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2011 - International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition" Pages: 37 pages || Words: 11159 words || 
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1. Dursun-Ozkanca, Oya. "Double Veto Players on Transatlantic Security Relations: Turkey as an Outside Veto Player in the European Security and Defense Policy and Cyprus as an Outside Veto Player in NATO" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA, Mar 16, 2011 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-09-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p500524_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The Euro-Atlantic security infrastructures have been constantly evolving to successfully respond to new demands and challenges of the post-Cold War security environment. While the new security context necessitates enhanced dialogue between the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Turkey and Cyprus are increasingly put under criticism for obstructing the coordination between the two organizations. This article suggests that in order to accurately project for the future of the European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP)-NATO relationship, it is essential to analyze the roles of Turkey and Cyprus in it. As such, this article analyzes the Turkish and Cypriot strategic preferences vis-à-vis the evolving transatlantic security infrastructures. It develops the concept of outside veto power, and makes the argument that while Turkey plays the role of an outside veto player in ESDP, Cyprus plays the role of an outside veto player in NATO. The results of this analysis have significant implications on the future of transatlantic security relations. The conclusion discusses these ramifications.

2011 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 7665 words || 
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2. Fernandez Vara, Clara. "The Paradox Between Player Control and Player Character in Adventure Games" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Boston, MA, May 25, 2011 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-09-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p491185_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This historical analysis of the player character in adventure games focuses on the apparent paradox between the historical transformation of their player character and their interface. The player character, as mediator between the player and the world, has acquired more distinctive identity traits over time, distancing itself more and more from the player. Meanwhile, the interface of adventure games has sought increasing levels of immediacy, by following models of interaction based on direct manipulation. The tension between player characters that become more independent from the player and interfaces that aim at providing the player with more immediate control has driven adventure game design, in the search for an embodied action while at the same time the player character has attained an identity more clearly distinct from that of the player’s.

2008 - ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES Words: 243 words || 
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3. Cho, Hye Jee. "Veto Players and Sovereign Debt: Do Veto Players help Leftist Governments Restore Investor Confidence in Sovereign Debt Markets?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES, Hilton San Francisco, SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA, Mar 26, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-09-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p250954_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: In this paper I test whether political institutions of checks and balances can restore investor confidence in leftist governments’ perceived creditworthiness. Investors tend to be averse to left-wing governments because historically leftist governments have frequently relied on expansionary macroeconomic policies and infringed on the property rights of investors. However, governments may improve the negative perception of from investors by the help of institutional and policy arrangements that reduce political and policy uncertainty and promote investor confidence. I specifically test the effects of veto players on country creditworthiness. Theoretically, veto players may or may not improve country creditworthiness: a larger number of veto players make policy changes more difficult, thus may provide greater policy stability; on the other hand, veto players in leftist governments may be perceived as a policy gridlock that locks in policies that are unfavorable to investors. Using sovereign credit ratings data of more than 100 developed and developing countries, I find that there is an inverted-U shaped relationship between political constraints and sovereign credit ratings among the leftist governments in the developing world; that is, there is a positive relationship between veto players and credit ratings as one moves from very few to a moderate number of veto players, but after reaching a certain level of veto points the relationship turns negative. On the other hand, there seems to be no significant association between the number of veto players and sovereign credit ratings among leftist governments in the developed world.

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