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2017 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
1. Ball, Christopher., Francis, Jessica., Huang, Kuo-Ting., Kadylak, Travis., Cotten, Shelia. and Rikard, RV. "The Physical-Digital Divide: Exploring the Social Gap between Digital Natives and Physical Natives" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Palais des Congrès de Montréal, Montreal, Canada, Aug 12, 2017 Online <PDF>. 2019-12-09 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: We live in a world that is becoming increasingly interconnected via information and communication technologies (ICTs). The benefits of ICT are significant but there are those that experience these devices differently. The digital divide is an evolving concept which includes a myriad of dimensions and repercussions. Older adults specifically are the most digitally divided demographic group. The present study seeks to explore how older adults perceive the actual physical use of ICT, particularly across generations and contexts, in order to gain deeper insights into their unique experiences. Data for the present study come from a series of focus groups conducted in the Midwest. The results indicate that seniors acknowledge that ICT helps them connect with distant social ties, but that it is actually disconnecting with near social ties. Therefore, in building off of these findings and the digital divide literature, we label this particular phenomenon the “physical-digital divide.” A “social access gap” exists when a particular group feels ostracized or offended when those around them engage with ICT while they themselves are not. In conclusion, younger generations are often referred to as “digital natives” and older generations as “digital immigrants.” We believe that a more apt label for older adults may be “physical natives” as their preferred method of communication involves physical face-to-face interactions and traditional codes of etiquette. Suggestions are made for reducing the divide by increasing intergenerational awareness and understanding regarding ICT usage etiquette.

2015 - SRCD Biennial Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
2. Davis, Cynthia., Usher, Nicole., McCormick, Sean-Patrick., Mantzoros, Christos. and Crowell, Judith. "Associations among Childhood Sexual and Physical Abuse, Adult Mental Health, Social Functioning and Physical Health" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SRCD Biennial Meeting, Pennsylvania Convention Center and the Philadelphia Marriott Downtown Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Mar 19, 2015 <Not Available>. 2019-12-09 <>
Publication Type: Individual Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Recent research shows that childhood trauma and abuse is linked to Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) in midlife (Lee, Tsenkova, & Carr, 2014). There are no known studies that examine whether distinct forms of child abuse may differentially lead to poor health, and no studies that examine how mental health and social supports mediate these relations, but biological and behavioral pathways are hypothesized (Pervanidou & Chrousos, 2011). This study takes a lifespan developmental approach and examines mediators, vis-à-vis adult mental health and social functioning, in the relations between childhood physical and sexual abuse and adult health.
Two hundred thirteen racially diverse midlife adults (35-55 years) of diverse SES reported on childhood (<18 years) physical or sexual abuse during semi-structured interviews. Mental health symptoms were obtained using the Beck Depression Inventory II (Beck, Steer, & Brown, 1996), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger & Gorsuch, 1983), Aggression Questionnaire (Buss & Perry, 1992), and UCLA Loneliness Scale (Russell, 1996). The Social Adjustment Scale (Schooler, Hogarty, & Weissman, 1979) assessed social functioning (domains: work, marital, social, economic, extended family, parental). Health risk behaviors were obtained through the Block Food Frequency Questionnaire (Block & Subar, 1992), energy expenditure in metabolic hours/week, self-reported smoking, and self-reported drinking. Non-optimal values were given a ‘1’ and scores were summed across the four behaviors. MetS sum scores were calculated based on waist-hip ratio, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, and hdl cholesterol. Non-optimal values were given a ‘1’ and scores were summed across the five indicators.
Using path analysis, results showed that both childhood physical and sexual abuse linked to worse adult social functioning, but depression mediated this relation for physical abuse. Sexual abuse was not associated with depression, but the relation between sexual abuse and social functioning became non-significant when controlling for depression (2(7)=11.68, p>.05; RMSEA=.056). Anxiety and aggression mediated the relation between physical abuse and social functioning. Although the association between sexual abuse and social functioning remained, regardless of anxiety or aggression (anxiety 2(7)=12.27, p>.05; RMSEA=.060; aggression 2(7)=13.70, p>.05; RMSEA=.067). Loneliness mediated the relation between sexual abuse and social functioning. Physical abuse was not associated with loneliness, but the relation between physical abuse and social functioning became non-significant when controlling for loneliness (2(7)=10.55, p>.05; RMSEA=.049). Social functioning then linked to more health risk behaviors and higher MetS sum scores, but there were no direct links between childhood sexual or physical abuse and adult physical health.
Direct, but differential, associations existed between child abuse and mental health, even into midlife. Physical abuse was associated with adult depression, anxiety, and aggression symptoms. Sexual abuse was associated with adult loneliness. Indirectly, loneliness explained the relation between sexual abuse and social functioning, while depression, anxiety, and aggression explained the relation between physical abuse and social functioning. Child abuse and adult mental health influenced adult physical health indirectly, through their associations with adult social functioning. Results provide a pathway hypothesis for the relation between child abuse and adult health through adult mental health and social functioning, and offer several points of intervention in this pathway.

2015 - National Council for Black Studies (NCBS) 39TH Annual Conference Words: 227 words || 
3. Guillory, J. Anthony. ""The Physical Uplift of the Race: The Emergence of the Black Physical Culture Movement, 1900-1930."" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Council for Black Studies (NCBS) 39TH Annual Conference, The Westin Los Angeles Airport Hotel, Los Angeles, California, Mar 11, 2015 <Not Available>. 2019-12-09 <>
Publication Type: Individual Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper challenges prevailing themes that dominate historical accounts of African American sport. I argue that elements of African American physical culture should be understood within a context of the particular social, political, and economic circumstances that influenced their respective arrivals. I demonstrate the limitations of what I call the metanarratives of black sport history by tracing the emergence of the early twentieth century black physical culture movement. I contend that this movement was greatly influenced by the circumstances that inspired Rayford Logan to consider the historical period a nadir of black history in the United States. During this period, white social reformers developed welfare programs to help native-born whites and European immigrants adjust to their new lives in urban areas. At the same time, many of these white social reformers posited that African Americans were physically inferior and destined for biological extinction. They used these arguments to justify their refusal to help blacks address the social issues that affected their communities. Black intellectuals and community leaders responded to this injustice by conducting their own social scientific investigations and by putting forth their own programs for social betterment. I rely on primary source evidence to show that Black social reformers saw physical culture as an integral part of their plans to improve many of the urban conditions that afflicted the race.

2016 - American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting Words: 77 words || 
4. Kleppe, Anna., Powers, Ráchael. and Cochran, John. "Comparative Effects of Physical and Non-Physical Control Tactics Within Intimate Partner Sexual Violence" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting, Hilton New Orleans Riverside, New Orleans, LA, Nov 16, 2016 <Not Available>. 2019-12-09 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Research has consistently found physical and psychological violence to be detrimental to victims' health, yet little is known about the effects of these acts of violence when used as tactics to facilitate sexual violence. This study, utilizing data from the 2010 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS), compares health effects related to experiencing intimate partner sexual violence through physical and non-physical tactics of control. The moderating effects of gender and sexual orientation are also examined.

2007 - AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY Words: 117 words || 
5. Denney, Justin. and Belknap, JoAnn. "A Comparison of Physical and Non-Physical Intimate Partner Abuse" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia, Nov 13, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-12-09 <>
Publication Type: Poster
Abstract: Justin T. Denney
Joanne Belknap

Some existing research suggests that women victims of intimate partner abuse report the non-physical (verbal/ psychological/emotional) abuse as more hurtful than the physical abuse. Using a longitudinal sample of 178 women in three research sites identified by the courts as victims of domestic violence, this study analyzes the extensive data collected on the type(s) of abuse the women report experiencing, distinguishing many forms of non-physical abuse and many forms of physical abuse. The role of whether the abuse is non-physical, physical, or both is analyzed, while examining demographic characteristics of the women, mental health variables (e.g., quality of life and psychological distress), and data on the women’s use of the police and courts.

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