobile phones. Experiment 1 examined how children and adults judged real and fantastical functions of mobile phones as depicted in videos and pictures. We hypothesized that 4-year-old children may have a different understanding of the capabilities of mobile phones from adults. In Experiment 2, we limited our focus to real functions of mobile phones but included capabilities that varied in their familiarity. In both studies, participants were asked to report their experience with the function and judge the reality status of the events.
Experiment 1 (N = 77) explored 4-year-olds’ and adults’ reality status judgments of real and fantastical mobile phone events shown in Figure 1. The results indicated that 4-year-old children had the same understanding of fantastical events as adults, but underestimated the reality of real events. Experiment 2 (N = 43) confirmed the main results found in Experiment 1 that children were skeptical of the reality of real mobile phone events ( indicated in Table 1). We also found that, unlike adults, children’s beliefs about the functions of mobile phones were significantly related to their experience with those mobile phone functions.
Our finding indicate that 4-year-olds were similarly skeptical about the real versus fantastical functions of mobile phones, and it appears that confusion regarding the role of experience is at the root of their skepticism. This finding is consistent with a body of emerging findings showing that children are more skeptical than previously believed, and that the root of this skepticism may be an over-reliance on the role of experience (Woolley & Ghossainy, 2013).

2009 - International Communication Association Words: 1 words || 
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2. Julsrud, Tom., Roldan, Grace. and Wong, Andrew. "The Personal Hand Phone: A Vehichle for Developing and Sustaining Local Business Networks? Exploring the Usage of Mobile Phones among Small Malaysian Enterprises" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott, Chicago, IL, <Not Available>. 2019-06-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p305664_index.html>
Publication Type: Session Paper

2010 - International Communication Association Words: 3 words || 
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3. Kim, Ban-ya. "Does Mobile Phone Make Egalitarian Couples? The Effect of Mobile Phone Use on Perceived Behavioral Control" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Suntec Singapore International Convention & Exhibition Centre, Suntec City, Singapore, <Not Available>. 2019-06-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p420538_index.html>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: abstract not provided

2010 - International Communication Association Words: 347 words || 
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4. Kobayashi, Tetsuro. "Mobile Phone Use and the Scope of Social Perspective: Why and How Mobile Phone Use Correlates With Social Trust?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Suntec Singapore International Convention & Exhibition Centre, Suntec City, Singapore, <Not Available>. 2019-06-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p403304_index.html>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: Mobile phone use and the scope of social perspective: Why and how mobile phone use correlates with social trust?
Tetsuro Kobayashi
National Institute of Informatics, Japan
Aiko Mukaida
NTT DOCOMO Mobile Society Research Institute
The previous findings on the relationship between mobile phone use and social trust are at best mixed. Some studies posit that perpetual contacts with intimate and thus homogeneous others make the boundary between ingroups and outgroups salient and undermine trust on unknown strangers, while others find positive effect on social trust. Why so? One of the possibilities is that mobile phone use does not have direct effect on social trust but have indirect or interactive effects in the relationship with other variables. For example mobile phone use might have effects on the quality and quantity of personal networks of the users and these variables might in turn have effects on social trust. Another possible cause is the deficiency of the scale of social trust. Many of the typical scales of social trust assumes “the default level of trust on general others” and ask the extent to which the respondents trust on “most people”. However, the cognitively represented “most people” can systematically vary across respondents along with their characteristics. This deficiency of social trust scale makes it difficult to disentangle the level of social trust and the variance of assumed “most people”. Because mobile phone use takes place with interpersonal communication, it might have some effect on the scope of assumed “most people”. For example, based on the previous findings that mobile phone texting increases the homogeneity of personal networks among youth (Kobayashi & Ikeda, 2007), it may be possible that the heavy use of mobile phone texting among peers limit the scope of “most people” to intimate friends, which makes the level of trust seemingly high. On the basis of these concern, using a nationally representative survey data of Japanese youth(8 to 18 yrs old; n=1002, RR=59%), I will present some findings about how mobile phone texting can correlate with social trust through limiting the scope of general others (“most people” in social trust scale) into narrower circles.

2013 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 4756 words || 
Info
5. Wise, Kevin., Young, Rachel. and Ryan, Mary. "Hold the Phone: Mobile Phone Haptics and Activation of Socially Relevant Concepts" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Hilton Metropole Hotel, London, England, Jun 17, 2013 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p639693_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study explores whether the physical sensation of holding a mobile phone activates mental concepts associated with its use. Based on an embodied cognition perspective, we conducted an experiment in which 98 participants held an object in their hand while completing multiple assessments of concept activation. The held object was the participant’s mobile phone, a wooden mobile phone mockup, or a golf ball. Results showed that participants holding the golf ball were more likely to evaluate an ambiguous interaction in nondescript terms than were participants holding the mobile phone-type items. These results are described in terms of an embodied perspective on the increasingly physical nature of interactions with media.

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